Jessica the philosophical ideas of Plato, Aristotle,

Jessica McNamaraThomasPHLU 301 WK709, December, 2017The Ideal Political Order The ideal political order does not, hasnot and may never exist However it is not an uncommon daydream.

DraftingUtopia’s is one of the major ways to focus on issues and present solutions. Inthis ideal political state, it is decided that the objective of a societyshould be the thriving of its citizens and the role of government is to aid inthe development and organization of surroundings, values and other essentialnecessities to ensure a prosperous, pleasant and pleasing life. For a societyto embody this we must consider the philosophical ideas of Plato, Aristotle, Nietzsche,John Stuart Mills and Rawls. The ideal political order is one that accomplishes comprehensiveconstancy, that has a governmental position based on ability, has negated theneed for religion and has a general uniting drive in nearly every account.If the purpose of the ideal order is toensure a prosperous, pleasant and pleasing life, there would need to be astandard of virtues within society. Virtues would be based on Aristotle’sEthics Table of Virtues and Vices which states a mean for various spheres ofactions or feelings (Irbe). While virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice would be valued as in Plato’sUtopia (Bobonich)so would Liberality, Magnanimity, Truthfulness, Wittiness, Friendliness and soon.

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These virtues would be universal and due to this, much to the preference ofNietzsche, the ideal political orderwould forgo the need of religion as a result. Nietzsche argues that religion,Christianity in specific created a slave morality in which people follow a herdmentality (Academy). He believed that religion amounted to a mechanism forhostile rejection and within the bounds of Christianity the weak created analtered picture of reality in which weakness equaled goodness, sexlessnessequaled purity, submission to people one dislikes equals obedience and notbeing able to take revenge equals forgiveness. In the absence of Religionculture philosophy, art, literature, andmusic would be valued and used to promote the concepts of community, ritual andmorality that religion used to fulfill. In a sense,we would cash in scripture for culture. Here, in the ideal order, these mediums would serve a purpose andthat purpose would be to further the virtues and ethics of the establishedorder.

Much to satisfy Rawls veil of ignorance,certain questions as to the safety of society would be responded to. As the oldsaying goes, there would be a place for everything and everything would be inits place. Housing would not be a concern in the ideal order as architecturewould be fairly reeled in and uniform ensuring that space is used sufficiently.Consider the design of Venice in this sense where buildings are a majority ofthe city but do not take away from the atmosphere of the place.

The ideal order is lessmaterialistic but more focused on the sense of unity. Consideringthere would still be tragedies in the surrounding world the media would addressthese from a philosophical point of view. This is where philosophers would be utilized so as to bringa more logical outlook on the eventssurrounding society. Due to this the media would cease to be an agent of terroror irrelevant puff pieces. No one would come away with feelings of terror orrage because those presenting the news would exude a sense of sensibility thatwould serve to guide people to the information that can best help them andtheir country to prosper. In the ideal order individuals would be involved inwork that not only feels meaningful but that leaves individuals with a sense offulfillment as they have contributed to society in only a way that they can.

Toensure that this would be the case time would be spent onanalyzing people’s personality from an early age in order to figure what kindof work they would be best at. Plato proposes a Utopiawhere, the Natural order wouldrule, every man would do what naturally fits him to do and no one would desireotherwise (Ryan). To ensure that every individual is in their rightful placePlato offers breeding should be sanctioned to ensure that people are born intothe “right positions.” This notion of controlled procreation is fairly extremeand I would like to offer a softer version.

While relationships would not besanctioned individuals would be much more practical in choosing a mate basingtheir decision on fact rather than feeling. In a sense, individuals will beable to decipher how they are compatible or not and would base their decisionsto pair on how they compare. This more logical view to relationships wouldultimately ensure that they not only last longer but are more satisfying toeach individual. Developing each individual’s skill set and placing them where they would bemost beneficial as well as most fulfilled would eliminate those without a solidhold in society and ultimately ensure that everyone serves a purpose. In this sense those who hold intellectual capacity are trainedfor professions that require management and leadership skills while those with physicalstrength are trained for professions that require manual labor and so on.

