It a specified purpose and a specified

It is important to takean ethical approach to any research projects. Ethical research could mean thatpeople are less likely to become upset as a result of a research project.Researchers have the dutyof confidentiality towards participants and the duty to protect them from harm.They should treat participants are capable of making their own judgements anddecisions, and will not make up their answers. Researchers should explain theaims of the research and also inform participants on how information and dataobtained will be used.Unethical research couldinclude accessing a site for research without permission such as walking into aschool to question children without permission, which could be seen as veryalarming. It is important for researchers to negotiate access to access anysites they wish to visit to prevent any alarm.

By signing informedconsent documents, research participants agree to an insight in to theirprivate life by giving informed consent for a specified purpose and a specifiedperiod of time. It should be completely voluntary. It is important forresearchers to be honest about the intended purpose and time scale.It could be seen asmorally wrong to not take an ethical approach approach. Honesty is veryimportant.Researchers shouldrespect the rights of participants in their research. Participants have theright to know the purpose of the research and the intended use of the results.Keeping intentions, for example, to publish the results in a national newspaperwould be unethical as participants may wish their input to the research toremain confidential.

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For example, recording somebody without permission would beunethical and they may find it very rude, just as if someone was to takesomeone’s photo without permission. This type of research still happensregardless, such as during suspect investigation by detectives. Voluntaryparticipation is a main ethical factor involved in research. All participantsmust have knowledge of their participation.

 Research should bepublished responsibly and maybe in a way which can advance research and insteadof in a way which only helps yourself. Raising more questions may even give apaid-researcher more opportunities. It may be more ethical if research helpsmore people than just the researcher.Integrity is important.Promises and agreements should be held to truth consistency. A participantshouldn’t be promised something just for the researcher to go against theirword. For example Research should also becarried out in a way where potential physical or psychological harm ordiscomfort is not likely.

This can be making sure socially and morallyunacceptable material such as graphic images are not used in research. Forexample, if researching knife crime, it would not be good idea to show apicture of a stabbing victim.Ethical standards promotevalues needed for collaborative work, such as trust and fairness. For example, ethicalresearch normalities, such as guidelines for copyright, data sharing policiesare there to protect intellectual property.

Researchers will most likely wantto receive credit for their work and not have it stolen.Ethical normalities inresearch can build participant support for research. People may be more likelyto take part in a research project if they trust its purpose. Unethical research couldcause harm. For example, if a researcher who is inspecting machinery partsfabricates his test data, he could put his and others’ health and safety atrisk.It is important to haveOpenness. This may be by Sharing data and results even if they were not theones desired. Being open to criticism and new ideas is important.

Photography could have anethical factor related to research. It would be-unfair to use the photo of someonewithout their permission, linking back to voluntary participation and alsoliking to anonymity.Participants have theright to remain anonymous. They should not have the names published if they donot wish to.Fabricating data may beunethical. Stating that a Peron said something when they didn’t could becreating false and unreliable data with no or little validity.All ethical values shouldbe put into practise (Nind et el 2005)Ethical problems that mayarise from data storage include who has access to the data storage, and howconfidential the files are. Confidentiality is important especially ifparticipants wish to stay anonymous.

Paper document security is also an issue.If research materials are stolen or seen by somebody else, they could use thatinformation and publish it without the participant permission, which theparticipant could be unhappy with.Considerations into theethical storage of data will need to include how data will be stored, who willhave access to the data and how they will be able to access data.

Also,possibly how long the data will be stored for.Losing a USB stick thatcontains research data is a problem, but it is less of a problem if the stick ispassword protected.  Ensuring how securefiles need to be is an ethical factor. Data storage devises with much morepersonal information may need higher security. It may be difficult to figureout how much enough is, and if the efforts taken to secure data are enough.It is also important tomake sure research complies with the data protection Act 1998.TheData Protection Act 1998 is a United Kingdom Act of Parliament designed toprotect personal data stored on computers or in an organised paper filing system.

It follows the EU Data Protection Directive 1995 protection, processing andmovement of data. Individuals have legal rights to control information aboutthemselves (Gov UK 2017).Hacking could also be anissue.

Files stored on ‘The Cloud’ could be a cause for concern, and couldraise questions on the security levels of the cloud, who has access to thefiles and if they are safe from damage such as fire. These files could also bestolen.


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