Introduction: Bangladesh has an essentially agrarian economy. Agriculture is the single biggest delivering division of the economy since it includes about 30% of the nation’s GDP and utilizes around 60% of the aggregate work constrain. The execution of this segment overwhelmingly affects major macroeconomic goals like business age, neediness lightening, HR advancement and sustenance security.
Most Bangladeshis win their living from agriculture. In spite of the fact that rice and jute are the essential products, wheat is expecting more noteworthy significance. Tea is developed in the upper east. In light of Bangladesh’s rich soil and regularly abundant water supply, rice can be developed and collected three times each year in numerous territories. Because of various components, Bangladesh’s work escalated agriculture has accomplished unfaltering increments in sustenance grain creation regardless of the regularly ominous climate conditions. These incorporate better surge control and water system, a for the most part more effective utilization of manures, and the foundation of better dissemination and rustic credit systems. With 35.8 million metric tons created in 2000,
Contribution sector of agriculture:
Agriculture remains the most essential area of Bangladeshi economy, contributing 19.6 percent to the national GDP and giving work to 63 percent of the populace. Agriculture in Bangladesh is vigorously subject to the climate, and the whole gather can be wiped out in merely hours when twisters hit the nation. As indicated by the World Bank, the aggregate arable land in Bangladesh is 61.2 percent of the aggregate land zone (down from 68.3 percent in 1980). Homesteads are normally little because of intensely expanding populace, inconvenient land possession, and legacy controls. The 3 fundamental products—rice, jute, and tea—have ruled horticultural fares for quite a long time, in spite of the fact that the rice is developed on the whole for local utilization, while jute and tea are the principle send out workers. Notwithstanding these items, Bangladeshi ranchers deliver sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, and different foods grown from the ground (sweet potatoes, bananas, pineapples, and so forth.) for the residential market.
Rice is the staple nourishment in the regular eating routine of Bangladeshis. The generation of rice, which can be collected 2 or even 3 times each year, achieved 19.9 million metric tons in 1998-99. The creation of wheat came to around 2 million metric tons in 1998-99. The two yields assume a critical job in accomplishing independence in sustenance creation. In any case, because of climate conditions the creation of rice and wheat vacillate extraordinarily, driving Bangladesh to import nourishment from the worldwide market or swing to universal guide. Bangladesh imported 1.6 million tons of wheat (for the most part from the United States) in 2000 with the end goal to take care of the demand in the nearby market.
Jute, regularly called the “brilliant fiber” of Bengal, is the primary fare worker for Bangladeshi agriculture, as Bangladesh remains the world’s second-biggest maker of jute (after India) and the world’s biggest exporter of fiber. Jute is generally utilized for the fiber of cover backing, burlap sacks, modest paper, and different purposes. Its significance for the Bangladeshi economy originates from the way that very nearly 3 million ranches are associated with jute creation. In 1999 Bangladeshi fare profit from jute added up to US$55 million, with the nation creating 720,000 metric huge amounts of jute, despite the fact that this is around 33% of the jute generation of the center of the 1980s. The decrease in jute creation is ascribed to declining world costs for this yield and to agriculturists changing to different harvests.
Bangladesh additionally creates tea leaves, primarily for fare, in spite of the fact that the fare of this item contributes just 1 percent of the nation’s hard cash profit. In 1998-99 the nation delivered 56,000 metric huge amounts of tea leaves, however it could create twice that sum. The primary impediment to expanding creation is in falling costs for tea in the global market and in administration and control issues in the business in the nation.
Tropical rainforest is vital for keeping up the environmental equalization in Bangladesh, and ranger service contributes 1.9 percent to the GDP (1999-2000). The woods covers around 17 percent of the nation’s domain, or 2.5 million hectares (6.18 million sections of land). The timber is utilized by the development business as a wellspring of building materials, by the printing business as a wellspring of materials to deliver paper, and in the horticultural division as a wellspring of kindling. Business logging is restricted to around 6.1 million cubic feet, and the administration intends to plant more trees inside the following 15 years.
Angling is another vital movement in the nation, contributing 4.9 percent to the GDP (1999-2000) and giving 6 percent of the aggregate fare salary. The general fish creation was around 1.6 million metric tons (1999-2000). Bangladesh principally sends out its shrimp to the worldwide market.
