Karl Marx said, “Let the ruling classes tremble at a communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains.
They have a world to win. Workingmen of all countries, unite!” (brainyquote) Revolutions have happened all over the world and at different stages of history. These revolutions usually happen when the government doesn’t adhere to the needs of its citizens. Two examples of this event occurring are the Mexican and French Revolutions. The Mexican and French Revolution both have some similarities and some differences.
They both had rulers, had problems against the government, but both revolutions took place at different times and one country had a president while the other had a king. Porfirio Diaz was a Mexican general and politician who was President of Mexico for seven terms from 1876 to 1911. Diaz had great intentions for Mexico to create a more stable government. As Mexico grew, economically and structurally, foreign films invested in the area. The money from the films helped Porfirio build highways, railroads, and oil fields.
Although these helped build up Mexico, they were also apart of a Diaz destruction. The people in power became wealthy and the rest poor. Both rich and poor no longer wanted the foreign investments. On August 23, 1754, in Versailles, France, Louis XVI was born. He ruled as King of France, after the death of his grandfather Louis XV.
At twenty years old, he received a government that was in deep debt. The society was entrenched with privilege causing it to effect the economic, social, and political reforms that were needed to solve the monarchy’s financial problems and to keep up with the changes in the economy and society. ssThe Mexican Revolution started in 1910, with an uprising, led by Francisco against Porfirio Diaz. Over time the revolution changed from revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war, which is one of the greatest upheavals of the 20th century. The French Revolution was a period of radical, social and political upheavals in France that had a massive impact on the French History, that lasted from 1789 through 1799. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed within three years. Economic factors such as hunger and malnutrition, were problems that most of the population had.
This was due to rising bread prices. The third estate was unhappy with the first and second estate, because they were taxed to tremendously by their king. Revolutions usually begin with issues with the government or the people in power over a country’s citizens. Some issues that helped start the Mexican Revolution are political privilege and corruption and taxes.
If you knew someone who worked for the government, life would be better for you. It didn’t matter if it was through friendship, family connects, commercial links, or bribery. For example, if there was a legal problem, judges would be expected to issue a decision that would benefit the nephew of a government minister, the cousin of a state senator, or the son of a municipal president. Another issue was taxation. Under Porfirio, the rich enjoyed tax privileges while the burden of paying majority of the taxes was thrown on the poor. During the French Revolution people were divided into three social classes – Clergy, Nobles, and Peasants. The economic situation in France played a big part in starting the French Revolution. France was in debt because of the foreign wars of Louis XIV, the seven year war, and other war expenses.
Another reason for debt, was the cost of the extravagant items that Marie Antoinette bought. This angered the people of France, because this money that was being spent for unnecessary items should have been used to help the people of France. As previously stated, the Mexican and French Revolution both have some similarities and some differences. They both had rulers, had problems against the government, but both revolutions took place at different times and one country had a president while the other had a king.
Citizens in these countries were being treated unfairly, because of their sociatol place in life. They decided to fight to push for change and were determined the push through until that change happened. Works CitedPBS, Public Broadcasting Service, www.pbs.org/marieantoinette/faces/louis_xvi.html.
“Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes.” History Discussion – Discuss Anything About History, 8 Aug. 2015, www.historydiscussion.net/world-history/french-revolution/causes-of-french-revolution-political-social-and-economic-causes/1881.
Chacón, Review by Justin Akers. “Understanding the Mexican Revolution.” Understanding the Mexican Revolution | International Socialist Review, isreview.org/issue/88/understanding-mexican-revolution.