Power science building. Combined with the dual occupancy/daylight

Power generation /consumption

Solar/ Photovoltaic Energy

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EME power
consumption of electricity is high due to large number of labs functioning
throughout the day including voluminous hostels and mess .power is also
required for lighting up the campus at night which spans over 3 acres and also
for heating in winters and cooling in summers

Instead this
can be done using solar energy, though initial coast is high but at this point
government through HEC is giving solar panels at subsidized rates. Each
department could house a number of solar panels on its roof, hostels roof could
be utilized to fulfill their energy requirements to some extent 

This can be done in two ways

1)use of solar energy
hand in hand with iesco supply

2)establish a small
solar farm in eme (in green spaces) to eliminate use of iesco supply altogether

EXAMPLE FROM AROUND THE WORLD

Although the
up-front costs of solar projects are usually high, there are utility and
government subsidies available to offset some of the initial investment. Thanks
in part to a $2.8 million utility subsidy, in 2007 California State University,
Fresno in partnership with Chevron Energy Solutions, completed a large-scale
solar parking project at the university that will supply 20% of the
university’s annual power needs. Ten structures provide shaded parking and a location
for 3,872 photovoltaic panels that generate 1.1 megawatts. At Cape Cod
Community College (MA) a solar array has been installed on the school’s new
science building. Combined with the dual occupancy/daylight sensors and
daylight controls, the building systems will use 35% less energy than
conventional systems

Solar Hot Water

Wright
Community College (IA) uses sunlight to heat water for its cafeteria and
science labs while the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay uses the system to
heat its indoor swimming pool. On the roof, 3,880 square feet of solar
collectors Massachusetts Maritime Academy wind turbine near the village of
Buzzards Bay in Bourne, MA. Photo: Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program. 8
preheat water for the pool. In 2005, the system saved 6,540 therms of natural
gas, which is equivalent to producing hot water for twenty residential
households.

 

Biomass Mixed with Fossil Fuels

 A less expensive alternative to an entirely
biomass or fossil fuel system is utilizing a mixture of biomass fuel with traditional
fossil fuels, such as coal, that can be burned in an existing boiler. The
University of Iowa uses the waste product from a nearby Quaker Oats factory
(oat hulls) to mix in with their coal before it is burned. Using a circulating
fluidized bed model, the oat hulls replace half of the coal in a boiler,
cutting $750,000 in fuel costs and 20,000 tons of GHG emissions per year.

ENERGY SAVING TECHNIQUES

In order to
reduce energy consumption, campuses can implement lower cost efficiency
upgrades, employ awareness building strategies around energy usage, and
behavior?changing tactics that offer the opportunity for increased student and
community member involvement.  

 “Go Cold Turkey” Energy Competition

 At Harvard University (MA) dormitories,
students turned off their computers, lights, appliances and heat before leaving
campus for the Thanksgiving holiday. Students saved about 329,000 kilowatt
hours of electrical energy, which is equivalent to the amount needed to power
5.5 million standard incandescent 60-watt light bulbs for one hour. Promoting
Campus-Wide Energy Conservation Emory University (GA) held an event where all
the key buildings went dark for one-half hour to promote awareness of energy
conservation. In addition to turning lights out on campus, Emory alumni
worldwide are encouraged to turn their lights out simultaneously during the
half-hour period.

Computer Energy Savings Program

The
University of Ohio uses Computer Management Software that shuts down computers
when they are not in use. It has saved the university 15,150,000 kilowatt hours
and 15,000 tons of CO2, which makes up 45% of their total computer energy use.
Carnegie Mellon University (PA) participates in EPA’s Energy Star Computer Monitor
Power Management Program: “Sleep is Good!,” which sets their computers to
sleep/standby mode. For more information:
http://www.energystar.gov/ia/business/healthcare/ashe_sep_oct_2003.pd f. Mount
Holyoke (MA) has enabled power management features on 2,800 computers, saving
574,000 kWh and 411 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. Graphic credit: www.energystar.gov

 EZ GPO Software by Energy Star

 EZ GPO is used to assess power management
settings of computers within a network and then sets appropriate energy-saving
power management settings for each workstation monitor. Pomona College (CA) was
able to save approximately $66 per school-owned computer, while reducing GHG
emissions by nearly half a ton of CO2 per year per computer. Universities can
also require students to install this software on their personal computers in
order to gain access to the school’s online network.

 Vending Misers

Vending
misers allow vending machines to turn machine lights off and cycle machines
when not in use while still keeping beverages cold. Vending misers cut energy
consumption in half for beverage vending machines. They were installed by Tufts
University (MA) on 90 machines, saving an estimated $17,000 and 100 tons of CO2
annually. The vending misers cost $165 per unit and save approximately $190 per
year.

This is
stated even though EME has only one vending machine but this fact is for future
references aslo

 Light Bulb Replacement

Replacing
traditional incandescent bulbs with CFLs can cut lighting costs by up to 75%.
The University of Tennessee purchased 1,760 CFLs to exchange for bulbs from
students’ desk lamps, saving $4,190 and 60 tons of CO2 in a single semester.
The University of Florida has replaced 3,700 incandescent light bulbs in
university-owned light fixtures with compact fluorescent bulbs in the 208
apartments, which they anticipate will save residents more than $15,000, and
will eliminate 200 tons of CO2 annually.

