Mental illness can be a rrange of mild, balanced and maybe even serious. Main types of mental illnesses are anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), phobias, panic disorders, PTSD, schizophrenia. Healthcare in Canada is in conducted by the Canada Health Act, their objective is to protect and restore the mental and physical health of Canadians to guarantee reasonable access to health services regardless of income and education. With support from the federal government, provinces and territories are obligated to provide coverage for health services considered to be “medically necessary”. Even with that, there are still other services that are either partially funded or not funded at all – mental health services being one of them. Mental health has long been seen as a fundamental aspect of one’s health, thought under our current health rules, does not meet the requirement of “medically necessary”.
In the 2000’s the Canadian Alliance on Mental Illness and Mental Health (CAMIMH), put forward a call for action calling for federal government guidance in creating a national Action Plan on mental illness and mental health. The recommendations for federal leadership build on CAMIMH’s work, while putting specific emphasis on the factors of health and the answers required by a variety of federal departments around income stability, housing, immigration and justice. As a part of a National action plan, they urge the committee to suggest to the federal government to take leadership in two areas:
Other challenges for people with mental illnesses are there are not many supportive housings, it’s hard for them to find jobs, it’s also a difficulty for their family members and caretakers to take care of them. The hardships of taking care a mental illness patient or anyone psychological disorders usually goes to close or immediate family. Families who have to take care of people with psychological disorders, also often experience financial loss, and have a larger chance of experiencing poverty. There are also things that affect the psychological disorders patients. They often have difficulty with their studies. Thus it can prevents that from pursuing a successful career. There is also a greater chance that they will not finish high school nor get a college degree. People with a mental health problem have a greater chance of experiencing distress, discrimination, difficulties with employment and finances.
With support from the federal government, provinces and territories are obligated to provide coverage for health services considered to be “medically necessary”.Even with that, there are still several services that are either partially funded or not funded at all – mental health services being one of them. Mental health has long been recognized as a fundamental aspect of one’s health, thought under our current health rules, does not meet the requirement of “medically necessary”.
With the responsibility of paying for one’s mental health left to the individual, it is not surprising that many canadians put mental health on the backburner. The Mental Health Commision of Canada (MHCC) states that while 1 in 5 Canadians will experience mental health issues in any year, only 1 in 3 actually seek treatment.