IFPRI (International Food
Policy Research Institute), BIDS (Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies),
and BRF (Bangladesh Rice Foundation). 2005. Food policy in Bangladesh: Issues
and perspectives . Summary of the Dhaka Seminar, Bangladesh, March 13, 2005. https://www.ifpri.org. 1/20/2018
Kimmons, J. E., K. G.
Dewey, E. Haque, J. Chakraborty, S. J. M. Osendarp, and K. H. Brown. 2004.
Behavior-change trials to assess the feasibility of improving complementary
feeding practices and micronutrient intake of infants in rural Bangladesh. Food
and Nutrition Bulletin 25 (3): 228–238. http://journals.sagepub.com.
Yip, R. 2002. Prevention
and control of iron deficiency: Policy and strategy issues. Journal of
Nutrition 132 (4 Supplement): 802S–805S. https://cip.cornell.edu.
fix this problem, Bangladesh needs to identify the main problems for there to be
any effective, long-term solutions. One problem we know for sure is the high level
of poverty that is prevalent. Bangladesh also needs to communicate with what
their issues are so the “higher ups” so efficient and sustainable methods of
solving the problem can be put into action.
may be thinking, if this is such a huge problem someone must have at least
attempted to try and fix it, right? Correct. Since the famine in 1974, they
have displayed that they are wanting to improve the everyday lives of their
population by showing growth in self-sufficiency (IFPRI, 2005). While progress
is always good, over 40% of the population still cannot afford a complete
nutritional diet with all the vitamins and nutrients necessary to healthy
growth, and even one-fifth of the population is considered extremely poor and
it has direct affects in the children with 50% of the children growing up to be
poor adults or a premature death (IFPRI, 2005).
was another study done (Kimmons, Dewey, et al., 2004) on if improving the
intake of micronutrients in infants in Bangladesh is possible. What they found
out was that the women of these infants know that they are under nourishing
their children, but they simply can’t afford all the fruits, vegetables, fish,
and meat. The study concluded that it is possible to temporarily change the
habits of the mothers to adequately feed their children, but it is uncertain
whether those habits would be able to be sustained.
to research, it is possible to significantly reduce the amount of iron
deficiency cases worldwide. Well, if that’s the case, then why haven’t we seen any
progress? Yip, a big player in finding out why iron deficiency is a huge
problem, it could be because of a “lack of communication” between research and
development departments and policy makers about the significance of the iron
deficiency problem (Yip 2002). Yip also states that another source could be
that while they have the strategies to cope with iron deficiency cases on
paper, applying it to different situations and different environments in the
real world hasn’t been as thought out. But in order to fix this specific
problem, the people of Bangladesh need to figure out specifics and relay that
information in order to have an effective and permanent solution.
blood cells make up almost half of a person’s blood, and as I stated earlier,
iron is a huge component. Several factors need to happen for it to be called a
deficiency such as blood loss, parasitic diseases like hookworm which feeds off
the energy of the dietary energy of the host, high nutritional demand and low
intake, and other diseases like malaria or diarrhea. High nutritional demand is
a huge symptom in pregnant women and early childhood and it is key to acquire
all the necessary nutrients for healthy growth for the baby and the young
children. And with the diet of the people of Bangladesh being nearly 80% rice,
lentils, and vegetables, they are missing key vitamins and minerals. Due to
these developing countries not being able to afford the high prices of meats and
fish that have the necessary proteins and nutrients, they don’t consume enough
if any at all.
if you aren’t well versed in human anatomy, knowing that iron is a huge
component in blood is common knowledge. Developing countries like Bangladesh
are plagued by anemia because of their poor diets, mainly being polished rice.
The main parts that make up red blood cells are iron, folic acid, and vitamin
B12. And because these countries such as Bangladesh don’t have the access to
micronutrient rich diets and iron rich diets, close to half of all children
under the age of 5, and women who are and can be pregnant are the ones most
most common micronutrient deficiency in the world and especially developing
countries is iron deficiency. With it being the most common, it affects a
staggering 2 billion people and counting. This problem is extremely prevalent
in Bangladesh where it has a stranglehold on nearly half of all the children
and nearly three quarters of all women. This micronutrient deficiency is due to
the fact that poverty is highly prevalent, lack of communication between
“higher ups”, and diets are low in iron and high in antinutrients.
Case Study Report
Dr. Clark Ford