Material 0.2 Total 444 100 5.7.4 Tea time The

Material Culture of the Karbis

 

 

5.7   Field Survey on Present Status of Material
Culture of Plains Karbi people

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            Referening
to caption 0.6.4, material culture shall be dealt with, based on the field
survey on the plain Karbis.

5.7.1  Diet Preferred

More than 85% of the respondents
are fond of non-vegetarian diet and the remaining prefer vegetarian (vide table
83).

Table 83  Diet Preferred

Type

No.
of Respondents

%

Non Vegetarian

380

85.6

Vegetarian

64

14.4

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.2  Breakfast time

Around 81 % of the respondents
generally have their breakfast in between 6.00am-7.30am depicted in Table 84.

Table 84 Time for Breakfast

Breakfast
at

No. of Respondents

Percent

4.30am

1

.2

5.00am

30

3.4

5.30am

16

1.4

6.00am

58

7.9

6.30am

78

.2

7.00am

155

17.6

7.30am

67

7.7

8.00am

24

2.3

8.30am

5

1.1

9.00am

6

.5

9.30am

1

.2

11.45am

1

.2

12.30pm

2

.5

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.3  Lunch time

The usual time for lunch in case of
maximum (91 %) of the respondents is in between 12.00noon-2.30pm depicted in
Table 85.

Table 85  Time
for Lunch

Lunch Time

No. of Respondents

Percent

10.00am

          1

0.2

10.30am

1

0.2

11.00am

10

2.2

11.30am

22

4.9

12.00noon

38

8.6

12.30pm

71

15.9

1.00pm

83

18.7

1.30pm

95

21.4

2.00pm

70

15.8

2.30pm

47

10.6

3.00pm

2

0.4

5.00pm

1

0.2

5.30pm

1

0.2

Total

444

100

 

 

 

5.7.4  Tea time

The usual time for tea in case of
maximum (97 %) of the respondents is in between 5.00pm-7.00pm depicted in Table
86.

Table 86  Tea
Time

Tea
time

No. of Respondents

Percent

4.00pm

1

.2

5.00pm

67

15.2

5.30pm

71

15.9

6.00pm

173

38.9

6.30pm

79

17.9

7.00pm

40

9.1

7.30pm

4

.9

8.00pm

1

.2

8.30pm

2

.4

9.00pm

2

.4

10.00pm

1

.2

No
response

3

.7

Total-

444

100.0

5.7.5  Supper time

The usual time for supper in case
of maximum (95 %) of the respondents is in between 8.30pm-10.30pm depicted in
Table 87.

Table 87 
Supper Time

Supper
time

No. of Respondents

Percent

5.30pm

2

0.5

6.00pm

3

0.7

6.30pm

2

0.5

8.00pm

4

0.9

8.30pm

16

3.6

9.00pm

91

20.5

9.30pm

99

22.3

10.00pm

144

32.4

10.30pm

73

16.4

10.45pm

1

0.2

11.00pm

7

1.5

11.30pm

2

0.5

Total

444

100.0

 

 

5.7.6  Opinion on Milk as
Nourishing Food

Around 94% of the
respondents are of the opinion that they consider milk to be Nourishing Food
(reflected in table 88).

 

Table 88 Milk as
Nourishing Food

Opinion

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

416

93.7

No

28

6.3

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.7  Use of traditional dress
during rites and rituals of community

Nearly 90% of the
respondents generally wear traditional dress at the time of rites and rituals
observed in community (vide table 89).

 

 

Table 89 use of
traditional dress

Uses traditional dress

No. of Respondents

%

Yes

398

89.6

No

46

10.4

Total-

444

100.0

5.7.8  Feeling about
Comfortable Dress

Near
about 69% of the respondents are in favour of wearing traditional dress and the
remaining 31% like wearing modern dress vide table 90.

Table 90 Comfortable
Dress

Type of Dress

No.
of Respondents

%

Traditional dress

306

68.9

Modern Dress

138

31.1

Total-

444

100.0

5.7.9  Modern Dress creates
controversies between old and new generation

Over 55% of the
respondents are of the opinion modern dress do create controversies between old
and new generation, but around 43% do not feel that way vide table 91.

Table 91 Controversy
over Modern Dress

Create controversies

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

247

55.6

No

190

42.8

No Response

7

1.6

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.10  Use of tools

Only a section (around 12 %) of the Plain Karbis are
found to use tools for their day to day works but the majority say 88% do not
require as shown in table 92.

