Indonesia (/??nd??ni???/ ( listen) IN-d?-NEE-zh? or /??ndo??ni?zi?/ IN-doh-NEE-zee-?; Indonesian: ?ndonesia),lacks stress officially the Republic of Indonesia(Indonesian: Republik Indonesia r?publik ?ndonesia),lacks stress is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world’s largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands.11 At 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), Indonesia is the world’s 14th largest country in terms of land area and the 7th largest in terms of combined sea and land area.
12 It has an estimated population of over 261 million people and is the world’s 4th most populous country, the most populous Austronesiannation, as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country.13 Java, the world’s most populous island,14 contains more than half of the country’s population.Indonesia’s republican form of government includes an elected legislature and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special Administrative status.
Its capital is Jakarta, which is the second most populous urban area in the world; other large urban agglomerations include Bandung, Surabaya and Medan.15 The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world’s third highest level of biodiversity.16 The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold.
Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber.17Indonesia’s major trading partners are Japan, the United States, China and neighbours Singapore, Malaysia and Australia.The Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and p