Name:: The areas that may be densely

Name::Eugenio DavilaProfessor:Allen R. StevensCourse:SSn 187-8764 (50681)Date:01/23/2018Urban Geography and Human EcologyUrban geography andhuman ecology are the sensitive areas that are being closely monitored on theperformance of modern cities and urban centers. These areas have different waysthey impact to the general well-being of the society. Urban geography is asub-discipline of geography that involves the study of various city aspects.Urban geographers concentrate mainly on the location and space available toanalyze processes that direct to the patterns that are evident in urbancenters.

Sociopolitical issues of a city, as well as its economic potential,are also brought out by an urban geographer.According to Macionis,John J. and Vincent N. Parrillo in their reading ‘Cities and Urban Life’ humanecology, on the other hand, takes its interest in their activities of humans onthe ecosystem and the resultant effects of the interaction. An observedincrease in urban centers has also led a significant rise in the population ofthese urban centers and therefore, increased human activities in the cities.

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Consequently, pollution being on the front along other impacts of humanactivities can be witnessed. Some of the ways urban geography and human ecologyimpact on humans include the following ideas.It is also crucial tonote that the differences in cities result in different environmental impactsas highlighted by the authors in their reading ‘Cities and Urban Life.

‘ Thisdepends on the nature of the primary activities taking place in the town andthe possibility of repercussions of those actions. The areas that may bedensely be affected by the mushrooming of cities include; transportation, thequality of air, buildings as well as green buildings. Mode of transport is themeans of maneuvering around. The method of transport in the cities has beenboosted by the introduction of buses which can fetch several people at a timeand conveniently reduce the agony in traveling. Due to an increase in demandfor a better transport system to cater for the vastly growing population, thetransport system is streamlined to the point of satisfying the community.

Population growth intowns is one of those impacts of urban centers formation. The rate of populationincrease may be accounted for by the rapid population growth rate currently andmost common is a migration of people from rural areas to urban centers(Macionis, et al, 46).  People tend to move to towns in search of abetter life and a vast majority being in search of jobs. This has led to aroundhalf of the population moving to towns.

Large numbers of people in towns haveseen a lot of people resulting to poor conditions and overcrowding in the city.The opportunities many people move to towns to search for are sometimesinsufficient to cover all the people. Therefore, migrations to the cities areassociated with the better facilities, businesses, specialist services and morejob opportunities available. Improved health facilities may lead to old agedpeople relocating to cities while better education service calls for childrenstay in cities (Macionis, et al, 50).The transition from pre-industrialization to industrialization introduced thesemovements.Independence indecision making is another impact of cities and its people, differentexpectations from different investors starting from the government to privateinvestors. Each participant reaches decisions that favor their expectations.This results in development without a clear plan, coordination, and control.

Ifa city does not have a clear master plan for development, there are highchances that the development strategy may vary from one investor to anotherbringing up a mixed up development format (Macionis, et al, 31). This affects people who get to be part of substandarddevelopment projects. Similarly, the economic base may be diversified raisinghousing demands.

Consequently, haphazard construction of houses comes in. Thisform of development may lack sufficient planning and coordination amongconcerned parties.Macionis, et al, (33) also indicates that sanitationis also significantly threatened by cities.

Massive exhausts from industries,vehicles and both industrial and domestic wastes contribute to low sanitationstandards (Macionis, et al, 44).These act as health hazards if not controlled early. Limited space for dumpingresidues as well as large numbers of industries along with vehicles leads topollution of the environment.

In addition, in thereading ‘Cities and Urban Life’ the authors states that human ecology is alsoclosely related to urban geography as human efforts coordinate most of theactivities carried out in the cities. The same events have some effect on theecological system. Pollution is on rampant coming from land, water, and air.

Effluents from different human activities are the common pollutants of theecosystem. Air pollution conditions are so dangerous citing an example of smogfrom air pollution and oceanic accumulation of plastic bags which endangers thelives of aquatic animals.Consequently, globalwarming is another human orchestrated threat. High emissions of carbon dioxidefrom fossil fuel trap heat that has resultantly caused the melting of Arcticice which has led to the rise of ocean level. The melting of reflective ice towater poses a danger since water absorbs heat and therefore raise thetemperatures.

According to Macionis, et al, (6) a significant emphasis ongenetically modified organisms is aimed at increasing the amount of yield. Onthe other hand, use of fungicides and certain herbicides has promoted thegeneration of highly resistant weeds, by removing the plants, there stands arisk of exposing the soil to sunlight which may kill essential microorganismsthat contribute to soil fertility.Deforestation isseriously encroaching being facilitated by a rise in population and thereforeprompting for the need for more food (Macionis, et al, 7).

On the same line, human tend to reduce the open foreststo increase farming land. Similarly, humans have also contributed to sanitationof the ecosystem. This is through setting up of plastic recycling plants whichtry to reduce the amount of plastic disposed of by reusing it. Some invest incoming up with environmental cleanup projects such as the ocean clean-upproject.    Works citedMacionis,John J. and Vincent N. Parrillo.

Cities and Urban Life. Seventh Edition:Pearson,      2017, ISBN-13: 9780133869804 

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