Day lighting

 Day lighting is the practice of placing windows,
or other transparent media, and reflective surfaces in buildings so that,
during the day, natural light provides effective internal illumination for
building users. Colleges and universities such as Cape Cod Community College
(MA) maximize the use of daylight in their new buildings in order to enhance
the interior environment for learning while reducing the energy consumption
that would require power generation for electrical lighting.

Green Roofs

A “green
roof” is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with
vegetation and soil. Green roofs provide energy savings (insulation for both
heating and cooling), water runoff reduction, increased roof lifespan,
aesthetic improvements, and other environmental benefits. Examples of
successful green roof projects include Carleton College (MN) and Massachusetts
College of Art. Carleton College has a 666 sq. ft. roof which is the first
student-designed and built green roof in the state of Minnesota. It is also the
first green roof project to use only plant species native to the state. The
University of Texas at Arlington recently installed a 1,000 square feet
experimental green roof with the help of volunteers. The project included the
installation of the roofing systems, irrigation, plants and about 30,000 pounds
of soil.

TRANSPORTATION

EME is a big campus but 
it’s not that big that students need car to commute from one dept to
another but there are many students who commute from home and faculty members
who come from outside

BICYCLES FOR STUDENTS

For students in campus transportation bicycle is the best
option this has been implemented in NUST H12 campus with the name of CYQIK this
might work in eme but on a smaller scale

EXAMPLE

Give Free Bicycles to First-Year
Students

 Ripon College (WI)
gives a free bike, helmet, and bike lock to the first 200 incoming freshman who
agree to leave their cars at home for the first year. Students must sign an
honor code in order to receive the $400 worth of equipment. The project was
made possible by college donors, trustees, alumni, a local lock company, and a
local bicycle corporation.

 Bike-Share Programs At St. Lawrence University
(NY)

 its Green Bikes
Program, started in 2005 with 10 bicycles, allows students to check out
bicycles for two days at a time with the same ID card they use to check out
books from the library. The Green Bikes Program also provides a helmet and
lock, and all the equipment is paid for by the student government.

Ride Your Bicycle to School

 The University of
Washington sponsors the Ride in the Rain Challenge every January, prompting 800
cyclists to commute by bike even during bad weather, saving a pound of CO2 for
each mile they pedal.

Bike Commuter Parking Pass

 Free one-day car
parking permits are now available to Duke University (NC) bike commuters.
Students and employees who rely primarily on their bikes to commute to campus
can receive up to 12 one-day parking passes, allowing them to park in visitor
lots around campus at no cost when weather conditions or other needs demand
they bring a car to campus.

CHANGING MT/CONVERTING FROM DIESEL TO
HYBRID

The buses of EME are diesel run which emit a lot of carbon
in to the atmosphere these buses can be changed to hybrid which will be eco
friendly or to completely electric, the newer buses will be expensive but will
save on fuel

HOW CAN EME GET
HYBRID BUSES

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has indeed
opened several avenues for business ventures that were previously unexplored
between Pakistan and China.

In one such development, a renowned Chinese company –
Yutong Bus – has expressed interest in investing in inter-city and intra-city
bus services in Sindh.(the Express
Tribune 31st March 2017)

Yutong bus sells electric and hybrid buses. Peshawar BRT
system has purchased hybrid buses from yutong

 

EXAMPLE

Public Transit Systems/ Shuttle Buses

The University of California, Davis and the City of Davis,
have partnered to provide Unitrans, a public transportation system that
services all of Davis, with more than forty buses on fifteen routes carrying
more 20,000 Davis residents a day, and more than 3 million passengers a year.
Cornell University (NY) issues free bus passes to all new students.

Vehicle Fleet Efficiency

 Columbia University
(NY) is introducing hybrid cars into its patrol fleet as older vehicles are
retired, with a goal of eventually replacing the entire fleet. The hybrid
vehicles offer more than 70% better city fuel economy than the department’s
older vehicles and are expected to save an estimated 2,200 gallons of gas per
year.

CARPOOLING FOR FACULTY AND STUDENTS

This technique helps in reducing crowding of cars in campus
and reduces the amounts of emissions to negligible

 

Carpooling Programs

 The University of
Washington launched its U-Pass program to offer commuter alternatives to single
occupant vehicles such as public transit, carpools, vanpools, bicycling perks,
emergency rides home, car-sharing and even discounts at local merchants for
U-Pass holders. Even as UW grows, this effort cuts the number of cars driving
to campus by 10,000 vehicles per day. The University of Michigan launched
GreenRide, a web-based, geographic information system ride-matching
application. GreenRide allows potential carpoolers to find ride-sharing
partners by searching for other UM staff who live close by or on the commute
route, and who have similar work schedules. Additionally, the University’s
Carpool Program allows fellow carpoolers to split the cost of one parking permit
using payroll deduction. New university carpoolers will get a 10% reduction in
the shared parking permit fee for the first six months of the program and they
will be entered in weekly drawings for $25 gas card prizes.

