In “Psychic reality and the nature of consciousness,” the concept of cognitive therapy has came up with the approach that we as human beings have actually been taking a point of view of the mind too mechanistic, and target the traditional part too exclusively. Within psychoanalysis, it seems that researchers are paying too much attention to the inner workings of consciousness and are too occupied to see. You must focus on the unique qualities of human consciousness and also consider mental states that don’t adopt the same qualities. Mark Solms pointed out in his brilliant review of the psychoanalytic concept of consciousness, the Freudian view is that all mental activity is unconscious in itself. Freud thought that mental processes were “only made conscious by the functioning of special organs,”Consciousness is therefore not a part of mental activity, but rather a reflection or perception of it. (Fonagy, 2016, pp 97). In other words, what we experience externally and what we perceive in our minds internally are linked to make our consciousness.
Consciousness is sometimes defined as “a particular kind of ‘awareness’ in human beings, independent from the mind’s activities.” Consciousness has visible and observable degrees but only a fully developed human being possesses all possible states of consciousness.According to the teachings of Advaita Vedanta, the way in which we perceive the worlddepends on our state of consciousness.
For instance, in the normal waking state we perceive discrete objects with names and forms, in the dream state subjective images, in deep dreamlesssleep there are no perceptions and in the transcendental state one is in harmony with everything,and there is nothing apart from the Self. ( Cleeremans, 2007, pp 73). Consciousness fits uneasily into our conception of the natural world. On the most common conception of nature, but the difficulty is actually perceiving what we can define as the conscious mind. A mental state is conscious when there is something it is like to be in that state.
Conscious states include states of perceptual experience, bodily sensation, mental imagery, emotional experience, occurrent thought, and more. (Chalmers, 2010, pp.65).
A major component of consciousness is self-awareness. This might get interpreted in a variety of ways, if it is taken to involve explicit conceptual self-awareness, many non-human animals and even young children might fail to qualify, but if only more rudimentary implicit forms of self-awareness are required then a wide range of nonlinguistic creatures might count as self-conscious.