“reproductive health is a state of complete physical mental and social well-being in all aspects relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes. this implies that individuals are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life and the capacity to reproduce and the freedom to decide if when and how often to do so”
yearning for children and the heartbreak of barrenness have been a part of life since the beginning of mankind recorded throughout history by religious accounts, myths legends, art and literature. Whether driven by biological drive, social necessity or psychological longing the pursuit of a child or children has compelled men and women to seek a variety of remedies sometimes even extreme measures. in fact in all cultures involuntary childlessness is recognized as a crisis that has the potential to threaten the stability of individuals, their relationships and communities. every society has approved methods to deal with infertility involving either alone or together alterations of social relationships e.g. divorce or adoption spiritual intercession e.g. prayer or pilgrimage to spiritually powerful site or medical interventions e.g. taking of herbs or consultation with medicine man, all of which are culturally interlinked. while spiritual and medical remedies for involuntary childlessness are common and often used early on by involuntary childless couples social solutions demanding the alteration of relationships have been shown to be the last alternative individuals or couples usually consider.