Car-Sharing Programs

 Car-sharing companies
such as Zipcar allow students to leave campus to get to places that they
otherwise couldn’t by public transportation. Zipcar offers hybrids and other
efficient models and claims that each of its cars takes twenty private vehicles
off the road. There are also local car-sharing programs such as Community Car
based in Madison, Wisconsin which provides fourteen cars and a pickup truck to
the entire city, with seven cars located on the University of Wisconsin-Madison

Campus. Tufts University (MA) partnered with Zipcar to
implement a car-sharing program on campus, using two hybridelectric Toyota
Priuses and two plug-in electric Toyota RAV4s. Tufts faculty, staff, and
students can buy membership at a reduced rate (which covers insurance,
maintenance, and gas) and reserve a car by phone or Internet.

 Faculty and Staff Commuting

The University of California, Los Angeles created a vanpool
program (owned and operated by the university) that provides commuter service
for faculty, staff and students aboard one of the150 UCLA commuter vanpools,
which service 85 communities. Additionally, UCLA has partnerships with
municipal bus lines allowing faculty and staff to use the UCLA subsidized Go
Metro pass.

 

FOOD

Eme has a number of cafes and a mess the produce used in it
can be locally procured from around EME in walking distance or can be grown by
grounds keeper and students and in the provided green belts

This will reduce the transportation cost of the produce and
also this will be organic farming free of use of excessive pesticides and
chemicals

Use of plastic and paper plates must be eliminated for
serving food as these plates are not reusable and waste a lot of paper/
resources ,usable plates for serving food must be used

Campuses are buying locally?grown and organic food in order
to reduce the use of fossil fuels in almost every step of conventional food
production: from the operation of planting, harvesting, and irrigation
equipment to the production, transportation, and application of pesticides and
fertilizers. Increasingly, university dining services are starting sustainable
dining initiatives that are based on seasonality, prioritizing food that is
sourced locally from farmers who practice sustainable agriculture.  

IMPLEMENTATION /EXAMPLE

Organic Food

 Maharishi
University’s (IA) new student center dining hall is serving 100% vegetarian and
90 – 95% organic food. Campus farms provide the school with fruits and
vegetables during the summer, and campus greenhouses offer tomatoes and greens
during the winter.

Keeping it Local

 At Santa Clara
University (CA), 80% of the produce served comes from local farms. At Smith
College (MA) dining services purchase organic produce, dairy, and honey from
eighteen local farms. Stanford University (CA) supports community-based
growers, by buying milk and meat locally, utilizing biodegradable food
containers and utensils, and creating educational opportunities by inviting
local farmers and fishermen to meet with students in the dining halls.

 Gardens and Farming

 Eastern Mennonite
University (VA) has recently started a campus garden to provide part of the
produce for the campus. The initiative began with a campus-wide forum; How
Green Should EMU Be?, that revealed a widespread interest among students,
faculty, staff, and the community. The Western Washington University campus has
a five-acre farm and community garden with forty available plots for students
to grow anything as long as it is organic. At Hampshire College (MA), work-study
and summer internship positions are available for students who are interested
in working with the community supported agriculture program.

Cage Free Eggs

Wilfrid Laurier University in Ontario, Canada switched to
cage-free eggs after students were surveyed through an online poll to determine
that 68% of students were willing to pay an extra 10 cents per egg. However,
Food Services decided to cover the extra cost.

Composting

 Connecticut College
has a composting system on campus which redirects 500 pounds of waste daily and
was made possible by a $25,000 donation from an alumnus. In 2000, Bard College
(NY) started a dorm composting program where each week a team of paid
“Composting Commandos” take buckets from the dorm kitchens and bring the food waste
to compost bins at the community garden.

“Going Trayless”/REMOVING USE OF
PLASTIC CUTLERY AND PLATES

 Dalhousie University
in Halifax, Canada recently implemented a policy that eliminates trays from all
four of its campus dining halls. The initiative serves to reduce food waste
because students take less food, as well as water and detergent consumption during
the cleaning process of the 3,000 to 4,000 trays that were in circulation at
Dalhousie each day. Distributions to Local Farms In order to reduce food waste
from ending up in the garbage, Princeton University (NJ) collects food waste
from dining halls

Reduce Plastic Bag Usage

 Dickenson College
(PA) started selling reusable bags to students to reduce waste at the dining
centers. The bags, made of organic and unbleached cotton, were primarily funded
by the administration, costing students only $3. To reduce plastic bag
consumption, bookstores at New York University have begun are donating 5 cents
to a nonprofit environmental organization for every plastic bag students refuse
at the register.

Minimizing Bottled Water Use

 Smith College (MA)
has removed bottled water from certain dining hall locations and distributes
polycarbonate bottles to students for water refills. Brandeis University (MA)
recently announced that they will stop selling bottled water on campus.

 

GREEN PROCUREMENT AND BUYING

·        
Paper purchased by the students should be
recycled

·        
Plastic bottles purchased should be reusable

·        
Bio-degradeable bags must be used instead of
plastic

 

IMPLEMENTATION

 

Recycled Paper

 Ohio
State University has adopted a new policy which ensures that copy paper used on
campus contains at least 30% recycled materials. The University of Vermont is
switching to 100% post-consumer recycled, chlorine-free paper for routine use
in copiers and printers. Also, many faculty members are making their courses
paper-less by having students hand in their assignments online. The Georgia
Institute of Technology is installing No-Touch Hands Free Paper Towel and
Tissue Dispensers, which will use Green Seal certified paper towels and toilet
tissue.

