Pakistani Bina Shah’s Slum Child (2010) which is

Pakistani literature has also adopted this genre and produced a number of literary pieces. For instance, Bapsi Sidhwa, who is a Pakistani English writer. She has written about the subaltern minorities (Zoroastrians) in Pakistan. Bina Shah another Pakistani writer has also written about the marginalized minorities in Pakistan.  Bina Shah’s Slum Child (2010) which is the story of a nine-year old Punjabi Christian girl, Laila Massih, an unlucky girl who experiences the death of her adored sister Jumana, emotional breakdown of her mother Zainab, forsaking of her father, physical threats from her uncle.

  Uzma Aslam Khan’s Trespassing is a novel about marginalized community in Pakistani Rural Sindh.  Trespassing is a story of Salaamat who is troubled to classify himself with the land of his origins. He is a warm-hearted boy who belongs to fishermen community in the village of the coast of Sindh. He is disturbed when he comes to know that “the foreign trawlers have stolen their sea”. Mohsin Hamid’s Moth Smoke (2000) is set in a separated Lahore of rich and poor. It is a story of Darashikoh Shehzad, also called Daru, an account manager who is fired from his banking job. He is disregarded as a working-class common man by the rich class of the society. Moth Smoke is about the reality of elite class and downgrading of working class through the economic restrictions created by the leading groups of the society to keep these working-class subaltern groups at the periphery. Moreover, Mian Raza Rabbani and Athar Tahir has also written about subalterns in Pakistani society.

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In Pakistani literature, Muhammad Hanif is an important name. His novel “Our Lady of Alice Bhatti” is an important contribution in the subaltern studies. This novel deal with the subjugation and suppression of females in a postcolonial and subaltern society. Alice Bhatti of Mohammad Hanif’s Our Lady of Alice Bhatti (2011) is also exposed to extreme subalternization by settling to almost all the subaltern classes of the society i.e. woman, nurse, Christian, poor etc. and therefore, she experiences gender, ethnic and religious violence. She is a nurse in Sacred Heart Hospital for All Ailments, Karachi. This profession is an important part of health care system as nurses take care of individuals and families but in a patriarchal society this profession is helpless to subalternity and oppression. As a nurse she is treated like “garbage bins in uniform” in the operation theatre (p. 175).


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