Profiles only black leader in American History who can

Profiles in Courage is a 1957 prize winning value which includes short biography about the person who has been chosen. The person I have chosen who I thought should receive the Profiles in Courage Award goes to Justice Thurgood Marshall. Thurgood Marshall was an African American lawyer who was an associate justice of the Supreme Court back in 1967. Thurgood served for a total of 24 years until 1991 which is two years before his death in 1993. I believe that Marshall deserves the Profiles in Courage because he earned an important position in the American history due to his amazing accomplishments. One of the many accomplishments he received was “as legal counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), he guided the litigation that destroyed the legal underpinnings of Jim Crow segregation” (Thurgood Marshall College Fund). Another accomplishment was as an associate justice of the Supreme Court, he was also the nation’s first black justice. “He crafted a distinctive jurisprudence marked by uncompromising liberalism, unusual attentiveness to practical considerations beyond the formalities of law, and an indefatigable willingness to dissent” (History).Thurgood Marshall is certainly the most important lawyer of the 20th century. Thurgood Marshall is the only black leader in American History who can say that he defeated segregation where it really counts in court. Thurgood Marshall forced rights to be extended equally to even the poorest and less fortunate citizens. Furthermore, he helped the African American civil rights struggles through court decisions. Our society still isn’t perfect, we still have to deal with crime and unemployment, but least thanks to Thurgood Marshall, Martin Luther King, and others, we were given the privilege to have the right to vote, attend any school or college of our choice, and eat anywhere in a restaurant. Thurgood Marshall was a revolutionary man and others felt as if he was destined for greatness. “In 1954, he won the Brown v. Board of Education case, in which the Supreme Court ended racial segregation in public schools”. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, was a US Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws that were allowing segregation in public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. Brown v. Board of Education was one of the most important cases of all time due to that all segregated schools we now equal. The Brown v. Board of Education Court Case was a very important issue in black history. Brown v. Board help different races comes together in public schools. This case became the limelight in the 1950s lots of attention was drawn to the case at that time. Many news reporter and critics had different views and opinions about this case. The Brown v. Board also provided inspiration for many civil rights movements. “Marshall went on to win important cases on civil rights in Texas with Smith v. Allwright and Sweatt v. Painter, which eventually led to the integration of the University of Texas’s law school”. This was one of Marshall’s biggest as well as greatest accomplishments. Smith v. Allwright was a decision by the Supreme Court in 1944 that struck down the Texas’ whites only primary on the groups which the political primaries were apart of the election process. The Sweatt v. Painter was a Supreme Court decision that ruled in 1950 that decided to separate professional schools for blacks to meet the test of equality. Sweatt v. Painter was a U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the “separate but equal” racial segregation established by the Plessy v. Ferguson case. I strongly believe Thurgood Marshall deserves the award. My reasonings are because who was the one who helped end legal segregation in the United States. He won Supreme Court victories creating transportation for children, which proved that separate but equal, is not equal. Marshall was able to prove to the Supreme Court that separate but equal was not equal by using his legal expertness. Marshall was able to have a more direct influence on society and the way the government was treating blacks at the time. Marshall’s influence on the Civil Rights Movement was his involvement and victory in the court case against segregation. Marshall sued the university for rejecting another African-American student seeking education at the institution he was trying to attend. Marshall began fighting for equal rights among his people which led to his successful ban racial segregation in public schools in the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education. Thurgood was such a strong and intelligent man that put the colored people first in his life. The importance of each cause on the reason why Thurgood Marshall deserves to be elected in the Profiles in Courage Award can be disputed, but what is fact is that there were several factors that led to him deserving to receive this award. His devotion to his people, arguing many cases important to the civil rights movement for an example, Brown v. Board of Education. Lastly, Thurgood Marshall is in the lead of those in this century who have brought about the political limits of the African-American population in our country.  Even though it has been years since he has passed, some of the reasons why he should be rewarded can still be seen.

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