 

Computer Procurement Policies

 Tufts University (MA) has replaced CRT
monitors with LCD monitors, which use only about a third to one half the energy
of a CRT. The University of California adopted guidelines for buying greener
electronics, disposing of “e-waste” and socalled “take-back”
recycling, which places the burden of e-waste recycling and disposal on the
electronics manufacturers rather than the school. UC has a “take-back”
recycling policy in its purchasing contracts, which include a provision to send
back all electronics packaging. Purchase Reusable

 

To-Go Cafeteria Containers

Eckerd College (FL) switched to using the
EcoClamshell, a reusable to-go cafeteria container made out of a
dishwasher-safe plastic material. Students sign up for a container in the
cafeteria during any meal and are charged five dollars, covering the student’s
four years at Eckerd. Upon returning to the cafeteria, the student checks the
container back in and places it on the dishwasher conveyor, where it is
sanitized and put out for reuse. The initiative is the result of a $32,000
grant from the Environmental Research and Education Foundation.

 

 Biodegradable Dishware

 The
University of Wisconsin-Green Bay replaced foam and paper dishware with
biodegradable plates made from corn, potatoes, and limestone in each of the
university’s five dining facilities.

 

Reusable Bottles

 Brandeis University (MA) purchases and
distributes reusable aluminum water bottles to all of the approximately 1,000
first year students. The new students are expected to bring the bottles to all
orientation events in order to reduce plastic bottle and cup waste.

 

Green Cleaning Products

The University of Washington has a green
cleaning policy that states that the university will only use cleaning products
that meet Green Seal standard or products with low-volatile organic compounds
(VOC), purchase chemicals that are automatically and accurately diluted using
cold water, and use products that are packed with recycled materials.

 

Recycling Awareness

At the University of Colorado, a 250 square
foot structure filled with recyclable material was featured on campus to
represent the amount of material that CU recycling diverts from the landfill
every day. The University of Idaho sponsored a demonstration called “Trash
Talk” that advocated the slogan “Use Less, Recycle the Rest.” The students
sorted through residence hall dumpsters and displayed all of materials from the
garbage bags that could have been recycled, composted or reused. It was
estimated that about 10% of what was sorted constituted actual trash and the
rest could have been composted, recycled or reused.

 

Recycled Notebooks

 The
University of Michigan is taking steps to reduce paper consumption by starting a
student project that is turning discarded paper printed on one side into
100-page notebooks. Each notebook is bound with a cover made from a cereal box
which is being supplied by empty cereal boxes from residence halls. The group
produced 500, 8.5 by 11 inch notebooks that are .75 inches thick, and sell for
$1.

 

WATER AND WASTE MANGMENT

Water should be reused by treating it again and again

Rain water should be utilized

Waste water be made drinkable again

INPLEMENTATION

 

Reducing Campus Water Waste and
Consumption

 Motivated by strong student support and a long
history of drought, Duke University (NC) has reduced their water use by 26%
through several strategies—from low-flow showerhead giveaways to their
conservation website with over 300 water conservation tips. The university gave
away an initial batch of 5,000 low water flow showerheads to faculty, staff,
and offcampus students. The chrome Earth Massage showerheads use 1.5 gallons
per minute and will each save an estimated 7,300 gallons of water annually. In
order to reduce unnecessary water waste, Duke University has been taking steps
to decrease campus and facilities water consumption including stopping the use
of most automatic irrigation systems, using timers, reducing the watering of
its fields from 36 minutes to 6 minutes, and installing drought tolerant
landscaping. Additionally, the university’s Facilities Management Department
has stopped washing its fleet of 180 vehicles, except for windows which need to
remain clean for safety

 

Rainwater Harvesting

Yale University’s Kroon Hall has installed
an innovative rainwater harvesting system that will pay for itself in about 10
years and is expected to save 500,000 gallons of potable water annually. The
rainwater harvesting system will provide water for flushing toilets, as well as
for irrigating the native fauna in the two courtyards on the 3.5-acre site.
Cape Cod Community College (MA) has implemented water reduction features that
include: a water collection and reuse system that eliminates a permanent
irrigation system by using native, drought-resistant species in the
landscaping, and an 8,000- gallon system that collects rainwater from a rooftop
storm drain and stores it for reuse in flushing toilets.

