In learn language all day. They are obliged

In  Indonesia,  English  is  not  used  only  for  the  practical  purpose  but  also  for  the  interpersonal communication.  It  works  as  the  Business  Language  as  well  as  the  Lingua Franca, which can  be  defined  as  a  language  widely  adopted  for  communication to link up the people from all around the world to share information. It is widely accepted that fluency in English language is a key to success in life. Considering the importance of English, it should be taught in the schools as a foreign language.(Shams, 2008)defines there are some factors  that  in?uence  the  learning  processing foreign language learning context,  such  as  motivation,  attitudes and learning  achievements. Moreover, learner’s attitude is known as one of the most important factors that impact on learning a language.

According to (Latchanna, 2009), attitude is defined as a mental state that includes beliefs and feelings which means that attitude  has  been  identified  as  one  of  the crucial  factors  in  learning  a  foreign language. Moreover, (Kara, 2009) defines  that  attitudes  towards  learning  besides  opinions  have  an influence  on students’ behaviors and consequently on their performance which means that positive attitude facilitate students language learning and vice versa, if students do not have the interest in acquiring target language, this student will have a negative attitude and will not be enthusiastic in learning language. Thus, learners’ attitudes could incorporate in language learning because it may in?uence their performance in acquiring the target language. This study looks for the concept of attitude as one of the affective factors for success in learning a foreign language. More specifically, it investigates in MACI Amanatul Ummah Surabaya.

MACI Amanatul Ummah is an Islamic boarding school in Surabaya that has an educational aim to gives priority to the foreign language learning especially English to be used in their social environment. The English learning system of this school is different with others. Students are not only about attending the class every morning and end in the mid day, but they learn language all day. They are obliged to stay in the dorm at the school area and speak English to practice English in their daily life.

Many studies have been conducted to explore the students’ attitudes towards learning foreign language in general. For instance, (Shams, 2008) conducted a study to examine students’ attitudes, motivation  and  anxiety  towards learning English.  The result showed that students had positive attitudes and high enthusiasm towards English which emphasized the value of English language efficiency in the daily life and (Gitawaty, 2010) also stated that there is correlation between students’ attitude and their achievement in learning English. In those previous studies above, it showed that attitude is closely related to learning which can affect learning. Therefore, the researcher expects to fill a gap, Do the students who have positive attitude will implement their positive acts toward English in their daily life? Or do they did the opposite?. Because of this reason, this study was aimed to identify how is the students’ attitude toward L1, L2 and L3 and their language practices outside the school hours. It will also describe in depth the correlation between their language attitude and their achievement in learning English. The researcher addressed the following research questions:

1.      How is the students’ attitude toward L1, L2, L3?

2.      What is their language used out of school hours in relation to their attitude?

3.      Is there any correlation between their language attitudes in their learning achievement?

This paper contains of five chapters, chapter I is introduction, it covers    General background, previous studies, research gap and research problem. Chapter II talks about the literature review. Chapter III describes the method and methodology which is used in conducting the research. It covers the research design, participants, instrument, data collection technique, and data analysis. The researcher will describe them one by one. Chapter IV is about result and discussion. Chapter V is conclusion of the paper.

1.      Theoretical Framework

1.1  Language

Language is a part of human life that cannot be separated. Language is the most important thing for human communication (Whatmough, 1957). They use language to express their thought and communicate with others.It means that language has meaning which is able to be expressed by thoughts about what somebody needs or want. It consists of information that can be accepted by the deliverer and that receiver within dealing. It can be concluded that Language is really important for human being because it is a tool for communication between people to understand one another.


1.2  Attitude and Language Attitude

Attitude is an expression of respect or disrespect toward a place, person, thing or event. According to (Rasyid, 2015) Attitude is rather permanent way of thinking, feeling   or   behaving   towards   someone   or something. It means that attitude is response or   tendency   by   relatively   way   to people,  thing  or  etc. Attitude is also measurable and changeable which can influence the person’s emotion and behavior. If   the   students  have positive   attitude,   it   becomes   the   good beginning   for   the   learning   and   teaching process and vice versa(Kara, 2009).In   general,   the   concept   of   attitude   in psychology   defined   as   an   evaluation   of positive or negative toward thing or people. According to (Ahmadi, 2009)attitude involves three components that interact with the object. These components include:

1.       Cognitive component, associated with knowledge, beliefs or thoughtsthat  are  based  on  information  associated  with  the  object. For instance: knowledge   that   they   receive   and   their understanding in the process of language learning. 

2.       Affective component, refers to the emotional dimension of attitudes,emotions are associated with the object. Here the object perceivedas pleasant or unpleasant. For instance: students express whether they like or dislike the situation    or    materials    of    teaching learning process.

3.       Behavior component involving one of predisposition toact towards the object, it deals with the skill. For instance: it is about the way one react in particular reaction.



1.3  L1 , L2, L3

L1 is known as a mother tongue, it is the first language that we learn when we are a baby. In Indonesia context, L1 defines as language from the ethnic minority. For instance, people in east java has Javanese as their L1, people in West Java has Sudanese as their L1, etc. 

Language that learners learn after they have acquired their mother tongue – or first language (L1) – is referred as second language (L2) and in this term L2 can be define as Bahasa Indonesia as the official and national language. For the target language or foreign language (L3) refers to English as an international language. Many people believe that learning English will provide more opportunities for socio-economicbene?ts (Kirkpatrick, 2010). Thus, in educational context for some institution, students are expected master English well.

1.4  Students’ Achievement

Achievement is the students’ ability after he received a learning experience. Students’ achievement are changes include the areas of cognitive,affective  and  psychomotor  oriented  experienced   by  students (Sudjana, 2005). Moreover, (King, 1998) stated that “Achievement is considered as the drive and energy students bring to school work in desire to make progress in their learning and achievement.” In other words, achievement deals with changing of students’ behavior in their knowledge, skill and attitude in learning after they have followed teaching learning process in particular period of time.


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