Nanvab.The impressive development of medical imaging technology during the past decades provided physicians with an increasing and higher amount of patient specific anatomical and functional data.
In addition, the increasing use of non-ionizing real-time imaging, in particular ultrasound and optical imaging, during surgical procedures created the need for design and development of new visualization and display technology is allowing physicians to take full benefits of rich sources of heterogeneous preoperative and intra-operative data. During 90’s, medical augmented reality was proposed as a paradigm bringing new visualization and interaction solutions into perspective. This paper not only reviews the related literature but also forms the relationship between subsets of this body of work in medical augmented reality. It also discusses the other challenges for this young and active multidisciplinary research community.6. “A User Study Trends in Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality Research” by Si Jung Jun Kim.
Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) are becoming a part of everyday life with the advancement of other technologies like computer vision systems, sensing technologies, graphics, mobile computing, etc. Their primary target is to help users to attain their goals effectively and efficiently with satisfaction. This paper shows the trends of how user studies have been used into AR and VR papers published in two major conferences over the past years. In addition, this paper presents implications on what needs to be considered when planning a user study in the field of AR and VR research.7. “Virtual/Mixed/Augmented Reality Laboratory Research for the Study of Augmented Human and Human-Machine Systems” by Kajj Helen , Jaakko Karjinen , Timo Kuula , Nicolas PhilipponIn this work we show a new research concept called Augmented Human, and consider how it may benefit from prior researches.
In essence, the paper describes the long research history of a specific Virtual/Mixed/Augmented Reality (VR/MR/AR) laboratory and reflects how it may well be used as a premise for Augmented Human research and the design of new human-machine systems. The paper shortly describes how constitutive laboratory research has already been employed for years in more than a hundred company cases, which have exploited participatory design and human-centered design for the human-machine system development and advancement. The paper talks further about how the latest cases have moved closer to the human boundary level and thus oriented towards Augmented Human research. This fifth generation VR/MR/AR/AH laboratory has taken the form of an open cave-like environment with a motion platform, 3D sound, haptics, VR/AR Head-mounted displays and physical objects.8. “An introduction to Augmented Reality with applications in aeronautical maintenance” by Mauricio Hinacapié ; Andrea Caponiou ; Horacio Riuos ; Eduardo Gonazález MendívilaAugmented Reality is a breakthrough technology that could considerably make execution of complex operations simpler. Augmented Reality mixes virtual and actual reality, making available to the user new tools to ensure efficiency in the transfer of knowledge for various processes and in several environments.
Various different solutions based on Augmented Reality have been proposed by the research community: particularly in maintenance operations Augmented Reality tools have been offered new perspectives and have promised very dramatic improvements. On the other side Augmented Reality is an extremely demanding technology and, nowdays, it is s affected by serious flaws that undermine its implementations in the industrial context. This paper presents examples of Augmented Reality applications and shows the feasibility of Augmented Reality solutions in maintenance tasks, underlining advantages it could be introduced. At the same time the principal flaws of Augmented Reality are commented and possible lines of investigation are suggested.
6. METHODOLOGY Fig 6.1 Block diagram of Augmented RealityIn this block diagram we use 8051 microcontroller which is connected to the PC via serial port. 8051 microcontroller is connected to relay driver ULM 2003 which is connected to the home appliances. Web-cam is used to capture the desired area where the virtual frames will be created. 8051 is a 8 bit micro controller with an internal ram of 256 bytes. ULN2003 .It is a Darlington array which deals with high-voltage and high-current and acts a a switch.
All the components can be connected to a home PC.8. CONCLUSIONHere we made a virtual switch in augmented reality using RC controller ULM2003. A web cam is used and is attached to PC which covers the desired area which captures the intensity change in the pixels.
8051 microcontroller is used with relay driver ULM2003 which acts as a switch and controls the various devices.This can be really helpful to people who are disabled and cannot move much or old people as well by making things easy for them. In swimming pool areas where there’s a lot of water and conventional switches can be dangerous and may cause short circuit. Hence its very safe as well.
In oil industries where the mechanical switches often jam and touchscreen doesn’t work. This will not have any such problems.Augmented reality is another step further into the digital age as we will soon see our environment change dynamically either through a Smartphone, glasses, car windshields and even windows in the near future to display enhance contents and media right in front of us. This has amazing application that can very well allow us to live our lives more productively, more safely and more informatively.7. ACKNOWLEDGMENTThis IJIREICE report on “Augmented reality with RC controller ULM2003” has been possible only because of kind co-operation lent by our teacher and project guide Mrs. Sujata Alegavi without which this would not have been possible.We would also like to thank our parents, who have provided us with all resources and the support needed to gain knowledge and complete this project.
At last I would like to thank Dr. B.K. Mishra (Principal), Dr.Kamal Shah(Dean R), Dr.
Sandhya Save (Electronics department, HOD) for their guidance and support. At last I would like to thank Dr. B.K.
Mishra (Principal), Dr. Kamal Shah(Dean R), Dr. Sandhya Save (Electronics department, HOD) for their guidance and support.9. REFERENCES