International source is limited in that Carol Nechemias

International Baccalaureate History (HL) InternalAssessment School: Verde Valley SchoolStudent name: Kate BrovinaWorld Count: Content PageSection 1: Identification and Evaluation of Sources………………………………………Section 2: Investigation…………………………………………………………………………Section 3: Reflection…………………………………………………………………………….Bibliography………………………………………………………………………….


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……Section 1: Identification and Evaluation of Sources This investigation focuses on the women’s movements of Russia in 1918-1925, and will discuss “To what extent did the women’s movements of Russia impact Russian society in early 20th century?” I will examine women’s movements throughout early 20th century, including: before Russian Revolution, during Russian Revolution and after Russian revolution. History texts and online archive of women’s movements will be used to investigate the changing situation of women in russian society, specifically the situation of women before the revolution, the role women play in the Russian Revolution, how did the bolsheviks change the lives of women after the Russian Revolution including Soviet social reforms, and the role women after the revolution.

Source A is a primary source, a book title : “Encyclopedia of Russian Women’s Movements”, chosen for detailed analysis. Source B is a secondary source chosen due to the detailed account of the result and causes of the women movement in early 20th century provided in the article “Women before, during and after the Russian Revolution” by Marie Frederiksen, 10 March 2017, that is important for this investigation. Throughout history, the role of women, the history of feminism, the history of women’s struggle for their rights in society has repeatedly varied according to political conditions and discourse for the purpose of serving the interests of those in power.  1.

Source AThe first source which will be evaluated in depth of the Russian women’s movements from the early 19th century to the post-Soviet era is Norma Corigliano Noonan, Carol Nechemias  book “Encyclopedia of Russian Women’s Movements” publication year is 2001. The origin of this source is valuable because ….Furthermore, the date of the publication of the source, 2001, strengthens its value, as it indicates that Carol Nechemias that this “volume contains a comprehensive glossary of term and phrases and a  chronology to help put events and developments into historical context.” Howers, the origin of the source is limited in that Carol Nechemias …The purpose of Nechemias book is to analyze “Women activists pursued improvement in educational opportunities, fought for suffrage, established journals, and sought to transform women’s consciousness and establish women’s studies programs and women’s crisis centers”It is a primary source that This document is useful because it shows Russian Women’s movements strategies of using … and the power struggle to re-established  his leadership through discrediting …2.Source Bhttps://www. The second source evaluated This article “Women before, during and after the Russian Revolution” was taken by Marie Frederiksen, 10 March 2017.  In this article “Marie Frederiksen looks at the approach of the Bolshevik Party to the women’s question from its early days, right through to the revolution and after taking power.”The original was … not quoted directly from “the emancipation of Women in Russia before and after the Russian Revolution, by Elisabetta Rossi, 8 March 2004.Section 2: Investigation Women movements before russian revolution: The situation of women before the revolutionWhat was life like for women before the Russian Revolution?Who were the first women revolutionaries in Russia?What role did women play in the Russian Revolution?During Russian RevolutionHow did the Bolsheviks change the lives of women after the Russian Revolution?Reforms, changing…(the first organization of women workers)Soviet social reformsAfter Russian RevolutionAfter february Women after the revolution The third international and the women’s questionDegeneration of the revolution During this year marks the century of the two Russians Revolutions, the one which was in February in 1917 and another one in October 1917.  Throughout the twentieth century Russian was creating the world’s first communist country. It was a central event, which changed the February Revolution, which was the result of the overthrew the Russian monarch and October Revolution, which result of this one was to put Bolsheviks in charge under the leadership of vladimir Lenin.

At the turn of the nineteenth- twentieth centuries. Russian social class did not have any political organization. In the interests of economic modernization of the country, the  autocratic regime allowed the unification of entrepreneurs in representative and advisory organizations.

The government needed professional expertise of business circles, fearing their united opposition in the economic and political spheres. The impetus to the political activation of the bourgerious was the events of the revolution of 1905-1907, under the influence of which a number of political associations and parties representing the business class arise, and all-Russian representative organization, represented by the Council of Congress of representatives of industry and trade, as an instrument for influencing the economic policy of the government.For the Communist movement, Russian women always been key participants in Revolution. But thanks too these politically active and not indifferent women, the revolution became possible.

The begging of the changes became the fall of the tsarist regime. During that period women were not equal to men, they had different roles, different rights..

.However according the communist manifesto, all persons were equal, which means that it supposed to be similar.Before the Russian Revolution in the 1917,women played revolutionary roles, which was the majority of the population was made  up of patients living in rural backwardness.

During the Tsarist period, the right to beat their wives, and women were not much more than men’s slaves. “According to an 1897 report,only 13.1 % of Russian women were literate” Women was widespread in countryside.During the 1905 Revolution the picture about women radically changed.

For example women would have the right to speak up and tell their ideas, they have the right to vote in electronics to the Duma. This women were prey for the feminist bourgeois movement. “The League for Women’s Equality and the Progressive Women’s Party promoted harmony between female employers and employees, on the basis that they were all women” Women started be more interested to put themselves into the different types of organizations and movements which connect them to the union demands as workers. However  the war against Japan, have a great impact of radicalisation among the peasant women, which shows the importance struggle to be a leaders  in 1904-1905. The big impact of the women ledareshipposition changed in 1914.

It was a process of integration of women onto the workforce. For example as we can see that women became the majority of workers in many factories, they start work more in industry. In addition the percentage of women working in industry extremely increased, which show us that it was the huge impact  how the revolution changed the women’s movements. Women played important role and participation in February and October Revolution in 1917. During ninth mounts prior to the revolution the mass of women had been kept in a passive condition. In fact the Bolsheviks could take power in October in 1917, but the result of a conscious effort to raise and organize unite class, was not only national divisions , but which is important the gender divide.

One of the important impact during the 1917 Revolution it was International Women’s Day. one of the main events of 1917, which led to the Great October Socialist Revolution, was the demonstration of Petrograd workers. On February 23( March 8), women protested against hunger, war and the tsarist regime.On February 23, the goverment attempted to stop the demonstrations called to celebrate International Women’s Day. It was one of the important step during the Revolution to show provoked clashes with workers. “When women are remembered as part of the Communist or any other political tradition it is often as an afterthought, or as part of the support system of the revolution, taking care of the home and the family.

These are important tasks in any struggle but by focusing only on this precludes women from inhabiting the identity of a revolutionary or a theorist. This is in marked contrast to one of the most significant of the achievements of the Russian Revolution in its early phase – it’s radical action in support of full equality between men and women.” Therefore, the International Women’s Day olday should exist to emphasize the strength and significance of women in the world community.unfortunately, in britain this is not enough.  It should be noted the contribution of Russian Feminists to the revolutionary movement.

In Russia, feminism acquired the direction of “Marxist Feminism”, which considered women’s inequality in the context of private property. Section 3: Reflection Participation on the socialist movement of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries saw the attainment of freedom for women through the proletarian revolution. Despite ultra-socialist views, the women’s movement in Russia served as an example for feminists in Europe and Britain. In some regions of revolutionary Russia, women were more politically active than men. An example of political and public activity of women is the military wives or soldiers who were left without support due to mass mobilization during the war. Bibliography


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