 

 

REFERENCES

http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/eea/lbe/lbe-campus-sustain-practices.pdf

http://college.usatoday.com/2011/10/20/daily-tips-for-college-students-to-save-the-environment/

https://tribune.com.pk/story/1423281/chinese-company-plans-bus-manufacturing-plant-pakistan/

https://planonsoftware.com/us/whats-new/blog/how-universities-can-contribute-to-reducing-carbon-emissions.html

https://www.colorado.edu/ecenter/sites/default/files/attached-files/workbook_for_a_clean_energy_campus.pdf

 

Power generation /consumption

Solar/ Photovoltaic Energy

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

EME power
consumption of electricity is high due to large number of labs functioning
throughout the day including voluminous hostels and mess .power is also
required for lighting up the campus at night which spans over 3 acres and also
for heating in winters and cooling in summers

Instead this
can be done using solar energy, though initial coast is high but at this point
government through HEC is giving solar panels at subsidized rates. Each
department could house a number of solar panels on its roof, hostels roof could
be utilized to fulfill their energy requirements to some extent 

This can be done in two ways

1)use of solar energy
hand in hand with iesco supply

2)establish a small
solar farm in eme (in green spaces) to eliminate use of iesco supply altogether

EXAMPLE FROM AROUND THE WORLD

Although the
up-front costs of solar projects are usually high, there are utility and
government subsidies available to offset some of the initial investment. Thanks
in part to a $2.8 million utility subsidy, in 2007 California State University,
Fresno in partnership with Chevron Energy Solutions, completed a large-scale
solar parking project at the university that will supply 20% of the
university’s annual power needs. Ten structures provide shaded parking and a location
for 3,872 photovoltaic panels that generate 1.1 megawatts. At Cape Cod
Community College (MA) a solar array has been installed on the school’s new
science building. Combined with the dual occupancy/daylight sensors and
daylight controls, the building systems will use 35% less energy than
conventional systems

Solar Hot Water

Wright
Community College (IA) uses sunlight to heat water for its cafeteria and
science labs while the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay uses the system to
heat its indoor swimming pool. On the roof, 3,880 square feet of solar
collectors Massachusetts Maritime Academy wind turbine near the village of
Buzzards Bay in Bourne, MA. Photo: Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program. 8
preheat water for the pool. In 2005, the system saved 6,540 therms of natural
gas, which is equivalent to producing hot water for twenty residential
households.

 

Biomass Mixed with Fossil Fuels

 A less expensive alternative to an entirely
biomass or fossil fuel system is utilizing a mixture of biomass fuel with traditional
fossil fuels, such as coal, that can be burned in an existing boiler. The
University of Iowa uses the waste product from a nearby Quaker Oats factory
(oat hulls) to mix in with their coal before it is burned. Using a circulating
fluidized bed model, the oat hulls replace half of the coal in a boiler,
cutting $750,000 in fuel costs and 20,000 tons of GHG emissions per year.

ENERGY SAVING TECHNIQUES

In order to
reduce energy consumption, campuses can implement lower cost efficiency
upgrades, employ awareness building strategies around energy usage, and
behavior?changing tactics that offer the opportunity for increased student and
community member involvement.  

 “Go Cold Turkey” Energy Competition

 At Harvard University (MA) dormitories,
students turned off their computers, lights, appliances and heat before leaving
campus for the Thanksgiving holiday. Students saved about 329,000 kilowatt
hours of electrical energy, which is equivalent to the amount needed to power
5.5 million standard incandescent 60-watt light bulbs for one hour. Promoting
Campus-Wide Energy Conservation Emory University (GA) held an event where all
the key buildings went dark for one-half hour to promote awareness of energy
conservation. In addition to turning lights out on campus, Emory alumni
worldwide are encouraged to turn their lights out simultaneously during the
half-hour period.

Computer Energy Savings Program

The
University of Ohio uses Computer Management Software that shuts down computers
when they are not in use. It has saved the university 15,150,000 kilowatt hours
and 15,000 tons of CO2, which makes up 45% of their total computer energy use.
Carnegie Mellon University (PA) participates in EPA’s Energy Star Computer Monitor
Power Management Program: “Sleep is Good!,” which sets their computers to
sleep/standby mode. For more information:
http://www.energystar.gov/ia/business/healthcare/ashe_sep_oct_2003.pd f. Mount
Holyoke (MA) has enabled power management features on 2,800 computers, saving
574,000 kWh and 411 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. Graphic credit: www.energystar.gov

 EZ GPO Software by Energy Star

 EZ GPO is used to assess power management
settings of computers within a network and then sets appropriate energy-saving
power management settings for each workstation monitor. Pomona College (CA) was
able to save approximately $66 per school-owned computer, while reducing GHG
emissions by nearly half a ton of CO2 per year per computer. Universities can
also require students to install this software on their personal computers in
order to gain access to the school’s online network.

 Vending Misers

Vending
misers allow vending machines to turn machine lights off and cycle machines
when not in use while still keeping beverages cold. Vending misers cut energy
consumption in half for beverage vending machines. They were installed by Tufts
University (MA) on 90 machines, saving an estimated $17,000 and 100 tons of CO2
annually. The vending misers cost $165 per unit and save approximately $190 per
year.

This is
stated even though EME has only one vending machine but this fact is for future
references aslo

 Light Bulb Replacement

Replacing
traditional incandescent bulbs with CFLs can cut lighting costs by up to 75%.
The University of Tennessee purchased 1,760 CFLs to exchange for bulbs from
students’ desk lamps, saving $4,190 and 60 tons of CO2 in a single semester.
The University of Florida has replaced 3,700 incandescent light bulbs in
university-owned light fixtures with compact fluorescent bulbs in the 208
apartments, which they anticipate will save residents more than $15,000, and
will eliminate 200 tons of CO2 annually.

