In Pakistan Murders in the name of honour are prevalent, mostlyin rural areas however some incidence are reported in urban cities of Pakistan.Named differently according to region, Karo kari in Sindh, kala kali in Punjab,siyakari in Balochistan, and tor tora in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
according to asurvey (Thomson Reuters Foundation Trust 2011) Pakistan is number three in theworld most dangerous countries for women. In Sindh this is a deep rooted custom, normally its not considered as murder,and murderers are backed by their families,in the practice of karokari which is believe to wash off family dishonour, practiced largly in tribal areas of Kashmore, Khairpur, Shikarpur, sukkur, Ghotkiand Jacobabad..Although it’s a gender neutral killing but often women arekilled in While men often escape death by running away orpersuading the woman’s relatives to accept cash, land, or a woman from theirown clan in marriage, women suspects rarely have such alternatives.
In mostcases, the family of the accused woman does not seek any concrete evidence ofadultery. A man can kill a woman on the basis of rumors of her talking to,walking, smiling at or sitting next to a man other than her husband andimmediate male family members, quite apart from sleeping with another man. Eveneducated families with a certain degree of socio-cultural awareness do notspeak out against this custom. Some sacrifice the woman concerned only topreserve their honor, while others do it because they are forced by socialpressureIn sindhi culture woman is considered as a property of man, womanare considered inferior to man andsymbol of family respect and she cant marry a man of her choice most of thetime father decide for her daughters marriage , when she commit adultery,divorce demand, rape victim, If a girl is raped she is assumed to be a reasonof shame for family, and she is killed to sustain family honour. Many cases arereported for honour killing where agricultural lands are main resource ofincome. So many people plot karo kari like an industry. Another reason can beusing the right of khula. Exact statistics is unknown due to under-reporting of suchinciden because most of the time they hide it .
according to Human RightsCommission of Pakistan 2012, every year 1000 women and girls are killed inPakistan. According to Research and Development for Human Resource for the year2011 in 2012, 605 women and 115 men were murdered in the name of karo kari. Accordingto official data published by Pakistani senate in 2004, the highest number ofreported karo kari cases were in Punjab, then in Sindh, then in North_WestFrontier Province and then in South_western Province of Baluchistan. In sindh Jacobabad is leading in honourkillings around 55 to 60 cases a month(Nafeesa shah, 1998).In islam killing is not allowed in any way, karo kari isunislamic practice.
If we go back and try to find out the root of honourkilling in India it may evolved fromcustom of sati. According to the custom of satti when a man died woman burnherself with her husband. During British rule in India Sir Charles James Napierban this practice and made a law of punishment. But still that custom wascontinued.
Sir Charles james napierarrived in sindh in 1848 and he banned karo kari in Sindh as well. Sindhi culture is not inclined to violenceagainst woman, They were more focused to their land expansion, wealth. Now question is how it became a custom ofsindhi culture. It is assumed that its came from baloch tribal areas as theyhave intense attitude toward woman. Because of more empowerning resources and goodsupply of water in Sindh baloch people started to come to sindh, as soon asBaloch people moved to sindh cultural changes occurred. And karo kari custompenetrated in sindhi culture, and today in sindh leading honour killing occursin Jacobabad which is highly populated baloch city.