Recent studies conducted show overwhelming statistics pertaining to the United States’ opioid crisis and the effect it is having on society.
A study conducted in 2016 found that more Americans die due to a drug overdose than from a motor vehicle accidents. The U.S. Department of Justice National Drug Intelligence Center also found that there is a growing economic impact from the opioid epidemic amounting to almost $193 billion. With the United States’ growing opioid epidemic, the role of healthcare professionals has come into question. In 2016 the QuintilesIMS Institute found, “on an average day in the United States, 650,000 opioid drug prescriptions are dispensed, which is enough to allow each citizen one full bottle of opiate drugs in a given year.” The United States Surgeon General, Dr.
Vivek H. Murthy, put out a report on how the growing opioid crisis should be treated. This report, Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General’s Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health, stresses that substance abuse is a neurological disease and should be treated as such. To properly understand the way to treat opioid addiction, the genetics and anatomical causes of addiction must first be understood. 2. Source # 2: in MLA format Main Points: in your own words and with citation: DAVISMany studies attribute the over-prescription of opioids to the inadequate knowledge of those prescribing on the dangers of opioids. Doctors and other medical professionals receive very little unbiased training and are often not kept up to date on the new guidelines and recommendations on how to treat patients with opioids.
The number of deaths caused by unintentional opioid overdose has been skyrocketing since 2011, from about 41,000 deaths to 47,000 in 2014. One study found that more people die each year from an opioid overdose than died during the peak of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the 1980’s and 1990’s.The rise in the prescription of opioids stems from doctors and other medical professionals using opioids to treat chronic pain, something that affects millions of Americans nationwide. Although opioids are very effective in aiding people with severe pain, like those suffering from cancer, it is not the only treatment method. Many healthcare professionals are now looking to find new methods of treatment that are just as effective as opioids but without the added risk.