Part A3 General Principles of Team SportsPossession- Having control of the ball, frisbee, etc gives you the probability of being the team to score/earn a point. Passing- Passing the ball frisbee, etc to where the receiver is expected to be. Chest or feet facing the direction you want the ball, frisbee, etc to go. Best way to exchange the ball, frisbee, etc from one player to another2. 10 Basic Rules of VolleyballThe court is divided in half by a net, (1)if you are taking part in a play you can not touch the net or cross the middle line. (2)6 Players from each team are on the court at a time. When the volleyball is served by team A team B only has (3)3 hits to get the ball back to the other side of the court. When hitting the ball (4)you can use any part of your body but a (5)player can not hit the ball twice in a row (blocks not included) and (6)the ball may not come to a stop (hold, or catch the ball). Once a team earns a point and regains possession (7)their six players rotate clockwise and (8)whoever is in the first position serves the ball to the other team. The (9)serves must stay within the boundaries and (10)make it over the net. Team with the most points at the end of the game wins.3. In volleyball, you can only contact the ball twice in a row if one of the contacts was a block or if it comes from a reception of a hard serve/spike. If a blocker blocks an attack they can then hit the ball a second time to send it over the net. If you are forced to your knees to stop a serve or spike from hitting the floor you are allowed to contact the ball twice. 4. 10 Basic Rules of SoccerA soccer game starts with a (1)kick off in the centre of the field captains of the teams usually flip a coin to choose who gets first kick. There are (2)2 teams of 7-11 players (3)each of these players must wear cleats, shin pads, and socks that cover their shin pads. One of these players is the team’s goalie. The goalie defends the net where the ball is scored and is (4)allowed to contact the ball with his hands within his 18-yard box. (5)When any other player touches the ball using their hands, arms, or shoulders it is considered a handball and the opposing team will be awarded a free kick. The soccer field has 4 sides and those are your boundary lines. (6)If you kick the ball out of either side of the rectangle the other team is awarded a throw-in. (7)If you kick the ball out on your goal line the other team is awarded a corner kick. (8)If you kick the ball out on the other team’s goal line the other team is awarded a goal kick. When a team is bringing the ball to the net (9)if the offensive player is closer to the defenders net than the defenders are it is considered offside and the defensive team is awarded a free kick. (10)Once a goal is scored there’s kickoff in the centre, the team that did not score gets the kick. Team with the most points at the end of the game wins.5. Forehand Flick, Ultimate FrisbeeStart on balls of feet shoulder-width apart.Throw with your elbow close to your hipPut pressure between your fingers and the disk, so the disk is straight and there is less movement/wobbling.End with your palm facing upwards, keep the disk parallel to the ground so it doesn’t roll.Finish with your shoulders facing your target.Part BThe importance of the order of the hierarchy of needs is that it’s believed that you need to satisfy the needs on the bottom of the pyramid before you can focus on the needs higher up on the pyramid Coping Strategies for StressProgressive Muscle Relaxation- Hold tension in one section of your body and then release it.Deep Breathing- Breathing to 8-counts lowers your heart rate and your blood pressure, reducing the effects adrenaline has on your body during a stressful situation.Visualizing- Imagine a stressful situation that you’re awaiting going the best way it could possibly go before it happens.Yoga- Combination of regular exercise and deep breathing lowering your heart rate while still having a positive physical effect on your body.Laugh- Laughing releases dopamine, which gives us feelings of happiness. 3. How Acceptance and Forgiveness Apply to my Stress LevelGrudges and arguments are usually a result of long-standing anger which causes a fight-or-flight response. Like we discussed in class that “fight-or-flight” feeling can change your heart rate and your blood pressure. Forgiveness or acceptance, letting go of your anger towards things ultimately calms stress levels.4. The relationship between Stress and mental illnessMental Illness- Chemical imbalances in your brain that negatively affect your physical and/or emotional being.Stress-to-Mental Illness Stress can lead to depression and multiple other mental illnesses like anxiety, and bipolar disorder. Using maladaptive coping strategies like suppression, projection, or regression to cope with your stress are not ways of reducing stress but increasing it. They are all ways of not accepting how you really feel and forcing your mind to not express its emotions which puts even more stress on your mind. This eventually causes the suppressed, projected, or regressed emotions to periodically come out all at once when your mind cant use these strategies anymore and that’s what depressive episodes, anxiety attacks, and large changes between a mania or hypomania state of mindMental Illness-to-StressMental Illness can lead to more stress on your mind especially if you are not yet aware of your illness, have not been (properly) diagnosed, or are new to its symptoms. Not being used to the ways you’re feeling, or not being aware of why you’re feeling these ways puts exaggerated stress on your mind.Part CAcceleration Running 3-5 steps (or from one line to another) and coming to an abrupt stop.Line HopsHopping over a line forwards and backwards: knees bent shoulder-width apart, on balls of feet. Hoping sideways left to right over a line: knees bent shoulder-width apart, on balls of feet.Side ShufflesSidestep in squat position without crossing feet/legs.Karaoke (Carioca)Sidestepping while crossing one leg/foot over another.A Skips Marching with high knees. Knee coming above the hip and foot coming back down fast. Using momentum to bring the other knee up. B SkipsA’s marching with high knees but extending the leg as you bring it down (falling farther in front of you than A’s) and pulling foot in line with your hip, towards your other foot.