Pharmacy is defined by providing services andproducts as one of the healthcare profession to the public since a few decadesago. Pharmacyis the healthcare profession that links the health sciences with the basicsciences. It has an important role to ensuring the safe and effective use ofmedication. Pharmacists’ professional roles and responsibilities have evolved fromonly focus on medication compounding and dispensing to extended pharmaceuticalcare services(Azhar et al., 2009).
In Malaysia, bothprescribing and dispensing rights still lie with private physician in privateclinics so physicians’ prescriptions are preferred. The responsibilities of pharmacistsare screening, dispensing inspection, medication instruction, inpatientpharmaceutical services and only pharmacists can dispense high-risk drugs for patientsafety measurement. Other pharmaceutical care service provided by pharmacistsinclude prepare total parenteral nutrition (TPN), monitor drug interactions andside effects. Other than that pharmacists also have to inspect the patients’hospital medical records all the time to ensure patient safety(Inoue et al., 2016).
Pharmacist can be classified as one of theexample of white collar workers. White collar worker is a person work in anoffice or other administrative setting who performs professional oradministrative skills. According to studies in Poland, physical inactivity ismonitored by physical activity status assessment that based on globalrecommendations for health. Physical inactivity is one of the main risk factorsof non-communicable disease. Furthermore, physical inactivity is partly due toinsufficient participation in physical activity during leisure time and anincrease in sedentary behavior during daily activities. White-collar workers belongto the study group are at high risk of physical inactivity compare to otherstudy group. Although World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Collegeof Sports Medicine (ACSM) promote that adequate physical activity is beneficialfor health, the physical activity status in the study group of white-collarworkers was worrying(Nawrocka, Mynarski, Cholewa, & Garbaciak, 2017).
In Malaysia, there was no study conducted onthe physical activity status of Malaysian pharmacists. Most of the study wasconduct on Malaysian adults which the physical activity status of them is alsonot very promising. Other than that, the drawback of the study was it did notinclude the associations between physical activity, nutritional status andchronic diseases. From the studies, it was reported that Malaysian adultpopulation is considered sedentary.
The sedentary behavior of the population iddue to insufficient participation in exercise and only minimal time is spent onvigorous intensity activities, such as sports and swimming. Choice of transportation also tendedtowards the passive transportation. There are also association between thegender differences and physical activity participation. These differences couldbe due to the differing nature of the men and women, as well as to the differinglifestyle of urban and rural populations(Poh et al., 2010).The purpose of thisstudy was to identify the factor affecting physical activity status of Malaysianpharmacists.