Introduction to Philosophy
Marjorie A. Lopez
Reading log #1 Philosophy and the Just Man
The philosophy is sometimes forgotten by people nowadays because of our changing world. We, everyone constantly focuses on data, numbers, and scientific findings, but what is often over looked is the philosophy of everyday life, the impact it has on decision-making, how we view the world differently and how we apply those learning in our life. We just wanted to know what’s this, what’s that… but not the meaning that lies behind. Philosophy involves thinking, communicating to other people, doing and acting what we think is right. It’s essential to our lives because it allows us to have subjective thoughts and feelings as well as the ability to seek connection between mind, body and spirit. This can also be related to humanities. The humanities can be described as the study of how people process and document the human experience. Since humans have been able, we have used philosophy, literature, religion, art, music, history and language to understand and record our world.
The concept of justice in Greek Philosophers to both Plato and Aristotle, justice meant goodness as well as willingness to obey laws. It connoted the correspondence of rights and duties. Justice was the ideal of perfection in human relationships. The aim of both philosophers is to find a principle of capacity through which unity, harmony, virtue and happiness can be established in the society.
Why justice requires philosophy? Mainly because justice is philosophy; it is an admixture of moral/ethical and social philosophy. Justice is “suum cuique” – to each what is due. Justice is rooted in the dignity of man. But what is due for others remains to be specified: not as legal order nor equity. This demands for a critical (impartial), holistic (totality), and committed (rooted in meaning) and value of man.
On a personal level, we have to take care of ourselves and stay healthy and happy individuals. Socially I strongly believe in the saying, do unto others, as you would like them to do unto you. Abiding by this rule helps society to operate as smoothly as possible without too much conflict. Besides, it is not worth any minute of our short lifetime to be unhappy or rude. We as humans are able to make conscious, individual choice and take responsibility for our actions, beliefs, feelings and attitudes.
In my opinion, everyone has their own philosophy in life. It may be religious base, ethical belief, morally belief and so on, but overall they are collection of ideas to make humans improve in their daily lives and as much as possible to be productive, especially on chasing our dreams and goals.