Bangladesh is the fourth biggest rice creating nation on the planet. National offers of the classes of bug spray utilized on rice, including granular carbofuran, engineered pyrethroids, and Malathion surpassed 13,000 tons of planned items in 2003. The bug sprays speak to an ecological danger, as well as are a noteworthy use to poor rice ranchers. The Bangladesh Rice Research Institute is working with different NGOs and worldwide associations to lessen bug spray use in rice.
Wheat is anything but a conventional product in Bangladesh, and in the late 1980s little was devoured in rustic regions. Amid the 1960s and mid 1970s, in any case, it was the main product for which neighborhood utilization expanded on the grounds that outer sustenance help was frequently given as wheat. In the primary portion of the 1980s, local wheat creation rose to in excess of 1 million tons for each year however was still just 7 to 9 percent of aggregate sustenance grain generation. Record generation of about 1.5 million tons was accomplished in FY 1985, yet the next year saw a decline to a little more than 1 million tons. About a large portion of the wheat is developed on inundated land. The extent of land committed to wheat remained basically unaltered somewhere in the range of 1980 and 1986, at somewhat less than 6 percent of aggregate planted territory Wheat additionally represents the incredible main part of imported sustenance grains, surpassing 1 million tons every year and going higher than 1.8 million tons in FY 1984, FY 1985, and FY 1987. The incredible main part of the transported in wheat is financed under guide projects of the United States, the European Economic Community, and the World Food Programmed.
Nourishment grains are developed essentially for subsistence. Just a little level of aggregate creation advances into business channels. Other Bangladeshi sustenance crops, in any case, are developed mostly for the local market. They incorporate potatoes and sweet potatoes, with a consolidated record generation of 1.9 million tons in FY 1984; oilseeds, with a yearly normal creation of 250,000 tons; and natural products, for example, bananas, jackfruit, mangoes, and pineapples. Assessments of sugarcane generation put yearly creation at in excess of 7 million tons for every year, its vast majority handled into a coarse, foul sugar known as gur, and sold locally.
Wood is the principle fuel for cooking and other residential prerequisites. It isn’t astonishing that populace weight has adversy affected the indigenous woodlands. By 1980 just around 16 percent of the land was forested, and woods had everything except vanished from the thickly populated and seriously developed deltaic plain. Help associations in the mid-1980s started investigating the likelihood of animating little scale ranger service to reestablish an asset for which there was no reasonable substitute.
The biggest regions of timberland are in the Chittagong Hills and the Sundarbans. The evergreen and deciduous woodlands of the Chittagong Hills cover in excess of 4,600 square kilometers and are the wellspring of teak for substantial development and vessel working, and also other backwoods items. Trained elephants are as yet used to pull logs. The Sundarbans, a tidal mangrove woodland covering almost 6,000 square kilometers along the Bay of Bengal, is the wellspring of timber utilized for an assortment of purposes, including mash for the residential paper industry, shafts for electric power dispersion, and leaves for covering for abodes.
Commitment of agriculture Sector in GDP of Bangladesh (1950-Till Now)
Year GDP share in agriculture
Year GDP share in agriculture
I need to state, our agriculture division creating step by step. Our farming items are more requested step by step in remote market. It’s expel our joblessness. Agriculture segment keeps critical job in our nation. It is sad for the laborers of our nation that they buckle down for farming items yet get extremely poor out put. It is the principal and first obligation to confer agriculture instruction to our laborers. They ought to be shown the utilization of logical strategies for development.
In perspective of the way that agriculture is the foundation of our national economy, top-need ought to be given for the advancement of our farming. Record-breaking any legislature of Bangladesh has attempted different developers for the enhancement of agriculture. Bangladesh Agriculture is currently during the time spent change from subsistence cultivating into business cultivating. Bangladesh has just gone into the European Market for fare of vegetables and other high esteem crops. This procedure opens a vista to private part interest in the regions of generation of high esteem crops, creation of seeds (particularly half breed seeds), of substance and mixed manures, agro-preparing ventures, and so on. At last, for longer term development, very much structured administration of the water assets is significant and will be especially imperative for adaption to environmental change.