One of the main concerns of most language learners is how to
improve their speaking skill. Speaking has been considered as the most
important skill for several reasons.as you know major focuses of language
teaching researches is on speaking skill. large number of conversation and
other speaking course book are published. many people regard speaking skill as
the measure of knowing the language. language learners consider speaking as the
most important skill that they can acquire.
At present the need for speaking is increasing because of
strengthening position of English and we need it for international
communication. multinational companies encouraged a great number of people around
the world to learn English.
it is better to find instructional methods, activities and other
requirements that will help the learners to learn speaking skill. some EFL learners
believed that it is difficult to master speaking skill. If the students fail to
learn how to speak or if they don’t have good opportunity to speak , they will
lose their interest and they may get soon de-motivated in learning the
In our lives we speak more than we write, many teachers spend the
most of class time to reading and writing and ignore speaking skill, and this
is not true.
In fact, speaking is so integrated with our daily interactions. the
best way to describe speaking from past up to now is by its feature, its
function and its conditions.
Developing speaking skills
help students develop communicative effectively in speaking, instructors can use activities that can combine language
input and communicative output. Language out put gives learners the material
they need to begin producing language. Language
input may be form oriented or content oriented. .
Content-oriented input concentrate on information for example report or a
lecture on academic topic. this kind of input include explanation of learning strategies and
examples of their use. The teacher combines content-oriented and form-oriented
input. The amount
of input that is used in the target language depends on students’ situation and
their proficiency level .