 

Table 92  Tools
in use

Tools
used

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

53

11.9

No

391

88.1

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.11  Purpose for which tools used

Either in agricultural,
horticulture or in poultry farm the necessity of tools comes across. Majority
(64%) of the respondents vide table 93 stated that they use tools mostly for
poultry farm.

 

Table 93 Areas where Tools used

Areas

No.
of Respondents

%

Agriculture

9

16.9

Horticulture

10

18.9

Pisciculture

0

0

Poultry
farm

34

64.2

Total-

53

100.0

 

 

5.7.12  Allows women to take
on independent occupation

Almost 98%
of the respondents allow women to take an independent occupation presented
in table 94.

 

Table 94 women to take
on independent occupation

Opinion

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

435

98.0

No

9

2.0

Total-

444

100.0

 

 

5.7.13  Opinion on modern things

The questionnaire sought
information from the respondents with respect to certain things which are regarded
as essential in the modern age. Through this the investigator tried to know the
respondents opinion towards the traditional/modern things.

 

5.7.14  Opinion on certain specific modern electronic
appliances

Majority of the responses obtained
reveals that most of the respondents are in favour of modern appliances like
Computer, Inverter, Washing Machine, Refrigerator, Kitchen Chimney, Geiger,
Cooler, and Sound System shown in table 95. The appliances favoured by most of
the respondents but are not present in their homes are Computer (49.5%),
Inverter (59.5%), Washing Machine (70%). This is to note that in maximum number
of houses Refrigerator (74.1%) exists. Appliances not favoured by majority of
the respondents are Geiger (57.9 %), Air Cooler (58.1%), Kitchen Chimney (41.2
%) and Sound System (45.9 %).    

Table 95 Opinion on electronic appliances

Things/Opinion

Favoured
does not exist at home

Favoured
exists at home

Not
favoured

Computer

220(49.5)

194(43.7)

30(6.8)

Inverter

264(59.5)

157(35.4)

23(5.2)

Washing
Machine

311(70.0)

58(13.1)

75(16.9)

Refrigerator

89(20.0)

329(74.1)

26(5.9)

Kitchen
Chimney

170(38.3)

91(20.5)

183(41.2)

Geiger

148(33.3)

39(8.8)

257(57.9)

Cooler

168(37.8)

18(4.1)

258(58.1)

Sound
System DJ

67(15.1)

173(39.0)

204(45.9)

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

5.7.15
Opinion on different types of Vehicles

Except for car and two wheeler
vehicles, majority of the respondents are found to be of not in favour of truck
(89.9%), bus (94.8%), taxi (93.2%), tracker (98.4%), magic van (97.1%), three
wheeler (81.5%) depicted in table 96. This is to be noted that majority of the
respondents do possess two wheeler (66%).

Table 96 
Opinion on vehicles

Vehicles/Opinion

Favoured
does not exist at home

Favoured
exists at home

Not
favoured

Truck

36 (8.1)

9
(2.0)

399
(89.9)

Bus

13(2.9)

10(2.3)

421(94.8)

Car

164(36.9)

59(13.3)

221(49.8)

Taxi

25(5.6)

5(1.1)

414(93.2)

Tracker

4 (0.9)

3(0.7)

437(98.4)

Magic
Van

7(1.6)

6(1.4)

431(97.1)

Three
Wheeler

44(9.9)

38(8.6)

362(81.5)

Two
Wheeler

63(14.2)

293(66.0)

88(19.8)

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in
percentage.

5.7.16
  Style of dwelling house preferred

Regarding house, rooms, furnishings
more than 58-62% of the respondents prefer both modern and traditional type of
life style. More than 78-88% respondents do prefer modern style of sanitary,
purification of water and electrification. Little above 56% of the responses
reveals that modern method of maintenance of house is preferred presented in
table 97. There are certain percentage of respondents still prefer to stick to
traditional style of dwelling house.

