In this Study, the aim was to explore male descriptions and gather reports on male contraceptives and their perceptions of risks and benefits, to identify the factors that affect the decision of males on use of contraceptives, and present how men negotiate and discuss the use of contraception with women before making decisions.
The method of data collection was a qualitative approach to obtain information on different matters related to the use of contraceptives amongst men. This study was conducted in two different locations of Indonesia, one that is densely populated city, Bandar Lampung (Lampung) and the other with sparse population regency Kulon Progo (Special Region of Yogyakarta). The study had a total of 30 participants interviewed in depth that consisted of married men who have encountered a vasectomy, married men who use condoms, sexually active unmarried men that use condoms and married men who did not use contraceptives. Each region had focus group discussions (FGD) conducted involving married man and stakeholders. A total of 22 people got involved in the discussion. The interview were semi-structured with key respondents and focus group discussions, conducted between June and August 2016.
The 30 participants were selected on recommendations from the national population and family planning coordination boards who are responsible for their regions family planning programs. Each city had 15 interviews. An experienced staff of International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) conducted the interviews. The interviews were repeated to allow the crosschecking and data validation. Upon completion, the data was analyzed and coded to whether or not the case reflected socio-cultural structure. The researcher asked participants on how they would assess their situation, make decisions and take action. A member of the experienced staff is present to observe and take notes during the focus group discussions.
Description of Participants
The 30 participants consisted of 7 condom users, 16 vasectomy recipients, 5 sexually active unmarried men and 2 married men who do not use contraceptives. The age of the participants ranged from 21 to 64, having the average as 38.0 years. The educational background ranged from from elementary to post-graduate degrees. The participants varied depending on their occupation, included civil servants, fishermen, police officers, self-employed, students, and wage workers.