**Introduction Socialnetworking sites have become more and more popular and played an indispensablepart in human life.
Actually, the number of people using social networkingsites has grown exponentially. To respond to the human needs, many applicationsare created, and Facebook is one of the most popular applications in the world.According to statistics by Trach Ryan in “Theuses and abuses of Facebook: A review of Facebook addiction”, in March2014, the Facebook users were 1.
28 billion in the site, and each day there areat least 802 million new Facebook users. This popularity stems from somebenefits and advantages of Facebook, but it links to a deleterious globalphenomenon by the abuse. Online users spend a huge amount of time on Facebook,and they gradually turn into the Facebook addicts. Evidence from surveys hasindicated that the excessive use of Facebook provokes the negative impacts forusers, affect not only on their daily activities but also on their relationships.Therefore, this research, based on secondary data, will discuss theconsequences as well as propose some possible solutions to Facebook addictionissue.2. Discussion of findings2.
1 Benefits of Facebook and Facebook addiction factAs reported by Suku Balci and Abdulkadir Golcu in “Facebook addiction among university studentsin Turkey: “Selcuk Univerdity example”, “in the last five years Facebookhas started to take an important part of people’s daily life as the result ofdevelopments in communication technologies”. It is undeniably true thatFacebook brings a lot of advantages to people. Its first benefit is forinformation sharing. Users can frequently use Facebook to share information orcommunicate with others people. When connecting members of Facebook formanywhere in the world, users can learn different cultures, values andtraditions of other countries.
For students, they can improve their studythrough Facebook. According to Rutigafni and Moran Deri in “Cost and Benefits of Facebook for undergraduatestudents” (2012), when their relationships are allowed to establish onFacebook, they can share lectures, assignments as well as ask for advice ontheir learning from others. Besides, its users take the opportunity to sharetheir information such as friend list, relationship, etc. (Afifa Fida Khattak,Hayat Mohammad, Summiyce Ahmad 2017). Secondly, it is considered as a tool forentertainment and relaxing. When people use Facebook, they find it convenientto share their feelings in their daily life. Moreover, many application ofFacebook will help people relax after long working day. For example, they canwatch films, videos or read short funny stories, news, etc.
on some pages ofFacebook. In addition, people can also do online business by using theirFacebook account. Some single businessman can create their Facebook business page.As can be see, they will gain more an increased exposure to potential customersas well as build brand loyalty by popularity of Facebook.
However, theexcessive use of Facebook links to a life style addiction. As the result of astudy by Trach Ryan et al. (2014), some respondents said that “Facebook has become part of my dailyroutine”, “I find that I stay on Facebook longer than intended”, and “I feelout of touch when I haven’t logged onto Facebook for a while”. Facebook addictsare so immersed into the virtual world. Therefore,they spend almost of their time checking their Facebook account. Someattractive features for social interaction and exhibitionism makes users irresistibleto Facebook. Facebook addicts is so common among young people.
As Suku Balciand Abdulkadir Golcu put it, the percentage of students at university who have preferencefor spending time on Facebook in spite of social activities is 46.4%. Besides,adults also have a tendency of being Facebook addicts, and the figure for itincreases day by day. In the survey of Suku Balci, all of the 1605 adults askedabout the habits of social networking site, “39% are self-described “Facebookaddicts”. Especially, some users often check Facebook not only during thedaytime but also at midnight time. As a result, Facebook has hidden dangerswhich link to negative effects for users.
2.2 Negative consequences of Facebook addiction2.2.1 Daily activities Facebook addicts have to experienceproblems in their daily activities. The article “Facebook addictions?” written by Mircharl W.
Austin Ph.D., claimsthat it is so difficult to quit Facebook, which is much harder than quittingsmoking or giving up alcohol. Some students admitted that they spend more timeon Facebook than on their study.
They used Facebook to post or respond whiledoing homework or in class, and it affects their efficiencies and grades (BiswaBhusan Mohanty, et al 2018). Besides, they are often procrastinated by usingFacebook. A Facebook user claims that “facebook is a fantastic procrastinationtool! I would often check Facebook instead of doing my university assignments”(Tracii Ryan, et al 2016).
Thus, the result of study will get worse. Moreover,a large proportion of workers also use Facebook while they work. The workerswho are Facebook addicts find it difficult to concentrate on their work. Itlinks to ineffectiveness on work result, and they can be reprimanded. Not only daytime,but also nighttime can also be devoted to Facebook.
According to Tracii Ryan in”A qualitative exploration of Facebookaddiction: Working toward construct validity” (2016), some users said “inthe evening, once I sit and get on Facebook, it is really hard to get motivatedto do anything else”. In addition, they will feel anxious and stressful whensitting and using Facebook for hour. Different studies found spending a greatdeal of time on Facebook makes users were overwhelmed by signs of depression(Afifa Fida Khattak, Summiya Ahmad & Hayat Mohammad 2017). According to anarticle namely “Vietnamese Facebook addiction hospitalized for depression”,because of using Facebook a huge time, a teenager girl in northern Viet Nammust be hospitalized for depression. As a result, Facebook addicts become lessactive with other daily activities, and they are always attracted by live newsfeed on Facebook.2.2.
2 Relationships Facebook addictions also cause a lot of problems forusers’ relationships. Using Facebook frequently, people start to spend lesstime with their friends, relatives or families, and they restrict face to facecommunication. It links to dissatisfaction or problems in romanticrelationships. According to finding of Tracii Ryan (2016), using a huge time onFacebook caused bother for participants’ romantic partner that they couldtogether in this time: “My partner hates me using it because it means I’m notpaying him attention”.
Therefore, it was associated with negative relationshiplike cheating or break-up. Moreover, in the family, some members become lessattentive to their parents or children, so they will feel withdrawn andabandoned. It is so rude that people still check Facebook anyway while having alot of people around them.
Some users admitted that “Instead of meetingco-workers from work for lunch, I go off and check Facebook messages on myphone” (Tracii Ryan 2016). Attracted by Facebook, users will lose theirrelationships because of their less communication with other people. Gradually,