 

Table 97  Style
of dwelling house

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern & Traditional

House

49(11.0)

118(26.6)

277(62.4)

Rooms

51(11.5)

127(28.6)

266(59.9)

Furnishings

44(9.9)

141(32.0)

259(58.1)

Sanitary

13(2.9)

347(78.2)

84(18.9)

Purification
of Water

8(1.8)

391(88.1)

45(10.1)

Lantern/Electrification

12(2.7)

364(82.0)

68(15.3)

Maintenance
of house

39(8.8)

252(56.8)

153(34.5)

 

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

 

5.7.17  Style of House campus preferred

Nearly 52-54% of the respondents
prefer house with kitchen garden and house with agricultural land vide table
98. But with respect to house with full of fruits garden and house with pond
prefer traditional mode of keeping house campus.

 

Table 98 
Style of House campus

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern &
Traditional

House
with kitchen garden

72(16.2)

131(29.5)

241(54.3)

House
with agricultural land

128(28.8)

82(18.5)

234(52.7)

House
with full of fruits garden

207(46.6)

80(18.0)

157(35.4)

House
with pond

198(44.6)

94(21.2)

152(34.2)

 

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

 

5.7.18  Fooding Style preferred

Both modern and traditional type of
cooking and food consumption style is preferred by 70% and 84% respondents
respectively shown in table 99. More than half of the respondents prefer modern
type of utensils.

Table 99 
Fooding style

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern & Traditional

Food

31(7.0)

40(9.0)

373(84.0)

Utensils

36(8.1)

238(53.6)

170(38.3)

Means
of Cooking

25(5.6)

108(24.3)

311(70.0)

 

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

 

5.7.19  Furniture, Dressing and Ornaments preferred

Around 57%, 73% and 52% of the respondents prefer
mixture of modern & traditional style of furniture, dressing and ornaments
respectively (table 100).

 

 

Table 100 Furniture, Dressing and Ornaments style

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern &
Traditional

Furniture

45(10.1)

144(32.4)

255(57.4)

Dressing
Style

62(14.0)

55(12.4)

327(73.6)

Ornaments

115(25.9)

98(22.1)

231(52.0)

 

N.B. Figures in
parentheses are in percentage.

Works
Cited :

1
Chonzik, Paul B. and   Killingpi,
Marilyn. p. 577, 2014 

2 Hazarika, Rituparna.
p.1367-1371, 2015

 

Material Culture of the Karbis

 

 

5.7   Field Survey on Present Status of Material
Culture of Plains Karbi people

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

            Referening
to caption 0.6.4, material culture shall be dealt with, based on the field
survey on the plain Karbis.

5.7.1  Diet Preferred

More than 85% of the respondents
are fond of non-vegetarian diet and the remaining prefer vegetarian (vide table
83).

Table 83  Diet Preferred

Type

No.
of Respondents

%

Non Vegetarian

380

85.6

Vegetarian

64

14.4

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.2  Breakfast time

Around 81 % of the respondents
generally have their breakfast in between 6.00am-7.30am depicted in Table 84.

Table 84 Time for Breakfast

Breakfast
at

No. of Respondents

Percent

4.30am

1

.2

5.00am

30

3.4

5.30am

16

1.4

6.00am

58

7.9

6.30am

78

.2

7.00am

155

17.6

7.30am

67

7.7

8.00am

24

2.3

8.30am

5

1.1

9.00am

6

.5

9.30am

1

.2

11.45am

1

.2

12.30pm

2

.5

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.3  Lunch time

The usual time for lunch in case of
maximum (91 %) of the respondents is in between 12.00noon-2.30pm depicted in
Table 85.

Table 85  Time
for Lunch

Lunch Time

No. of Respondents

Percent

10.00am

          1

0.2

10.30am

1

0.2

11.00am

10

2.2

11.30am

22

4.9

12.00noon

38

8.6

12.30pm

71

15.9

1.00pm

83

18.7

1.30pm

95

21.4

2.00pm

70

15.8

2.30pm

47

10.6

3.00pm

2

0.4

5.00pm

1

0.2

5.30pm

1

0.2

Total

444

100

 

 

 

5.7.4  Tea time

The usual time for tea in case of
maximum (97 %) of the respondents is in between 5.00pm-7.00pm depicted in Table
86.

Table 86  Tea
Time

Tea
time

No. of Respondents

Percent

4.00pm

1

.2

5.00pm

67

15.2

5.30pm

71

15.9

6.00pm

173

38.9

6.30pm

79

17.9

7.00pm

40

9.1

7.30pm

4

.9

8.00pm

1

.2

8.30pm

2

.4

9.00pm

2

.4

10.00pm

1

.2

No
response

3

.7

Total-

444

100.0

5.7.5  Supper time

The usual time for supper in case
of maximum (95 %) of the respondents is in between 8.30pm-10.30pm depicted in
Table 87.

