Michael structures are represented and organized racial

Michael Omi and Howard Winant discuss several key terms throughout the article “Racial Formation.” Four different terms all related to the subject of racial identity and racial difference in U.S. Culture the authors discuss include race, racism, racial formation, and racialization.

understand race as this cultural logic of classifying bodies we call it cultural because even though we can think of our bodies as biological theway that we understand these bodies as

being different is distinctly cultural

and in fact if you go outside of theand in fact if you go outside of the u.s. context you can see how culturally specific different racial categories are so of course there are white black Asian Latino and indigenous populations all the world over in every country and different proportions but what’s important to understand is that the way that we classify this specific phenotypes and the specific characteristics that to give meaning to race those are culturally specific.


Their definition of race also includes how oddly differences become culturally related to the social conflicts and interests that get put into the meaning of race so what they mean by this is for example later in the text they talk about a brief glimpse of u.s. racial history as we talk about

the transition from us racial dictatorship to racial hegemony which is kind of the which kind of characterizes the moment that we live in now so we need to look at the difference between race and racism so when we’re talking about race when we talk about it as a cultural logic of classifying bodies that also refers to the historic social conflicts and interests 


Main argument

racial formation is a process of historically situated projects in which human bodies and social structures are represented and organized racial formation is linked to the evolution of hegemony so we can think of racial formation processes as occurring through a linkage between structure and representation. we’re talking about this specific cultural process through which we create meaningful categorical categories and when I talk about meaningful I’m talking about filling them with specific meanings racial formation can be understood as the process in which race comes to have meaning understanding how race takes on material dimensions right material referring to what you have what you own the sorts of wealth and opportunities that are available to you we can understand it as both material and ideological 


Main evidence

we can understand race as having

to do with a specific relation between for example policy and culture so it’s not just about stereotypes it is for example about the history that gives those stereotypes meaning through the sorts of material disadvantages that became attached to them




racialization refers to the active process of assigning racial meanings so for example if something is racialized it is referring to a racial category and giving assigning at that type of meaning

all right so the point of thinking through race and racism is to really think about the ways in which we can actively be anti-racist in our actively be anti-racist in our exploration of Asian Pacific American and us latina Latino popular culture because the point is not to be post race

but to be post racist right to eliminate forms of racism while still just being bodily different the issue is not that we are different and the issue is not recognizing that people are different

Example pgs 3-6

look at the differences in the ways in which these groups are racialized if we look at page asleep three through six you get a very brief history of these differences in racialization they talk about for example the colonization of the West and how that became part of the United States even though it’s formally part of Mexico as a significant part of Latinos racial history we also get a

brief view into the Chinese Exclusion Act and how that’s a very significant moment in asia-pacific American history you’ll notice that these these examples are deeply historical dating back

centuries ago because an important thing to understand is that even though Asian Pacific Americans and Latinas and Latinos are sometimes part of immigrant communities these populations are not new to the to the United States not just immigration wise but also culturally


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