Sedition: Whoever by words, either spoken or written or by signs or visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring hatred, contempt or disaffection towards the Government established by law in India, commits the offence of sedition shall be punishable with imprisonment for life or any shorter term with or without fine, or with imprisonment (rigorous or simple) upto three years with or without fine or with fine only (Section 124-A). Comments expressing disapproval of Government measures, action or admission without causing or attempting to cause hatred or disaffection do not constitute the offence of sedition. Explanation: (i) The expression disaffection includes disloyalty and all feelings of enmity, (ii) Comments expressing disapprobation of the measures of the Government with a view to obtain their alteration by lawful means, without exciting or attempting to excite hatred, contempt or disaffection, do not constitute an offence under Section 124-A.
(iii) Comments expressing disapprobation of the administrative or other action of the Government without exciting or attempting to excite hatred, contempt or disaffection, do not constitute an offence under Section 124-A. Ingredients: Following are the essential ingredients: — (a) The accused must bring or attempt to bring into hatred or contempt or disaffection towards the Government; (b) By words or by signs or by visible representation or otherwise.