Pain (Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G., Hall,

Pain
is experienced by all individuals across all ages and cultures around the
globe. However, it is defined differently according to the perception of the pain
depending on the culture and the past experience.  For instance, the International association of
pain defines it as an “unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated
with actual or potential tissue damage.” (Linton, 2005, p.213). Comparatively, the
Japanese culture defines it as “itami,
means extraordinary state
of something without
containing the meaning of punishment.” (Hoka 2004). Furthermore,
Hoka (2004), explains this is because the “Japanese who originally have view of life
of empathy and assimilation with the nature,
have tended not to
regard the pain as
the object being overcome.” (Hoka, 2004).  This demonstrates the importance of culture
and its   influence on an individual’s experience in
relation to the pain.  Hence, understanding
that culture and its relationship to the pain is necessary for the healthcare
team to provide culturally sensitive and competent care because it
“…represents behavior patterns or beliefs that define a group.” (Alverdo,
2008, p.4). Therefore, this paper will examine the nature of pain, the relationship
between the chosen culture and pain and the nurses’ appropriate interventions. As
suggested by Alvaredo (2008), “pain is best understood when culture is taken
into to consideration.” (Alvaredo, 2008).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natures of pain

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Evidence show previously pain was accepted as a symptom of a
diseases. However, “now pain is understood to be complex, and chronic pain is
considered to be a disease in its own right.” (Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G.,
Hall, A., & Stockert, P. A., p.1018). 
It comprises of other factors such as “affective (emotional),
cognitive, behavioral, and sensory components that are shaped by past
experience, culture, and situational factors.” (Potter et al., 2014, p.1018). In
addition, Potter et al (2014) state, the trigger for pain can be physical, psychological
or both. The physical factors identified are; “pain threshold, pain tolerance,
age, physical activity and nervous system integrity and surgery and anesthesia.
Psychological factors that influence response to pain include culture,
religion, past experiences with pain, anxiety and situational factors.”  (Linton, 2005, p.215). An example of
psychological pain can be a break up with a friend or a boyfriend, it does not
necessarily have to have physical manifestation to be treated. As a nurse, our
job is to provide healing in all aspects through compassion, understanding and
empathy.

According Linton (2005), there are three types of pain widely
recognized by the health care team, these are; acute that lasts 3-6months, chronic,
which lasts longer than 6months and cancer related pain. Therefore, as a health
care provider understanding these concepts about pain can aid in developing the
right care of plan for the patient that caters to the patient’s needs.

Relationship between
ethnic background and pain

In
the Japanese culture “the belief that health and illness are determined from
harmony and balance between oneself, society and the universe are foundations
found within Shinto and Buddhism religions.” (Alvarado, 2008, p.25). As healthcare
provider, one must acknowledge and familiarized oneself with this belief to
provide a culturally competent care. Furthermore, it is also believed that pain
is “result of imbalance, which may be lack of sleep, poor diet, or from loss of
spiritual, family or environmental harmony.” (Alvarado, 2008). Therefore,
identifying underlying cause of pain according to the patient’s culture is
crucial to develop the appropriate course of treatment. These would include
providing balanced diet, enough sleep and privacy to practice any rituals that
the facility may allow. This not only shows respect to the client but also
earns the trust of the client to build a therapeutic relationship between the
healthcare provider and the patient. 

Pain
is experienced by all individuals across all ages and cultures around the
globe. However, it is defined differently according to the perception of the pain
depending on the culture and the past experience.  For instance, the International association of
pain defines it as an “unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated
with actual or potential tissue damage.” (Linton, 2005, p.213). Comparatively, the
Japanese culture defines it as “itami,
means extraordinary state
of something without
containing the meaning of punishment.” (Hoka 2004). Furthermore,
Hoka (2004), explains this is because the “Japanese who originally have view of life
of empathy and assimilation with the nature,
have tended not to
regard the pain as
the object being overcome.” (Hoka, 2004).  This demonstrates the importance of culture
and its   influence on an individual’s experience in
relation to the pain.  Hence, understanding
that culture and its relationship to the pain is necessary for the healthcare
team to provide culturally sensitive and competent care because it
“…represents behavior patterns or beliefs that define a group.” (Alverdo,
2008, p.4). Therefore, this paper will examine the nature of pain, the relationship
between the chosen culture and pain and the nurses’ appropriate interventions. As
suggested by Alvaredo (2008), “pain is best understood when culture is taken
into to consideration.” (Alvaredo, 2008).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natures of pain

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Evidence show previously pain was accepted as a symptom of a
diseases. However, “now pain is understood to be complex, and chronic pain is
considered to be a disease in its own right.” (Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G.,
Hall, A., & Stockert, P. A., p.1018). 
It comprises of other factors such as “affective (emotional),
cognitive, behavioral, and sensory components that are shaped by past
experience, culture, and situational factors.” (Potter et al., 2014, p.1018). In
addition, Potter et al (2014) state, the trigger for pain can be physical, psychological
or both. The physical factors identified are; “pain threshold, pain tolerance,
age, physical activity and nervous system integrity and surgery and anesthesia.
Psychological factors that influence response to pain include culture,
religion, past experiences with pain, anxiety and situational factors.”  (Linton, 2005, p.215). An example of
psychological pain can be a break up with a friend or a boyfriend, it does not
necessarily have to have physical manifestation to be treated. As a nurse, our
job is to provide healing in all aspects through compassion, understanding and
empathy.

According Linton (2005), there are three types of pain widely
recognized by the health care team, these are; acute that lasts 3-6months, chronic,
which lasts longer than 6months and cancer related pain. Therefore, as a health
care provider understanding these concepts about pain can aid in developing the
right care of plan for the patient that caters to the patient’s needs.

Relationship between
ethnic background and pain

In
the Japanese culture “the belief that health and illness are determined from
harmony and balance between oneself, society and the universe are foundations
found within Shinto and Buddhism religions.” (Alvarado, 2008, p.25). As healthcare
provider, one must acknowledge and familiarized oneself with this belief to
provide a culturally competent care. Furthermore, it is also believed that pain
is “result of imbalance, which may be lack of sleep, poor diet, or from loss of
spiritual, family or environmental harmony.” (Alvarado, 2008). Therefore,
identifying underlying cause of pain according to the patient’s culture is
crucial to develop the appropriate course of treatment. These would include
providing balanced diet, enough sleep and privacy to practice any rituals that
the facility may allow. This not only shows respect to the client but also
earns the trust of the client to build a therapeutic relationship between the
healthcare provider and the patient. 

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