Introduction reaches about subjective well-being (subjective prosperity)and life

IntroductionLife satisfaction is happiness thatexists when we think about our lives as a whole. looking at the big picture. individualfeel that they are leading a meaningful can help us in assessing socialproblems thereby, helping us in the formation of policies to overcome suchproblems. By the study of life satisfaction, we can monitor social progress.Life Satisfaction is a general appraisalof sentiments and mentalities about ones life at a specific point in timeextending from negative to positive. It is one of three major indicators ofwell-being: life satisfaction ,positive affect (Diener,1984).Life satisfaction represents the ideasthat the individual reaches about subjective well-being (subjectiveprosperity)and life quality in terms of facts taking parts in his/herlife(Dikmen,1995)Life satisfaction for Sumner (1966) is”A positive evaluation of the conditions of your life, a judgment that atleast on balance, it measures up favorably against your standards orexpectations.

“”.Diener, suh, lucas, & Smith (1999)also included the following under life satisfaction: desire to change one’slife; satisfaction with past; satisfaction with future; and significant other’sviews of one’s life.”Life satisfaction is considered to be judgmentalcomponent of subjective can be assessed globally or by specificdomain area such as satisfaction with work, marriage, and health. It representshow satisfied people feel with their life generally, as contrasted withpositive effect(happiness),which represents how they feel at a single point oftimeBackground/Premises ofthe Study        Lifesatisfaction is based on the family charecristics like family bonding, supportof the parents and flexibility of the family and this play a huge role in lifesatisfaction of a adolescent. The couple who are involving children into relationships,(Mclan& Adam) This causes dissatisfaction in life causing disturbances in lifecreating anxiety and further to depression.

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Based on these studies the currentscenario is taken the life satisfaction and gender are the variables and toknow how couples are satisfying with their married life.          Statement of theResearch ProblemHow the life satisfaction differs amongmarried men and women. If it differs which group has more life satisfaction? Rationale of the StudyMarriage is a social system in which thecouples lives together with mutual understanding. It has a significant role inIndian Context.

Couple who has a successful marital life have higher lifesatisfaction. But in the present scenario, there are different issues orproblems are existing between many of the couples. In such situation their lifesatisfaction is differ from others and even gender has a role on the same.

Therationale for selecting this study is to statistically find out how lifesatisfaction of married men and women differs. Significance &Scope of the StudyThe major significance of the study inthe present scenario is the increased number of family problems and cases infamily courts. The reason for such issues is the lack of mutual understandingbetween the couple. It would leads to the low level life satisfaction. Hencesuch a study is important to know what is the level, of life satisfaction amongmarried couple and how gender plays a role in the same.  The expected result of the study will helpthe professionals in the field to carry out more studies on other differentfactors influencing the life satisfaction or developing proper intervention toincrease the life satisfaction among married couples. Review of LiteratureTheoretical FrameworkLife Satisfaction refers to the personsgeneral happiness, freedom from tension, interest in life etc. According toChadha et al.

,(1993) the term quality of life indicates general well-being.ithas been defined as the function of the physical, psychological, and socialwell-being. Leo et al,(1990) analyzed nine life satisfaction variablesinvolving satisfaction with relations, hobbies place of residence ,satisfying life, health condition, physicalfitness and health overall satisfaction with ones life situation. It has beenfound that research in the life satisfaction area has been plagued withmethodological shortcomings. Life satisfaction has typically been measuredusing one or two item scales.

So, Singh & Joseph (1996) decided to constructa life satisfaction scale based on the following dimensions: 1.      Takingpleasure in everyday activity2.      Consideringlife meaning full3.      Holdinga positive self-image4.      Havinga happy and optimistic outlook5.

