One of the most important is to know about ADHD. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental illness, also called psychiatric disorder. Usually, ADHD diagnosed in school-aged children. Many children with ADHD faced difficulties in their studies and follow instructions, and these characteristics create problems in school and at home. How children or adults with ADHD are diagnosed is a controversial topic. In this article, first, we will review behavioral issues in children caused by ADHD, types of behavior disorders, causes, and symptoms. Second, we will describe How ADHD is diagnosed in children.
Types of Behavior Disorders:
Approximately, 50% of children with ADHD develop two similar disorders; conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Common symptoms of ODD in children are irritable moods, vindictiveness towards to you, impatience, arguing, ignore requests, a frequent pattern of anger and engage in the annoying behavior. And almost, one-third to one-half of all children with ADHD has ODD. But in some cases, children with ADHD sometimes develop CD. Frequently, these children are disobedient and have disruptive behavior. Conduct disorder may occur in 45% of the teenager and 25% of Children with ADHD. Both Oppositional defiant disorders (ODD) and Conduct disorder (CD) occurs equally in boys and girls. But it is more common in boys. Conduct disorder (CD) involves serious behaviors including continuum lying, demolition of property and aggressiveness behavior toward people. Sometimes even the best-behaved child denounces. Usually, every parent of a child with ODD or CD knows how to deal ADD or ADHD behavior problems. But nearly half of all parents who have children with attention deficit disorder live with severe behavior.
Causes and Risk Factors for Behavior Disorders:
It is estimated that about 10.2% of all children will develop ODD/CD. The specific cause of ODD still cannot be founded. Usually, believe that a combination of factors work together towards causing a person to develop the symptoms of ODD. Here we discuss various causes and factors that may play a role in the development of the oppositional defiant disorder.
Genetic: Generally, children who are diagnosed with ODD/CD to have family members who also suffer from the psychiatric disorder or mental illness. Such illness can include irritable moods, anxiety disorder, and vindictiveness.
Physical: The appearance of ODD symptoms has been associated with the existence of abnormal amounts of certain brain chemicals. These brain chemicals also called neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters helping to keep the brain chemicals themselves balanced properly. When an imbalance exists, neurotransmitters unable to communicate properly with other aspects of the brain, symptoms of ODD may occur.
Environmental: The environment has a significant effect on him or her whether or not may fall into symptoms of ODD. If a child is surrounded by a somewhat chaotic home life (where arguments and violence) are prevalent, then the child may be correlated with the onset of ODD.
• Family Discord
• Abuse / neglect
• Substance abuse
• Exposure to violence
• Inconsistent discipline
• Dysfunctional Families
• Inconsistent parenting
• History of mental illness
Signs and Symptoms of Behavior Disorders:
The signs and symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder will vary from one to another. There may also be a significant difference in how the symptoms present in boys and girls. Here few examples of signs and symptoms are given that may be evidence that a child has ODD.
• Annoyed by life
• Seeking revenge
• Negative Thinking
• Lack of Confidence
• Arguing and fighting
• Vindictive and spiteful
• Difficulty Concentrating
• Unwilling to compromise
• Superiority towards others
• Blames others for mistakes
• Willingly destroying friendship
• Losing tempers and disobeys rules
Treatment of Behavior Disorders:
ODD is a childhood disorder. Children with ODD/CD will argue with adults, disobey rules made by adults and feel chronic anger and resentment towards anyone around them. Children with ADHD or ODD/CD develop serious behavior problems whether they had a diagnosis of ODD/CD or not. Treatment for ODD/CD is varying on many factors, including severity of symptoms and child’s age. Usually, ADHD or ODD/CD treatment consists of a combination of Parent Training, psychotherapy and Medication.
Psychotherapy also known cognitive therapy aims to reshape the child’s thinking to improve behavior.
For Children with ADHD Stimulant medication that help to improve behavior. Prescribed medications for ADHD treatment are:
Parent Training Programs:
The most effective treatment is Parent training. Usually, parent training consists of a combination of the following:
· Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)
· Parent Management Training (PMT)
· Defiant Teens
· Positive Parenting Program (PPP)
Effects & Co-Occurring Disorders:
Children who have ADHD or ODD/CD not receive treatment may suffer from long-lasting effects. Such effects can include social isolation, lack of friendship, and difficulty in educational settings. If the disorder remains untreated, then may suffer ongoing patterns of relationship conflicts, trying to control others and arguing with authority figures. Some other disorder that may overlap with the presence of ADHD or CDD/CD can include:
· Bipolar disorder
· Anxiety disorders
· Language disorders
· Depressive disorders
· Intermittent explosive disorder
· Intellectual developmental disorder