List and describe those at risk for CV problems and a briefexplanation as to why they are at risk, including information on modifiable andnon modifiable risk factors Modifiable risk factors for CAD includeincreased serum lipid, hypertension, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, stress,and diabetes mellitus. Cigarette smoking is a major factor for CA problemsbecause it contains tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide which increases bloodpressure and the tendency for blood to clot. A sedentary lifestyle also plays amajor role in CAD because it increases the risk of diabetes mellitus and highblood pressure, obesity, and increases serum lipid levels.
Stress is also amajor risk factor for CAD. Stress can increase hormones like adrenaline andcortisol which can lead to chronic diseases such as hypertension andatherosclerosis. Furthermore, people tend to expose themselves to unhealthycoping strategies such as eating comfort foods like ice cream, cookies, greasyfoods, and drinking alcohol or even smoking cigarettes.
Lastly, diabetesmellitus contributes to CAD as well. One of the most serious health problemsrelated to diabetes mellitus is atherosclerosis, which is the building up ofplaque in arteries – if a blockage forms it can lead to CVD. Non-modifiable risk factors are something thatwe cannot make any changes to, such as age, gender, family history, and race. Asa person ages, everything in the body develops problems. This includeshardening of blood vessels as well as build up of plaque, decrease in musclemass, decrease in physical activity. All of these can contribute to CAD.
Also,men have a higher risk than women, and people of African American ethnicity areat higher risk of developing CAD. Lastly, family history also has manycontributory factors. Heart disease tend to run in families, so it is importantto assess the family history when taking care of a patient with CAD. I had a