One along with technological innovations. New types of

   One of the major events of the 17 centurieswas the industrial revolution of Europe. “The industrial revolution began in Englandin the 1770s and 1780s in textile manufacturing and spread from there acrossthe continent” (Hunt, 2012, 686). This revolution was marked by three segmentseach of which was associated with different regions as well as technology.

Thestructure of the economy changed along with technological innovations. New typesof investments shifted the focus to the manufacturing in the newly built large-scalefactories.Thesisstatement: The basic concept associated with theindustrial revolution was to shift the economy from the agrarian sector toindustrial and commercial sectors.            TheIndustrial revolution has a deep-rooted impact on the society and culture ofthe European nations and these countries utilized the new sources forrevolutionizing production. There were three levels in which, Britain initiatedthe initial phase. It was then followed by France and Germany while the thirdphase industrialized Italy, Austria, Russia, and Prussia.            Therevolution had far-reaching social impacts, which varied across region as wellas class. New class and family structure emerged for adjusting to new wagecommercialization and production that shifted from the house to large industries(Fernihough and Kevin 2014).

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Capitalismoriginated from industrialization that greatly impacted social structure.Industrial revolution caused a mass migration to the urban and semi-urban areasfrom rural places for employment.            Theculture of Europe was also influenced by the industrial revolution where theclass discrimination became prominent. Before the revolution, the society wasdivided into two classes elites and poor, but a new class was introduced which consistedof entrepreneurs, lawyers, teachers, and physicians. They were the middle classor bourgeoisie (De Pleijt, Alexandra and Jan2016). The industrial revolution lead to the ill-treatment of women andchildren that prompted “the Factory Act of 1883 in Great Britain, whichoutlawed the employment of children under the age of nine in textile mills (exceptin the lace and silk industries); it also limited the workdays for those agesnine to thirteen to nine hours a day and those ages thirteen to eighteen totwelve hours” (Hunt, 2012, 691).            Dueto the Industrial Revolution, the economy began to focus on the industrialproductions rather than agriculture.

The lazy rural life was transformed intobusy, disciplined life. The position of the women changed greatly as they alsostarted to earn like men. The industrial revolution created the avenue forworkers to come together under the umbrella of a workers’ union to fight againsttheir employer for being treated unfairly.



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