Interms of local and state citizen groups, the environmental threats that werethought to be linked with the use of fracking fluids prompted residents to formcoalitions and action groups to push for regulation or elimination of frackingpractices within their community. Locally based non profit organizations wereconcerned with the availability of clean water for their communities andecosystem health and viability. Most groups wanted to ban the use of this techniqueto protect watersheds. Although these groups could have significant power andinfluence within a community, they were not influential on a national scale. NationalEnvironmental Groups had been forced to balance advocating natural gas as asolution for reducing the carbon intensity of society while simultaneously condemningfracking as an environmental threat. They did not contribute a significantportion of their resources to fracking concerns. However,environmental governance has to be a multi-level interaction among the state,market and civil society for sustainable development.
It needs to promote thetransition from open-loop/ cradle-to-grave systems (like garbage disposal withno recycling) to closed-loop/cradle-to-cradle systems (like zero wastestrategies). This can be done through embedding the environment in all levelsof decision-making and action; conceptualizing cities and communities, economicand political life as a subset of the environment; and emphasizing theconnection of people to the ecosystems in which they live. Aglobally impactful example of this is the video of how China wants to, ineffect, own the sun- they now produce 2/3 of the worlds solar panels or moreand it is dominant in solar panel manufacturing. Its driven prices down to adrop of almost 90% since the past decade, and price-wise, solar energy can now outcompetefossil-fueled electricity in the Middle East. Trump wanted to pass alegislation to have clean coal, and the Chinese National Energy Administrationis pouring huge money into renewable energy-there are lots of resources goinginto it, and Solar is in the lead.
They have concerns about air pollution andemployment and they wanted a large job creating industry that would beinternationally competitive. These cheap panels are driving a lot of solarinstallation jobs in the USA. Jobs in China are to do with manufacturing thesolar panels, and jobs here in the USA are to do with installation. There is 2%global solar energy in the world-and 1% comes from the USA-therefore, theindustry has a lot of potential to grow to 20-30% by mid-century. The industryhas a lot of effect on how power generation works. Every kilowatt of power thatwe generate with solar, makes a big difference for global warming-in terms ofaccumulation of greenhouse gases and climate change in the long term scale.Solar power can also make a big difference particularly in the electricgenerational side.
Once we get electric vehicles that you can plug into solarpanels and drive, you’re reducing a lot of air pollution. There is also opportunityfor localized solar panels- we can have solar rays providing charging power forelectric vehicles installed all over the highway systems; we can haveindividual solar panels put on the top of buildings and homes; and we can alsohave huge installations that supply power to the grid which will demand moretransmission lines-and are in effect, excellent, great paying jobs.