Noelle HendersonJohnsonWorld History IINovember 15, 2017Enlightenment Thinkers Paper Feminist writer and intellectual Mary Wollstonecraft was born on April 27, 1759 in Spitalfields, London and died September 10, 1797 in London, England. Growing up Wollstonecraft’s abusive father attempted to a further elevation in social status by becoming a gentleman farmer. But, his drinking undermined this project, divided the family, and precipitated their social decline. She left home after her mother died in 1780 to earn her own livelihood. She tried most of the professions outside marriage open to women of her class including establishing a school in 1784 with her sister Eliza, and her best friend Fanny in Newington Green. From that experience teaching at Newington Green, Wollstonecraft wrote a pamphlet Thoughts on the Education of Daughters (1787).After Fanny died in 1785, Wollstonecraft took a job as governess for the Kingsborough family in Ireland. Taking the time there to mourn, she realized she wasn’t fit for domestic work and moved back to London three years later. She became a translator and advisor to Joseph Johnson, a noted publisher of radical texts. “When Johnson launched the Analytical Review in 1788, Mary became a regular contributor. Within four years of working she published her most famous work A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). In this she states that society breeds “gentle domestic brutes”, the key she purports, is educational reform” (biography.com). Giving women access to the same educational opportunities as men. Johnson published one more educational book Original Stories from Real Life(1788); and an anthology The Female Reader (1789).Wollstonecraft was able to participate in Johnson’s diverse circle of enlightened men and women. In this career she drew on and developed major ideas of the European Enlightenments. From the French Enlightenment she took Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s ideas for constructivity a independent subjectivity through a particular program of education, but she rejected Rousseau’s construction of woman as morally and intellectually dependant on man. Wollstonecraft addressed the wider public political sphere with her development of these ideas in A Vindication of the Rights of Men (1790), a response to Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France. She critiqued other writers including Rousseau and the limited state education for females proposed by the French Government. In 1792 while in France visiting friends, Mary met American entrepreneur Gilbert Imlay, they soon began a relationship. She later became pregnant and had a daughter she named Fanny after her best friend. After traveling to Scandinavia, Imlay left her. The split up caused her to attempt suicide but she failed. After she recovered from her relationship with Ilmay, she met and started a relationship with the founder of philosophical anarchism, William Godwin. Despite their belief in tyranny of marriage, the couple eventually decided to wed due to Mary’s pregnancy. In 1797 their daughter Mary (who later famously wrote Frankenstein) was born. Ten days later due to complications in the childbirth Wollstonecraft died. Mary Wollstonecraft caused a sensation by writing A Vindication of the Rights of Women she declared the both women and men were human beings with inalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. She called for women to be educated. She insisted women should be free to enter business, pursue professional careers, and vote. Today more people are discovering and rediscovering Mary Wollstonecraft who established the roots of equal rights for women. Sources Kors, Alan C. Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.”Mary Wollstonecraft.” Biography.com. November 10, 2017. Accessed November 16, 2017. https://www.biography.com/people/mary-wollstonecraft-9535967.Powell, Jim. “Equal Rights for Rights for Women: The Contribution of Mary Wollstonecraft | Jim Powell.” FEE. April 01, 1996. Accessed November 16, 2017. https://fee.org/articles/mary-wollstonecraft-equal-rights-for-women/.