Day lighting

 Day lighting is the practice of placing windows,
or other transparent media, and reflective surfaces in buildings so that,
during the day, natural light provides effective internal illumination for
building users. Colleges and universities such as Cape Cod Community College
(MA) maximize the use of daylight in their new buildings in order to enhance
the interior environment for learning while reducing the energy consumption
that would require power generation for electrical lighting.

Green Roofs

A “green
roof” is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with
vegetation and soil. Green roofs provide energy savings (insulation for both
heating and cooling), water runoff reduction, increased roof lifespan,
aesthetic improvements, and other environmental benefits. Examples of
successful green roof projects include Carleton College (MN) and Massachusetts
College of Art. Carleton College has a 666 sq. ft. roof which is the first
student-designed and built green roof in the state of Minnesota. It is also the
first green roof project to use only plant species native to the state. The
University of Texas at Arlington recently installed a 1,000 square feet
experimental green roof with the help of volunteers. The project included the
installation of the roofing systems, irrigation, plants and about 30,000 pounds
of soil.

TRANSPORTATION

EME is a big campus but 
it’s not that big that students need car to commute from one dept to
another but there are many students who commute from home and faculty members
who come from outside

BICYCLES FOR STUDENTS

For students in campus transportation bicycle is the best
option this has been implemented in NUST H12 campus with the name of CYQIK this
might work in eme but on a smaller scale

EXAMPLE

Give Free Bicycles to First-Year
Students

 Ripon College (WI)
gives a free bike, helmet, and bike lock to the first 200 incoming freshman who
agree to leave their cars at home for the first year. Students must sign an
honor code in order to receive the $400 worth of equipment. The project was
made possible by college donors, trustees, alumni, a local lock company, and a
local bicycle corporation.

 Bike-Share Programs At St. Lawrence University
(NY)

 its Green Bikes
Program, started in 2005 with 10 bicycles, allows students to check out
bicycles for two days at a time with the same ID card they use to check out
books from the library. The Green Bikes Program also provides a helmet and
lock, and all the equipment is paid for by the student government.

Ride Your Bicycle to School

 The University of
Washington sponsors the Ride in the Rain Challenge every January, prompting 800
cyclists to commute by bike even during bad weather, saving a pound of CO2 for
each mile they pedal.

Bike Commuter Parking Pass

 Free one-day car
parking permits are now available to Duke University (NC) bike commuters.
Students and employees who rely primarily on their bikes to commute to campus
can receive up to 12 one-day parking passes, allowing them to park in visitor
lots around campus at no cost when weather conditions or other needs demand
they bring a car to campus.

CHANGING MT/CONVERTING FROM DIESEL TO
HYBRID

The buses of EME are diesel run which emit a lot of carbon
in to the atmosphere these buses can be changed to hybrid which will be eco
friendly or to completely electric, the newer buses will be expensive but will
save on fuel

HOW CAN EME GET
HYBRID BUSES

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has indeed
opened several avenues for business ventures that were previously unexplored
between Pakistan and China.

In one such development, a renowned Chinese company –
Yutong Bus – has expressed interest in investing in inter-city and intra-city
bus services in Sindh.(the Express
Tribune 31st March 2017)

Yutong bus sells electric and hybrid buses. Peshawar BRT
system has purchased hybrid buses from yutong

 

EXAMPLE

Public Transit Systems/ Shuttle Buses

The University of California, Davis and the City of Davis,
have partnered to provide Unitrans, a public transportation system that
services all of Davis, with more than forty buses on fifteen routes carrying
more 20,000 Davis residents a day, and more than 3 million passengers a year.
Cornell University (NY) issues free bus passes to all new students.

Vehicle Fleet Efficiency

 Columbia University
(NY) is introducing hybrid cars into its patrol fleet as older vehicles are
retired, with a goal of eventually replacing the entire fleet. The hybrid
vehicles offer more than 70% better city fuel economy than the department’s
older vehicles and are expected to save an estimated 2,200 gallons of gas per
year.

CARPOOLING FOR FACULTY AND STUDENTS

This technique helps in reducing crowding of cars in campus
and reduces the amounts of emissions to negligible

 

Carpooling Programs

 The University of
Washington launched its U-Pass program to offer commuter alternatives to single
occupant vehicles such as public transit, carpools, vanpools, bicycling perks,
emergency rides home, car-sharing and even discounts at local merchants for
U-Pass holders. Even as UW grows, this effort cuts the number of cars driving
to campus by 10,000 vehicles per day. The University of Michigan launched
GreenRide, a web-based, geographic information system ride-matching
application. GreenRide allows potential carpoolers to find ride-sharing
partners by searching for other UM staff who live close by or on the commute
route, and who have similar work schedules. Additionally, the University’s
Carpool Program allows fellow carpoolers to split the cost of one parking permit
using payroll deduction. New university carpoolers will get a 10% reduction in
the shared parking permit fee for the first six months of the program and they
will be entered in weekly drawings for $25 gas card prizes.

