In the essay “Opinions and Social Pressure,” Solomon Asch developed a research study to figure out what forms of impact group pressure may have on individuals. What he was able to gather From his research, was that a large amount of people fell under group pressure, in addition to that he discovered that others may also go against the decision of the majority. Solomon Asch sought to discover how group pressure impelled individuals (176).
He aspired to discover the reach on which social forces played on people’s decisions. Within the most recent eras we’ve witnessed and read about such things as propaganda having influence over whole societies. Solomon Asch wanted to discover the role in which social conditions played on the formation of opinions in people (176).
One hundred and twenty three male college students were involved in the study. Participants were shown a series of lines, a ‘standard’ line and several other lines in which they would match to the standard line. Their responses were read aloud one by one based on the order of seating. All of the individuals were asked to answer one by one prior to the start of the experiment, with the exception of one person out of the group. That person was chosen as the emphasis of the study, seated at the end of the seating arrangement. His answers gave insights to the effective role social pressure plays on people’s decisions (178).
During the trials, 36.8 percent of the participants sided with the unanimous incorrect answers given by the group. Another trial of the study showed, when given at least two people who answered incorrectly, it drastically swayed the opinion of the chosen individual, causing the individual to answer incorrectly by 13.6 percent. Given at least three people who answered incorrectly, the percentage jumped to 31.8 percent, however, anymore than three people would cause the effects of social pressure to remain fairly consistent (180).
Solomon Asch also conducted an experiment where no subjects were told of the researchers intentions; the results were a less than one percent margin on incorrect answers (180). Solomon Asch continued the study by adding ‘partners’ into the group.