Nearly one in five Americans struggle to pay for basic needs which are food, shelter, and medical care while roughly one-third of U.S. citizens have a hard time making ends meet, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). However, sometimes a poor perspective makes our economic situations seem completely hopeless, nonetheless we live in the modern day United States, and most people do not need to worry about famine or shelter—thousands of organizations exist to feed the poor and provide them with medical care and shelter. Nonetheless, a man named Johnathan Swift wanted his fellow Irish men, and families of Ireland to see his views on the economic issues as “revolutionary.” He was trying to prevent the children of poverty-stricken families from being a strain to their parents or country, and making them beneficial to the public, referred to as A Modest Proposal, which is a satirical essay written and published by Jonathan Swift in 1729. As well, Ireland in the eighteenth-century was tremendously poor however, these conditions claimed thousands of lives every year, and Ireland had been under English rule for over 500 years. The Irish famine and overpopulation led to widespread malnutrition and disease, which combined with England’s suffocating political restrictions, for an example laws were designed to suppress the Catholic religion, strengthen the Protestant stronghold on Ireland’s people, and a compounding of other problems, which led to Ireland’s extreme economic devastation. Johnathan Swift had written A Modest Proposal to raise awareness of the many issues happening in Ireland, but mainly the massive economic crisis and oppression of the Irish. Swift does not intend for the proposal to convince you to actually, eat babies but instead wants to convince the reader that England needs to do more to address the issue of Irish poverty, and in order for Swift to appeal to his audience he uses Ethos to convince his readers of his credibility and knowledge. For an example Swift writes “As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for many years, upon this important subject…”(Page 1, paragraph 2). By telling his readers he’s been observing Ireland’s issues for many years his thoughts give him credibility to the subject due to his many years of witnessing Ireland’s Struggles. Swift also uses ethos by quoting a friend from London by saying, “a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food.” In paragraph four, it says Swift has been thinking about this idea for years, which shows he’s devoted tons of his time into this satirical essay. Additionally, pathos is an appeal to emotion, and is a way of convincing an audience by creating an emotional response. In the beginning of A Modest Proposal, Swift uses pathos when he writes, “their helpless infants who, as they grow up, either turn into thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country, to fight for the Pretender of Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbados”(Paragraph 1). This is trying to make the audience feel bad for the children, and He makes children seem like they are good for somethings but will just end up living a life of crime or will betray their country and family. In the fifth paragraph Swift also tries to evoke an emotional response by claiming his proposal will prevent pain, heartache, shame, and abortions. Swift says “There is likewise another great advantage in my scheme, that it will prevent those voluntary abortions, and that horrid practice of women murdering their bastard children, alas, too frequent among us, sacrificing the poor innocent babes, I doubt, more to avoid the expense than the shame, which would move tears and pity in the most savage and inhuman breast.” Swift uses these certain arguments to direct the emotion towards the poor women who felt shame from abortions, or families with constant heart break over children. Also, Swift uses Logos, which is an appeal to logic, and is a way of persuading an audience by reason or logic. Swift uses satire Logos to build up ethos by backing up his opinions with facts or statistics, also it makes the audience think what the author says is true. For example, Swift uses logos when he says that if people start eating infants, there will be fewer people to feed and more food. He gives several statistics on the number of children that should be sold as food. For example, he says “I subtract thirty thousand couples…there will remain a hundred and seventy thousand breeders…subtract fifty thousand…only remains one hundred and twenty thousand children.” This is an example of logos because it uses these statistics to show the audience the amount of families that will be saved from the burden of their children, and using this statistic persuades the audience to accept Swift’s proposal. Jonathan swift mainly uses logic to explain how the women would then sell their babies for a profit and can help reduce population growth. The families would pay their bills, there would be less criminal activity from children stealing and/or a family member stealing. In conclusion, Swift’s main purpose of “A Modest Proposal” was to show the absurdity of the acts that were carried out by the Irish government. This proposal had nothing to do with solving the problems in the country but attempting to show the people of Ireland that these issues the government was allowing to happen, an example is, the poor were getting poorer, and the rich were getting richer. However, Swift was using these ideas and the struggles of the economy to switch it on the people and their children. For example, the full title of the proposal is “A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People from Being a Burden to their Parents, or the Country, and for Making them Beneficial to the Public.” This truly gives an insight to his bizarre reasoning to have his audience pay attention to Ireland’s issues, and start to conclude ways of fixing them.