      Feelingsuccess in achieving goalsReviews of PreviousStudiesResearchby the National Centre for Family Research (1978) shows that being in arelationships especially if it is a satisfying one, is closely linked togeneral life satisfaction. children also play a part in this. A  sample of just under 2500 people took part inthe survey, and most respondents claimed to be satisfied with theirrelationships, especially married couples with an adequate income .notably,lack of adequate income was revealed as a chief cause of dissatisfaction inlife and relationships across most relationship situations. Margarette(1972-1996) studies indicate that married persons have higherlevels of happiness that persons in other marital categories.

In recent years,there has been some debate over whether marriage still involves significantadvantages. In 1988, a study by Glenn and Weaver using U.S. national surveydata, indicated that there had been a steady decline in the positiverelationship between marriage and reported happiness from 1972 through 1986:married females were reporting lower levels of happiness and never-marriedmales were reporting higher levels of happiness. More recent data presented inthis thesis indicate that the trends in happiness observed by Glenn and Weaver(1988) have not continued. New data from 1987 through 1996 show an increase inthe happiness of both married males and females, and a slight decrease in thehappiness of never-married males. Data also indicate that neither lifesatisfaction, or socioeconomic factors, or cohabitation can explain therelative increase in the happiness of the never-married, compared to themarried, observed by Glenn and Weaver (1988) from 1972 through 1986.

Contraryto Glenn and Weaver (1988), evidence presented in this thesis suggests thatmarriage continues to be an important institution: married persons continue tohave significantly higher levels of happiness than persons in other maritalcategories. Further, marriage provides persons with benefits that cannot beobtained from other living arrangements such as cohabitation.Mastekaasa, (1994)This investigationexamined whether the life satisfaction advantage of married over unmarriedpersons decreased over the last three decades, and whether the changes in thecontextual gender specialization explained this trend. The author usedrepresentative data from the World Values Survey–European Values Study(WVS–EVS)-integrated data set for 87 countries (N = 292,525) covering a periodof 29 years. Results showed that the life satisfaction advantage of beingmarried decreased among men but not among  women.Kouros and Cummings (2011) collectedinformation from 296 America based couples on marital satisfaction, maritalconflict and depressive symptoms annually reported for three years. Resultssuggested that for husbands, transactional relations between maritalsatisfaction and depressive symptoms identified: high levels of depressivesymptoms predicted subsequent decreases in marital satisfaction and decreasedmarital satisfaction predicted subsequent elevations in depressive symptomsover time.

For wives, high levels of marital conflict predicted subsequentelevations in depressive symptoms over time. Cross-partner results indicatedthat husbands’ depressive symptoms were also related to subsequent declines inwives’ marital satisfactionQuddus (1992)this study about the adjustment of couples who live apart for occupational andother reasons it is reported that the number of years of schooling is notsignificantly related to the adjustment of couples in the absence of theirpartners.Conceptual FrameworkThe proposed study is based on the concepts lifesatisfaction of married couples and the concept defined based on the LifeSatisfaction Scale (Singh & Joseph, 1996). The researcher take gender asthe independent variable for the study. The following diagram represents theConceptual Framework of the proposed study.Research QuestionsIs there any significant difference inlife satisfaction between married men and married women?AimTo study thelife satisfaction between married men and married women.Specific Objectives1.     To studythe socio demographic profiles of the  respondents2.

     To studythe differences in life satisfaction among married men and womenHypothesisThere issignificant differences in life satisfaction among married men and womenMethodologyResearch DesignNon-experimentalCross sectional survey research design will be used in present study. It is atype of research design that lacks manipulation of the independent variables bythe researcher. Cross sectional survey research design it collects the datafrom population at specific point of time.VariablesIndependentvariable: GenderDependentvariable: Life satisfactionOperational DefinitionLifesatisfaction. Life satisfactionrefers to a person’s general happiness, freedom from tension, interest in life etc.

Singh&Joseph(1996).Gender.The fact of being male or female, especially when considered with reference tosocial and cultural differences in biology (Hornby 9th edition) For this study theresearcher consider male and female as two major category based on gender.Sample                                                                                                                                   The sample for this study includedmarried men and women who are in the category of The young adulthood(20-40) &middle adulthood (40-60)  (E.Papalia, 1978) willbe  taken as a sample for thiscurrent study.. The sample size will be 120(60 married men &60 marriedwomen).

