In per cent of these deaths. By managing

In developing countries, andcountries that have been plagued by violence, conflict and instability, cleanand accessible water should be available.

However, this is not the case. Thereis sufficient water on our planet, but due to poor infrastructure, millions,and in particular children, die from diseases corresponding to lack of cleanwater such as malaria or cholera. If it remains the same, it is predicted thatby 2050, at least one in four people are likely to live in a country affectedby shortages of fresh water. 1According to UNICEF, over 180 millionpeople who live in countries in crisis have limited to no access to cleandrinking water.

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For example, in Syria, which has been in war for nearly eightyears, water has been used as a weapon, with several deliberate water cuts,pumps destroyed, and water resources contaminated. This resulted around 15million, and 6.4 million children in need of clean water. Sanjay Wijesekera,UNICEF’s global chief of water, sanitation and hygiene said, “Children’s accessto safe water and sanitation, especially in conflicts and emergencies, is aright, not a privilege 2.

” The diseases related to unsanitary waterremain among the major causes of death in children; more than 800 children. Furthermore,over than 2 million people die every year from diarrheal diseases. Unsafe wateris responsible for nearly 90 per cent of these deaths.

By managing our water ina sustainable manner, production of food and energy would be better managed,and it would help contribute to economic growth. Currently, Civil societyorganizations are working to keep the governments accountable. They push theminvest in water research and development, and promote the inclusion of women,youth and indigenous communities in water resources governance. Generatingawareness of these roles and turning them into action will lead to win-winresults and increased sustainability and integrity for both human andecological systems. 


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