Introduction: that are found in urban, sub-urban

Introduction:                Mosquitoes are the mostviral issues that are found in urban, sub-urban and rural environment. Mosquitoesare the main carriers of dengue, malaria and several other diseases that causestremendous problems even also leads to death. The death rate is continued to behigher in each and every year due to many infections and diseases which arecaused by mosquitoes like  dengue andmalaria. Nearly 700million people are getting mosquito borne illness each year resulting ingreater than one million of deaths. Controllingsuch diseases is extremely difficult in now a days because of the high rate ofreproduction and development of mosquitoes that are resistance to insecticidesand commercially available repellents.

Some of the ways to prevent the mosquito are cleaning the environmentand using insect repellent  that  totally wrecked the fatal defense ofmosquitoes. Although chemical that  provides quick mortality, resistance ofmosquito against the use of insecticides.Commercially available mosquitos repellents are mainly consisting ofpyrethroids, DEET like synthetic compounds, which may leads to hyper excitation of nervous systems, long termuses result in corneal damage, liver damage, asthma and several other problems.A lot of researches are going on to improve efficiency of repellents anddecrease the effects on human health.

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But the deadly and harmful effects ofmodern insect repellents used in houses have not yet drawn the attention ofmany scientists.  The need for thedevelopment of the most effective mosquito repellent should be taken intoconsideration due to the many toxicity problems, together with improve the incidenceof mosquito resistance.In the modern civilization, we are forgetting allthe natural resources which are easily available for human purposes and one ofthat are the cattle dung. Dung’s are placing a major role since time immemorialand it is considered as a third important services rendered by animals.

Dung isutilized as a biofertilizer, cheap fuel, paper production and insect repellent.The later is to be focused very seriously in the modern era. Elephant dung, a cheapest source which can be usedfor many purposes such as paper production, fuel source, biofertilizer andinsect repellents. The evidence for the preparation of mosquito repellent isnot yet drawn by any scientists. This is the why we came up to one decision toprepare elephant dung based herbal mosquito repellent whichis completely free from chemicals. Wehave prepared mosquito repellent some of the natural ingredients like flowersof Nerium oleander, tulasi (Ocimum tenuiflorum), neem leaves (Azadirachta indica), lemon grass oil, leaves of vitex negundo and natural loban with theelephant dung to enhance the efficiency of the mosquito repellent. Rawmaterials have been selected based on experience and practice by ourancestors.

The formulation of these mosquitoes repellent is safe, eco-friendly,cheap, easy to use and has maximum efficiency against mosquitoes.ObjectivesØ  Todevelop the ecofriendly organic mosquito repellent by using Elephant dung andother natural materials.Ø  Todetermine the efficiency of developed mosquito repellent.Ø  Todistribute this ecofriendly organic mosquito repellent to the village people tocompletely obstruct the mosquitoes population in and around their areas.  Materials:Elephas maximus indicus Dung Azadirachta indicaLeaves of azardirachta is antifeedant that break themetamorphosis of mosquito repellent even at low concentration (Van,2004) and italso act as effective insect repellent (Farahna et al,2010).mechanism behindthe azadirachta is to block the latic receptor and makes the mosquito to getaway from the place (Elissa, 2004; Patel, 2012).

The neem trees are found inmost tropical and sub tropical area over the world. The compound which arecausing toxic to mosquitoes are complex tetranorterpenoid limnoid (Mordue andNisbet,2000).Nerium oleanderThe components that are found in N.oleanderare flavanoids, sterols etc… which has the prpoperty of mosquito repellent andit causes 43% morality rate at 3% concentration when exposed to 24 hours (FouadEl-akhal, 2015).Ocimum tenuiflorumVitex negundoLemon Grass oilBenzoin powder  1.     Methodology                              I.

           Rawmaterials selectionRawmaterials will be selected based on the naturally available leaves and flowerswhich are having more efficiency to kill the mosquitoes. The raw materialswhich are  used for  the production of the eco friendly mosquitorepellent are Elephant dung, Neem leaves, Nerium flowers,leaves of vitexnegundo, Loban, Tulsi, Maida and Lemon grass oil. Elephant Dung has large ashcontent, low carbon content and burning ratio is low. The popular ways ofrepelling mosquitoes is by using Neem leaves along with the elephant dung. Asit has an excellent antiviral property while burning, it can tremendously workas a mosquitoes repellent. Tulsi has a wonderful antiviral and insecticidalproperty, it can also be added with the elephant dung to achieve highefficiency mosquito repellent.

Loban (sambarani) is a resin from a tree (Styraxbenzoin) and is a good repellent of insects and mosquitoes. Loban isalso  a good insect repellent, whenfumigated. It has the qualities of an insecticide, is antiseptic and it canfight against epidemics. Its smoke creates a soothing atmosphere of calmserenity. Lemon grass oil is having good infectant property and smell, it canbe sprayed over the repellent coil. Apart from these ingredients, Maida acts asan excellent binder.                           

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