Samplingmethod will be Non-probability sampling Convenience sampling method & Snowball sampling method. Convenience sampling method also known as availabilitysampling. It is a specific type of non-probobility sampling method.

datacollection from population who are conveniently available to participate instudy.                        Inclusion criteria.1.     Married men and women who are Indian citizenwho are currently living in India2.

     Age group of sample will be ( YoungAdulthood(20-40),&Middle adulthood(40-60)                              3.     Participants are able to read andunderstand English                        Exclusive criteria.1.     Participants divorced separation fromthe family2.     Participants who are mentally andphysically challengedTools for Data CollectionSocioDemographic Sheet. Name, Contact details, Gender, CurrentLocation, Age, Qualification, Place of living, marital status, OccupationLifesatisfaction scale (Singh & Joseph, 1996).

Life satisfaction scale by Singh &Joseph (1996) was used to measure thelife satisfaction of the respondents .The scale consists of 35 items based onfive dimensions of life satisfaction: taking pleasure in everyday activities, consideringlife meaning ,holding a positive self-image, having a happy and optimisticoutlook and feeling success in assuming roles. the items are The items are tobe rated on five point scale: Always, Often, Sometimes, Seldom and Never whichare scored as 5,4,3,2,1 respectively.Reliability:The test-retest reliability computed after a lapse of 8 weeks turned out to be0.91Validity:To determine validity of the Life satisfaction Scale coefficients  of correlation between the present scale and Life Satisfaction Scale ofAlam and Singh (1971)was computed. The coefficient of correlation was found tobe 0.83.

The scale also possesses face and content validity since each item wasjudged by experts.Procedure for datacollectionThe selected samples will be selected usingconvenience and snow ball sampling method. The researcher identified thesamples with the help of pre-existing contacts also.

Once the samples wereidentified the consent form for participating in the research study will bedistributed and their socio demographic details will take through socio demographicprofile sheet. And all details will be explained to the participant and gavethe assurance that their data used only for academic purpose and keptconfidentially. Finally the researcher will be administered the scale forgetting required data on selected samples.Procedure for DataAnalysis.The researcher will process the obtained datathrough the process like editing, tabulating, coding, scoring and analyzingthrough statistical software SPSS. The first objective – nature of the sampleselected for the research will be studied through the descriptive statisticsand normal distribution of the data will be analyzed with skewness and kurtosisstatistical test. The statistical test will be used for the hypothesis analysisare as follows-Independentsample T test will be used to measure life satisfaction among married male andfemale.Ethical ConsiderationInformedconsent was taken from each of the sample.

The research results and data wasonly used for academic/research purposes. Confidentiality and privacy ofthe  participants involved in the studyof research was preserved and maintained.ReferencesBuetell, N. (2006). Life satisfaction,aSloan Work and Family Encyclopaedia entry.  Diener,Emmons,Larsen andGriffin(1985)The satisfaction with Life Scale.

The journal of personalityAssessment,71-72.Papalia,D.E.,Gething,L.

,&Gething,D.H(1989).Life Span Development.Australia:McGraw-Hill.Ram Ahuja (2001).

ReasearchMethods.Reasearch Design.UKEssays (2015).Definition of LifeSatisfaction Psychology Essay.

on 16th April 2017 Mastekaasa, A. (1994).Life Satisfaction,An International Comparison Journal of Comparitive Family studies, 25(2),183-205.Kouros, C.D., & Cummings, E.

M.(2011).Transactionalrelations between marital functioning and depressive symptoms. American  Journal of Orthopsychiatry (1); 128-138.Singh&Joseph , (1996).LifeSatisfaction Scale.National Psychological Corporation.Adams, M.(1972-1996).Marital Status andHappiness


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