Introduction: other severe places. They are called

Introduction:        Cockroaches are
undesirable pests in households and buildings. During night, they visit for
food in food storage areas, kitchens, and other severe places. They are called
pest due to their dirty habits and unpleasant smell. They play a vital role as
a carrier of various intestinal diseases such as Cholera, Typhoid and
dysentery. They are very sensitive to allergic people. Some species are very
dangerous for human beings.Life cycle:        There are three
development stages of cockroaches; egg, nymph and adult. Female lays eggs in
cluster which is covered by bean shaped egg case. A German cockroach carry the
Ootheca for a few weeks attached to her body. Mostly transmit the oothecal
within one or two days.        Ootheca is very
important for indication of species. Eggs hatch in 1-3 months. The nymphs are
wingless, few millimeter long and white on hatching and grow darken in few
hours.        They are fully mature in few months to
more than one year, grow in stages by repeatedly shedding the cuticle or skin.
They are fully grown after several months to more than a year, depending on the
species .The adults contains one leathery pair which is folded a membranous
pair.

   Behaviour:        They are closely
associated with human beings and live in tropical,temperate  and in various parts of buildings where
humidity ,moisture and spoiled food found in abundance.       They live in
clusters or clutches.They are active at night but during day they goes inside the
cracks, crevices, furniture basements,bathrooms and animal houses. They consume
various variety of food. They like sugary and starchy materials.  Dispersal:       Previous scientific
research have been proved that some species migrates during overcrowding. They
migrate into new habitats through flying and crawling.Nuisance:      They are very
important to spread ruin food,filth and book bindings. They eject their
partially digested food at intervals and drop feces. They cause bad smell in
food and other commodities.

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Diseases:        They have close
association with humans and move freely in buildings.They are responsible to
spread germs that cause various diseases.Including; Diarrhoea, Plague,
Dysentery, Typhoid Fever,   Cholera, Leprosy and some viral diseases. Management Strategies:        Control of
cockroaches is very effective in temperate zone than humid and warm
place.Infestation can be perceived by behind boxes, furniture and other hidden
places.They are easily noticed in night time because at night they are very
active. o   Water must remove from sinks and other water standing places.o   Cover the containers tightly in food storage areaso   Repair the leakage and crevices to prevent the roacheso   Tree holes should be filled by cement to reduce the prime
harborage areao   Pruning,thining and trimming of various ornamental plants and
shrubs should be away from the house because these are favorite places for
breeding of cockroaches

o   We should use different bio pesticides and repellents.

Introduction:        Cockroaches are
undesirable pests in households and buildings. During night, they visit for
food in food storage areas, kitchens, and other severe places. They are called
pest due to their dirty habits and unpleasant smell. They play a vital role as
a carrier of various intestinal diseases such as Cholera, Typhoid and
dysentery. They are very sensitive to allergic people. Some species are very
dangerous for human beings.Life cycle:        There are three
development stages of cockroaches; egg, nymph and adult. Female lays eggs in
cluster which is covered by bean shaped egg case. A German cockroach carry the
Ootheca for a few weeks attached to her body. Mostly transmit the oothecal
within one or two days.        Ootheca is very
important for indication of species. Eggs hatch in 1-3 months. The nymphs are
wingless, few millimeter long and white on hatching and grow darken in few
hours.        They are fully mature in few months to
more than one year, grow in stages by repeatedly shedding the cuticle or skin.
They are fully grown after several months to more than a year, depending on the
species .The adults contains one leathery pair which is folded a membranous
pair.

   Behaviour:        They are closely
associated with human beings and live in tropical,temperate  and in various parts of buildings where
humidity ,moisture and spoiled food found in abundance.       They live in
clusters or clutches.They are active at night but during day they goes inside the
cracks, crevices, furniture basements,bathrooms and animal houses. They consume
various variety of food. They like sugary and starchy materials.  Dispersal:       Previous scientific
research have been proved that some species migrates during overcrowding. They
migrate into new habitats through flying and crawling.Nuisance:      They are very
important to spread ruin food,filth and book bindings. They eject their
partially digested food at intervals and drop feces. They cause bad smell in
food and other commodities.

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For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Diseases:        They have close
association with humans and move freely in buildings.They are responsible to
spread germs that cause various diseases.Including; Diarrhoea, Plague,
Dysentery, Typhoid Fever,   Cholera, Leprosy and some viral diseases. Management Strategies:        Control of
cockroaches is very effective in temperate zone than humid and warm
place.Infestation can be perceived by behind boxes, furniture and other hidden
places.They are easily noticed in night time because at night they are very
active. o   Water must remove from sinks and other water standing places.o   Cover the containers tightly in food storage areaso   Repair the leakage and crevices to prevent the roacheso   Tree holes should be filled by cement to reduce the prime
harborage areao   Pruning,thining and trimming of various ornamental plants and
shrubs should be away from the house because these are favorite places for
breeding of cockroaches

o   We should use different bio pesticides and repellents.

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