Meeting up to the evergrowing need of power in our country has always been a problem and this time Bangladesh comes with its’ latest project The Rampal Power Plant. Being a developing country Bangladesh is always in need for more and more power. But still today the requirement is not me. So the Rampal Power Plant is surely to be a blessing but a question is still arises “Is it?”.
The reasons behind this question are funding political issues and mostly the environmental concerns. The Rampal Power Plant is to be situated at Rupsha, Khulna with ability to produce 1320 MW electricity. The Power Plant will be a coal fired sponsored by Bangladesh –India friendship Power Company (BIFPCL).everything was fine until it is going to be coal fired and situated at Rupsha, the place is just 17 km away from the largest mangrove forest of the world, the Sundarbans. Again Bangladesh has to invest a lot of money on this project but where the money will come from, when 31% of people lives below the poverty line (just 2 USD per day).Moreover, Bangladesh will have to share the power produced with India. Now the question seems legit.
However, the most important part is securing the environment. A lot of environmental hazards are going to occur because of the Rampal Power plant predict ecologists. Bangladesh doesn’t have enough sources and so the coal required for the project will be imported from different countries by water way. So, there is a certainty of the water being polluted by the coal carried ships, leakage of oil from the ships, fly ash, coal dust & Sulphur etc. will be responsible for the water pollution. After the coal reaches the Power plant, the level of pollution will get higher as burning of the coal would produce Carbon-dioxide, Carbon-mono-oxide, Sulphur-di-oxide etc.
gases. The effect of carbon-di-oxide is known to all. Green house effect will cause a great damage to the ecology of the Sundarbans.
Again, the Sulphur-di-oxide, Nitrogen-di-oxide would cause acid rain. This acidity will cause the plants of the Sundarbans will die eventually. The bio-diversity of this forest will be close to extinction thanks to the Rampal Power plant. Thus the pollution of air & water brought by the Rampal Power plant will be something that this country will be regret for decades. Various ways and steps are suggested by the ecologist to reduce the pollution or to be exact to save the Sundarbans.
The most advised step is to move the power plant away from the Sundarbans minimum 25km from the Ramsar convention. Moreover there is a question about the quality of the coals. The coals must be of good quality. Again, the dirt of the power plant must be treated well and not just thrown away to the sea. Though the Government says that they have taken enough measurements but they are never trustworthy at least of Bangladesh where the qualification of minister is questionable.
Bangladesh surely needs more power but that doesn’t mean power producing is more important than saving environment. The environment is more important as our lives are connected to it too. The Sundarbans surely surely has direct or indirect impact towards the weather of this beautiful country. It’s not just a mere mangrove forest rather it is like life to this country. So, the Government should know endangering the environment is never a solution to overcome power shortage.