Table 87 
Supper Time

Supper
time

No. of Respondents

Percent

5.30pm

2

0.5

6.00pm

3

0.7

6.30pm

2

0.5

8.00pm

4

0.9

8.30pm

16

3.6

9.00pm

91

20.5

9.30pm

99

22.3

10.00pm

144

32.4

10.30pm

73

16.4

10.45pm

1

0.2

11.00pm

7

1.5

11.30pm

2

0.5

Total

444

100.0

 

 

5.7.6  Opinion on Milk as
Nourishing Food

Around 94% of the
respondents are of the opinion that they consider milk to be Nourishing Food
(reflected in table 88).

 

Table 88 Milk as
Nourishing Food

Opinion

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

416

93.7

No

28

6.3

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.7  Use of traditional dress
during rites and rituals of community

Nearly 90% of the
respondents generally wear traditional dress at the time of rites and rituals
observed in community (vide table 89).

 

 

Table 89 use of
traditional dress

Uses traditional dress

No. of Respondents

%

Yes

398

89.6

No

46

10.4

Total-

444

100.0

5.7.8  Feeling about
Comfortable Dress

Near
about 69% of the respondents are in favour of wearing traditional dress and the
remaining 31% like wearing modern dress vide table 90.

Table 90 Comfortable
Dress

Type of Dress

No.
of Respondents

%

Traditional dress

306

68.9

Modern Dress

138

31.1

Total-

444

100.0

5.7.9  Modern Dress creates
controversies between old and new generation

Over 55% of the
respondents are of the opinion modern dress do create controversies between old
and new generation, but around 43% do not feel that way vide table 91.

Table 91 Controversy
over Modern Dress

Create controversies

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

247

55.6

No

190

42.8

No Response

7

1.6

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.10  Use of tools

Only a section (around 12 %) of the Plain Karbis are
found to use tools for their day to day works but the majority say 88% do not
require as shown in table 92.

 

Table 92  Tools
in use

Tools
used

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

53

11.9

No

391

88.1

Total-

444

100.0

 

5.7.11  Purpose for which tools used

Either in agricultural,
horticulture or in poultry farm the necessity of tools comes across. Majority
(64%) of the respondents vide table 93 stated that they use tools mostly for
poultry farm.

 

Table 93 Areas where Tools used

Areas

No.
of Respondents

%

Agriculture

9

16.9

Horticulture

10

18.9

Pisciculture

0

0

Poultry
farm

34

64.2

Total-

53

100.0

 

 

5.7.12  Allows women to take
on independent occupation

Almost 98%
of the respondents allow women to take an independent occupation presented
in table 94.

 

Table 94 women to take
on independent occupation

Opinion

No.
of Respondents

%

Yes

435

98.0

No

9

2.0

Total-

444

100.0

 

 

5.7.13  Opinion on modern things

The questionnaire sought
information from the respondents with respect to certain things which are regarded
as essential in the modern age. Through this the investigator tried to know the
respondents opinion towards the traditional/modern things.

 

5.7.14  Opinion on certain specific modern electronic
appliances

Majority of the responses obtained
reveals that most of the respondents are in favour of modern appliances like
Computer, Inverter, Washing Machine, Refrigerator, Kitchen Chimney, Geiger,
Cooler, and Sound System shown in table 95. The appliances favoured by most of
the respondents but are not present in their homes are Computer (49.5%),
Inverter (59.5%), Washing Machine (70%). This is to note that in maximum number
of houses Refrigerator (74.1%) exists. Appliances not favoured by majority of
the respondents are Geiger (57.9 %), Air Cooler (58.1%), Kitchen Chimney (41.2
%) and Sound System (45.9 %).    