Car-Sharing Programs

 Car-sharing companies
such as Zipcar allow students to leave campus to get to places that they
otherwise couldn’t by public transportation. Zipcar offers hybrids and other
efficient models and claims that each of its cars takes twenty private vehicles
off the road. There are also local car-sharing programs such as Community Car
based in Madison, Wisconsin which provides fourteen cars and a pickup truck to
the entire city, with seven cars located on the University of Wisconsin-Madison

Campus. Tufts University (MA) partnered with Zipcar to
implement a car-sharing program on campus, using two hybridelectric Toyota
Priuses and two plug-in electric Toyota RAV4s. Tufts faculty, staff, and
students can buy membership at a reduced rate (which covers insurance,
maintenance, and gas) and reserve a car by phone or Internet.

 Faculty and Staff Commuting

The University of California, Los Angeles created a vanpool
program (owned and operated by the university) that provides commuter service
for faculty, staff and students aboard one of the150 UCLA commuter vanpools,
which service 85 communities. Additionally, UCLA has partnerships with
municipal bus lines allowing faculty and staff to use the UCLA subsidized Go
Metro pass.

 

FOOD

Eme has a number of cafes and a mess the produce used in it
can be locally procured from around EME in walking distance or can be grown by
grounds keeper and students and in the provided green belts

This will reduce the transportation cost of the produce and
also this will be organic farming free of use of excessive pesticides and
chemicals

Use of plastic and paper plates must be eliminated for
serving food as these plates are not reusable and waste a lot of paper/
resources ,usable plates for serving food must be used

Campuses are buying locally?grown and organic food in order
to reduce the use of fossil fuels in almost every step of conventional food
production: from the operation of planting, harvesting, and irrigation
equipment to the production, transportation, and application of pesticides and
fertilizers. Increasingly, university dining services are starting sustainable
dining initiatives that are based on seasonality, prioritizing food that is
sourced locally from farmers who practice sustainable agriculture.  

IMPLEMENTATION /EXAMPLE

Organic Food

 Maharishi
University’s (IA) new student center dining hall is serving 100% vegetarian and
90 – 95% organic food. Campus farms provide the school with fruits and
vegetables during the summer, and campus greenhouses offer tomatoes and greens
during the winter.

Keeping it Local

 At Santa Clara
University (CA), 80% of the produce served comes from local farms. At Smith
College (MA) dining services purchase organic produce, dairy, and honey from
eighteen local farms. Stanford University (CA) supports community-based
growers, by buying milk and meat locally, utilizing biodegradable food
containers and utensils, and creating educational opportunities by inviting
local farmers and fishermen to meet with students in the dining halls.

 Gardens and Farming

 Eastern Mennonite
University (VA) has recently started a campus garden to provide part of the
produce for the campus. The initiative began with a campus-wide forum; How
Green Should EMU Be?, that revealed a widespread interest among students,
faculty, staff, and the community. The Western Washington University campus has
a five-acre farm and community garden with forty available plots for students
to grow anything as long as it is organic. At Hampshire College (MA), work-study
and summer internship positions are available for students who are interested
in working with the community supported agriculture program.

Cage Free Eggs

Wilfrid Laurier University in Ontario, Canada switched to
cage-free eggs after students were surveyed through an online poll to determine
that 68% of students were willing to pay an extra 10 cents per egg. However,
Food Services decided to cover the extra cost.

Composting

 Connecticut College
has a composting system on campus which redirects 500 pounds of waste daily and
was made possible by a $25,000 donation from an alumnus. In 2000, Bard College
(NY) started a dorm composting program where each week a team of paid
“Composting Commandos” take buckets from the dorm kitchens and bring the food waste
to compost bins at the community garden.

“Going Trayless”/REMOVING USE OF
PLASTIC CUTLERY AND PLATES

 Dalhousie University
in Halifax, Canada recently implemented a policy that eliminates trays from all
four of its campus dining halls. The initiative serves to reduce food waste
because students take less food, as well as water and detergent consumption during
the cleaning process of the 3,000 to 4,000 trays that were in circulation at
Dalhousie each day. Distributions to Local Farms In order to reduce food waste
from ending up in the garbage, Princeton University (NJ) collects food waste
from dining halls

Reduce Plastic Bag Usage

 Dickenson College
(PA) started selling reusable bags to students to reduce waste at the dining
centers. The bags, made of organic and unbleached cotton, were primarily funded
by the administration, costing students only $3. To reduce plastic bag
consumption, bookstores at New York University have begun are donating 5 cents
to a nonprofit environmental organization for every plastic bag students refuse
at the register.

Minimizing Bottled Water Use

 Smith College (MA)
has removed bottled water from certain dining hall locations and distributes
polycarbonate bottles to students for water refills. Brandeis University (MA)
recently announced that they will stop selling bottled water on campus.

 

GREEN PROCUREMENT AND BUYING

·        
Paper purchased by the students should be
recycled

·        
Plastic bottles purchased should be reusable

·        
Bio-degradeable bags must be used instead of
plastic

 

IMPLEMENTATION

 

Recycled Paper

 Ohio
State University has adopted a new policy which ensures that copy paper used on
campus contains at least 30% recycled materials. The University of Vermont is
switching to 100% post-consumer recycled, chlorine-free paper for routine use
in copiers and printers. Also, many faculty members are making their courses
paper-less by having students hand in their assignments online. The Georgia
Institute of Technology is installing No-Touch Hands Free Paper Towel and
Tissue Dispensers, which will use Green Seal certified paper towels and toilet
tissue.