Educationwould cater to each individual need rather than an umbrella which generalizes.As individuals grow within a society they will be assessed for certain skillsand placed in developmental courses respectfully. One of the main objectiveswould be how to findyour calling and settle into an occupation you can be satisfied with and wouldbe a focus from an early age. On top of this, there would be classes that would pertain to the real world andprepare youth for adulthood by teaching them to, defuse conflicts, know their own self, how to havesustaining relationships and how to raise children. Adding these subjects tothe curriculum will ensure that each individual is able to functionsufficiently in society and will not feel confused or lost when they reachadulthood.Lawand order in the ideal political order would simply follow philosopher JonStuart Mills Harm Principle. “The only purpose for which power can berightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against hiswill, is to prevent harm to others” (Brink).

This meaning that the law wouldonly intervene should the citizen issue harm against others. This would notonly entail physical harm but branch out to anything that may threaten societyand the individuals in it. Individuals will be given freedoms contingent on thelack of harm to others. Should their actions create harm actions will be takenaccordingly as they will be judged by a group of their peers. This would be anunbias unemotional process based solely on fact and each action would have anequal consequence.

Laws of equality would be determined in correlation with thework of Rawls and his idea of the veil of ignorance where he argues we knowwhat type of society we would be happy to end up in if we had a choice andtherefore we know what needs to be fixed within society (Freeman). Eachindividual would have the opportunity to be heard if they feel society islacking in some way although most would not have reason to as each aspect wouldbe catered to each person on an individual basis ensuring that everything ishas a place and everything is in its place.We must take on the question of who wouldlead in this virtuous society where everyone is in their rightful place. InPlato’s “The Republic” he argues that an ideal society would be led by anassembly of philosopher-kings (Ryan). Thesephilosophers would support the collaboration of all citizens of the society.These individuals would be intellectual, dependable and prepared to live asimple life, as well as embody the four cardinal virtues of wisdom, courage,temperance, and justice.

In the ideal society, these virtues and more would guidecitizens but philosophers would not necessarily be the head of the governmentalhierarchy. The ideal order would a complete democracy and subsequently,individuals would know and trust that the government is acting to protectwhat is mutually beneficial while remaininga force enabling them to grasp their true potential. The fundamental purpose ofevery aspect of this order is to incessantly help one another and grow bothindividually and collectively.Thelargest conflict with the creating an ideal political order is the views ofothers. What one may believe is sufficient another may see as heinous.

The sameapplies to the concepts of Utopia, for with every idea of utopia a dystopianview can be seen because of thespin of the outside perspective on it. In a day and age where people seem tocritic any government that comes their way it is difficult to say if any ofthis would take hold. In the words of the journalist Peter Hitchens “Utopia isonly approached across a sea of blood and you never get there.

”                           WorksCitedAcademyof Ideas “Nietzsche and Morality: The Higher Man and The Herd.”Nietzsche and Morality: The Higher Man and The Herd. N.p.

, n.d. Web. 6 Nov.2017. .

Bobonich,Chris, and Katherine Meadows. “Plato on Utopia.” Stanford Encyclopedia ofPhilosophy, Stanford University, 21 Mar. 2013,plato.

stanford.edu/entries/plato-utopia/.Brink,David.

“Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy.” Stanford Encyclopedia ofPhilosophy, Stanford University, 9 Oct. 2007,plato.stanford.

edu/entries/mill-moral-political/. Freeman,Samuel. “Original Position.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, StanfordUniversity, 27 Feb. 1996, plato.stanford.edu/entries/original-position/.

Irbe,George. “ARISTOTLE’S NICOMACHEAN ETHICS.” ARISTOTLE’S NICOMACHEAN ETHICS: Book#1, www.

interlog.com/~girbe/ethics1.html. Ryan,Alan. On politics: a history of political thought from Herodotus to thepresent.

Liveright publishing corporation, 2012. 

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