Table 95 Opinion on electronic appliances

Things/Opinion

Favoured
does not exist at home

Favoured
exists at home

Not
favoured

Computer

220(49.5)

194(43.7)

30(6.8)

Inverter

264(59.5)

157(35.4)

23(5.2)

Washing
Machine

311(70.0)

58(13.1)

75(16.9)

Refrigerator

89(20.0)

329(74.1)

26(5.9)

Kitchen
Chimney

170(38.3)

91(20.5)

183(41.2)

Geiger

148(33.3)

39(8.8)

257(57.9)

Cooler

168(37.8)

18(4.1)

258(58.1)

Sound
System DJ

67(15.1)

173(39.0)

204(45.9)

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

5.7.15
Opinion on different types of Vehicles

Except for car and two wheeler
vehicles, majority of the respondents are found to be of not in favour of truck
(89.9%), bus (94.8%), taxi (93.2%), tracker (98.4%), magic van (97.1%), three
wheeler (81.5%) depicted in table 96. This is to be noted that majority of the
respondents do possess two wheeler (66%).

Table 96 
Opinion on vehicles

Vehicles/Opinion

Favoured
does not exist at home

Favoured
exists at home

Not
favoured

Truck

36 (8.1)

9
(2.0)

399
(89.9)

Bus

13(2.9)

10(2.3)

421(94.8)

Car

164(36.9)

59(13.3)

221(49.8)

Taxi

25(5.6)

5(1.1)

414(93.2)

Tracker

4 (0.9)

3(0.7)

437(98.4)

Magic
Van

7(1.6)

6(1.4)

431(97.1)

Three
Wheeler

44(9.9)

38(8.6)

362(81.5)

Two
Wheeler

63(14.2)

293(66.0)

88(19.8)

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in
percentage.

5.7.16
  Style of dwelling house preferred

Regarding house, rooms, furnishings
more than 58-62% of the respondents prefer both modern and traditional type of
life style. More than 78-88% respondents do prefer modern style of sanitary,
purification of water and electrification. Little above 56% of the responses
reveals that modern method of maintenance of house is preferred presented in
table 97. There are certain percentage of respondents still prefer to stick to
traditional style of dwelling house.

 

Table 97  Style
of dwelling house

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern & Traditional

House

49(11.0)

118(26.6)

277(62.4)

Rooms

51(11.5)

127(28.6)

266(59.9)

Furnishings

44(9.9)

141(32.0)

259(58.1)

Sanitary

13(2.9)

347(78.2)

84(18.9)

Purification
of Water

8(1.8)

391(88.1)

45(10.1)

Lantern/Electrification

12(2.7)

364(82.0)

68(15.3)

Maintenance
of house

39(8.8)

252(56.8)

153(34.5)

 

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

 

5.7.17  Style of House campus preferred

Nearly 52-54% of the respondents
prefer house with kitchen garden and house with agricultural land vide table
98. But with respect to house with full of fruits garden and house with pond
prefer traditional mode of keeping house campus.

 

Table 98 
Style of House campus

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern &
Traditional

House
with kitchen garden

72(16.2)

131(29.5)

241(54.3)

House
with agricultural land

128(28.8)

82(18.5)

234(52.7)

House
with full of fruits garden

207(46.6)

80(18.0)

157(35.4)

House
with pond

198(44.6)

94(21.2)

152(34.2)

 

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

 

5.7.18  Fooding Style preferred

Both modern and traditional type of
cooking and food consumption style is preferred by 70% and 84% respondents
respectively shown in table 99. More than half of the respondents prefer modern
type of utensils.

Table 99 
Fooding style

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern & Traditional

Food

31(7.0)

40(9.0)

373(84.0)

Utensils

36(8.1)

238(53.6)

170(38.3)

Means
of Cooking

25(5.6)

108(24.3)

311(70.0)

 

N.B. Figures in parentheses are in percentage.

 

5.7.19  Furniture, Dressing and Ornaments preferred

Around 57%, 73% and 52% of the respondents prefer
mixture of modern & traditional style of furniture, dressing and ornaments
respectively (table 100).

 

 

Table 100 Furniture, Dressing and Ornaments style

Particulars/Type

Traditional

Modern

Mixture
of Modern &
Traditional

Furniture

45(10.1)

144(32.4)

255(57.4)

Dressing
Style

62(14.0)

55(12.4)

327(73.6)

Ornaments

115(25.9)

98(22.1)

231(52.0)

 

N.B. Figures in
parentheses are in percentage.

Works
Cited :

1
Chonzik, Paul B. and   Killingpi,
Marilyn. p. 577, 2014 

2 Hazarika, Rituparna.
p.1367-1371, 2015

 

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