Psychologist in a recent article has summarized the

Psychologist Maslow (1943), developed “a theory of human motivation “. He has suggested in his hierarchy of needs that before individuals reach their full potential, they need first to satisfy a sequence of basic mandatory needs. This theory is based more on philosophy rather than on a scientific evidence. However, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs would provide educators an outline that any student is less expected to accomplish any given task at their full potential if their elementary needs are not encountered.
The first basic need that teachers need to make sure of is that their students’ physical and psychological needs are met. Young in a recent article has summarized the work on appetite in its relation to body needs.  For example, I have noticed that one of my students was always tired and sleepy. By contacting the parents, I was informed that he does not get enough sleep and he does not have breakfast. By giving him a proper breakfast and ensuring that he gets a good sleep, this student started to focus and achieve his potential and have shown great commitment to his work.
Secondly, emotional and physical safety are vital, where students need to feel safe and secured inside and outside their classrooms. For example, seeing the school counsellor or the school nurse, enforcing anti bullying policy and treating students fairly and equally. According to Burleson and Andrew Sarah (2013), many factors educators and group leaders should study ensure that their students feel safe, which are establishing a routine in their learning environment. Visibly outline procedures and rubrics for all learners as well as provide a scheme of work for the day so learners know what to expect. As a result, learners will be able to have a sense of control over the learning environment by simply being aware of what to assume during instruction. Teachers should provide an atmosphere where all learners are comfortable to take some risk, by sharing their thoughts, engaging in lessons by answering and asking questions without any fear of embarrassment.
Thirdly, how students have a feeling of Love & Belonging in our classroom; forming a positive relationship with students will make them feel that they belong to the school which will then affect their attendance and performance. Especially for new comers, teachers need to introduce them to the whole group to feel wanted and appreciated. Encouraging group work will lead to positive peer relationship. Moreover, Teachers should act as a role model for their students.
The fourthl stage is Esteem. Teachers should maintain a positive classroom environment and cultural awarness, where students are encouraged to reflect on their learning and take on some risk.I have percieved that giving our students positive verbal feedback will have a high impact on students’ self esteem. Adler stressed on fullfiling the desire for reputation, recognition and attention for sudents while Freud relatively neglected the importance of fullfilling these needs. “Satisfaction of the self-esteem need leads to feelings of self-confidence, worth, strength, capability and adequacy of being useful and necessary in the world.”
Maslow’s last stage is Self-Actualization, which means that if learners meet all the earlier stages, they can attain at their full potential and be more creative. This will all lead them to become in a later stage independent learners.
References
ADLER, A. (1938) Social interest, London: Faber and Faber
FREUD, A. (1937) The ego and the mechanisms of defense. London: Hogarth
Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370-396. doi: 10.1037/h0054346
Sarah E. (Burleson) Sapp, alumnus, MS 2013; and Andrew C. Thoron, assistant professor; Department of Agricultural Education and Communication, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/WC/WC15900.pdf
YOUNG, P. T. (1936) Motivation of behaviour. New York: John Wiley and Sons
 
 

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