 

Computer Procurement Policies

 Tufts University (MA) has replaced CRT
monitors with LCD monitors, which use only about a third to one half the energy
of a CRT. The University of California adopted guidelines for buying greener
electronics, disposing of “e-waste” and socalled “take-back”
recycling, which places the burden of e-waste recycling and disposal on the
electronics manufacturers rather than the school. UC has a “take-back”
recycling policy in its purchasing contracts, which include a provision to send
back all electronics packaging. Purchase Reusable

 

To-Go Cafeteria Containers

Eckerd College (FL) switched to using the
EcoClamshell, a reusable to-go cafeteria container made out of a
dishwasher-safe plastic material. Students sign up for a container in the
cafeteria during any meal and are charged five dollars, covering the student’s
four years at Eckerd. Upon returning to the cafeteria, the student checks the
container back in and places it on the dishwasher conveyor, where it is
sanitized and put out for reuse. The initiative is the result of a $32,000
grant from the Environmental Research and Education Foundation.

 

 Biodegradable Dishware

 The
University of Wisconsin-Green Bay replaced foam and paper dishware with
biodegradable plates made from corn, potatoes, and limestone in each of the
university’s five dining facilities.

 

Reusable Bottles

 Brandeis University (MA) purchases and
distributes reusable aluminum water bottles to all of the approximately 1,000
first year students. The new students are expected to bring the bottles to all
orientation events in order to reduce plastic bottle and cup waste.

 

Green Cleaning Products

The University of Washington has a green
cleaning policy that states that the university will only use cleaning products
that meet Green Seal standard or products with low-volatile organic compounds
(VOC), purchase chemicals that are automatically and accurately diluted using
cold water, and use products that are packed with recycled materials.

 

Recycling Awareness

At the University of Colorado, a 250 square
foot structure filled with recyclable material was featured on campus to
represent the amount of material that CU recycling diverts from the landfill
every day. The University of Idaho sponsored a demonstration called “Trash
Talk” that advocated the slogan “Use Less, Recycle the Rest.” The students
sorted through residence hall dumpsters and displayed all of materials from the
garbage bags that could have been recycled, composted or reused. It was
estimated that about 10% of what was sorted constituted actual trash and the
rest could have been composted, recycled or reused.

 

Recycled Notebooks

 The
University of Michigan is taking steps to reduce paper consumption by starting a
student project that is turning discarded paper printed on one side into
100-page notebooks. Each notebook is bound with a cover made from a cereal box
which is being supplied by empty cereal boxes from residence halls. The group
produced 500, 8.5 by 11 inch notebooks that are .75 inches thick, and sell for
$1.

 

WATER AND WASTE MANGMENT

Water should be reused by treating it again and again

Rain water should be utilized

Waste water be made drinkable again

INPLEMENTATION

 

Reducing Campus Water Waste and
Consumption

 Motivated by strong student support and a long
history of drought, Duke University (NC) has reduced their water use by 26%
through several strategies—from low-flow showerhead giveaways to their
conservation website with over 300 water conservation tips. The university gave
away an initial batch of 5,000 low water flow showerheads to faculty, staff,
and offcampus students. The chrome Earth Massage showerheads use 1.5 gallons
per minute and will each save an estimated 7,300 gallons of water annually. In
order to reduce unnecessary water waste, Duke University has been taking steps
to decrease campus and facilities water consumption including stopping the use
of most automatic irrigation systems, using timers, reducing the watering of
its fields from 36 minutes to 6 minutes, and installing drought tolerant
landscaping. Additionally, the university’s Facilities Management Department
has stopped washing its fleet of 180 vehicles, except for windows which need to
remain clean for safety

 

Rainwater Harvesting

Yale University’s Kroon Hall has installed
an innovative rainwater harvesting system that will pay for itself in about 10
years and is expected to save 500,000 gallons of potable water annually. The
rainwater harvesting system will provide water for flushing toilets, as well as
for irrigating the native fauna in the two courtyards on the 3.5-acre site.
Cape Cod Community College (MA) has implemented water reduction features that
include: a water collection and reuse system that eliminates a permanent
irrigation system by using native, drought-resistant species in the
landscaping, and an 8,000- gallon system that collects rainwater from a rooftop
storm drain and stores it for reuse in flushing toilets.

 

 

REFERENCES

http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/eea/lbe/lbe-campus-sustain-practices.pdf

http://college.usatoday.com/2011/10/20/daily-tips-for-college-students-to-save-the-environment/

https://tribune.com.pk/story/1423281/chinese-company-plans-bus-manufacturing-plant-pakistan/

https://planonsoftware.com/us/whats-new/blog/how-universities-can-contribute-to-reducing-carbon-emissions.html

https://www.colorado.edu/ecenter/sites/default/files/attached-files/workbook_for_a_clean_energy_campus.pdf

 

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