Introduction:Bia?owieski National Park (Polish:Bia?owieski Park Narodowy) is a Polish national park located in the province ofPodlachia Voivodeship in the east of Poland, close to the borders of Poland andBelarus. Bia?owieski National Park covers an area of 152.2 square kilometers(58.8 square miles).
The nature reserve of the Belarusian side also covers anarea about 1,771 square kilometers. Due to the lack of equipment and touristson the part of Belarus, few foreigners visit forests on the Belarusian side. Thisnational park is famous for its protection of the best- preserved part of theBia?owie?a Forest. Some also call it ”Europe’s last ancient forest”. The former natural reserve of Bia?owieski National Park wasestablished in 1921 and upgraded to a national park in 1932. ”Bia?owieski National Park is theonly Polish natural property designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage site”.
Everyyear there is approximately 200,000 tourists visit the Polish side of theforest. The symbol of this national park is a European bison- the biggestEuropean land mammal. ” At present, Bia?owie?a Forest comprises the largestfree-living population of European bison in the world. There is approximately500 European bison living in the Polish part of Bia?owie?a Forest”. Danger:In the past, Bia?owie?a Forest once againbecomes a royal hunting ground. The tsar began sending European bison as a giftto all European countries, while other animals such as deer and moose wereimported from all over the empire to breed in the forest.
During the FirstWorld War, the forest suffered a huge loss. The Germanskilled atleast 200 bison. After that released a hunter ban. However, German and Sovietsoldiers continued to kill until the site was occupied by Poland. Unfortunately,the last wild European bison was killed a month earlier. After the war, none ofwhich were in Poland. In 1929, Polish authorities purchased 4 bison fromseveral zoos to introduce forest breeding and released them into the forest.
Ina short period of ten years, the number increased to 16 bison. However, thenumber of some European bison is still declining, not out of endangerment. To protectthese rare animals, they set up a bison Breeding Centre, which is an area of274 ha. landscape protection.
The area comprises three breeding reserves, andthe European bison Public Access Reserve. The responsibilities of the personnelof European bison Breeding Centre cover the bison’s habitat in all of thePolish part of the Bia?owie?a Forest.