In identity which brought Canada into the international

In conclusion, during the twenties century, through the war efforts, peacekeepingmissions, and the domestic development, step by step, Canada earned its pride, recognition, and respect. Canada gained its national symbol, internationalreputation, and its unique identity which brought Canada into the internationalstage as a strong and independent nation. AfterWWII, Canada was no longer thought negligible due to our contribution in WWII.Canada’s contribution was extraordinary, especially given its small population(Colyer, Draper, Hoogeveen, & Cecillon, 2016, p. 372). Canada was neverunder the impression of a powerful country, but gained influence on othercountry. During 1945 to present we started to develop our identity a stepfarther.

Canada earned its identity on the international stage as peacekeeper,created our own flag and brought home the Constitution and the Charter ofRights and Freedoms. The contribution Canada made in the world wars is balancedby Pearson’s achievements for peace. “Canadian Nobel Peace Prize laureateLester B. Pearson is considered to be the father of modern United NationsPeacekeeping” (Wikipedia, 2014).

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Person developed the first large-scalepeacekeeping force in United Nation where he “pulled the world back from thebrink of war in the Middle East” (CBC, 2001). Canada is recognized upon by theworld for sending troops to various parts of the world in a peacekeeping role,supporting the peacekeeping missions and participating in more missions thenany other country in the world. Canada had a strong role in making the UnitedNations work as an international body for peace. Canada’s peacekeeping effortis the source of national pride and providing Canada’s newfound identity, whichseparate Canada from the other nations. During WWI and WWII Canada was foughtunder the Red Ensign flag.

The Red Ensign flag was designed with the Britishflag in the left corner and the coat of arm in the middle. The idea that Canadashould have a flag of its own was first introduced by Mackenzie King and thedebate began. Are we a country with an identity that is separate from ourBritish roots and more diverse? Or, should we remain loyal to Great Britain(Editor, 2014)? In 1960 The issue was raised again by Lester Pearson. “He sawit as a way to promote national unity and a new identity that was inclusive ofall Canadians and not just those with British roots” (Editor, 2014). In 1965the Canadian flag that we known today was formally presented for the firsttime. During the ceremony Speaker of the Senate, the Honourable Maurice Bourgetsaid: “The flag is the symbol of the nation’s unity, for it, beyond any doubt,represents all the citizens of Canada without distinction of race, language,belief or opinion” (Government of Canada, n.

d.). By1967, Canada had its own national symbols, earned pride, respect, andrecognition and finally had all the elements of an independent nation. Canadahad all the power of an independent nation, with one exception: the power tochange on its own Constitution, which could only be done by the BritishParliament (Library and Archives Canada, 2017). On April 17, 1982,Canada receiving the approval of the Britain for the last time, in Ottawa,Queen Elizabeth II signed the Constitution Act.

This gave Canada control overits Constitution. The Constitution is thesupreme law of Canada, which laws, and protection of individual civil rights,it also introduced rights and freedoms of all Canadians through The Charter ofRights and Freedoms. “The constitution symbolizes Canada’s journey from colonyto independent nation” (Library and Archives Canada, 2017).  Between1920-1945, Canada’s development continued as it moved towards becoming moreinclusive and democratic.

There was an expansion of political parties thatrepresented more Canadians, especially farmers and workers who lacked a strongvoice in government. Canada was going through the Great Depression and therewasn’t much support from the government for its citizens. People becomefrustrated with the existing political parties.

They lost confidence in theirgovernments and were demanding change. As a result, new political partiesappeared. These parties included the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF),the Social Credit Party, and the Union Nationale. The most important of thesewas the CCF which proposed unemployment insurance, free medical care, familyallowances and old age pensions. Many of his ideas have been adopted in Canada.The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) Party later was renamed the NewDemocratic Party in 1961. (Dumouchelle, 2012) Today this party has continuedthe tradition of representing workers and farmers and making sure they haveproper working conditions, strong labour unions, social security and pensions.  Withthe coming of World War II Canada was again a strong contributor to the wareffort for which it gained more international recognition.

Its strong supportof the allied forces was evident in the Battle of Dieppe on the coast ofFrance. This was a disastrous battle. As the soldiers were attempting to landon shore, they were shot down by German soldiers who were expecting for theallied forces. Of the 6,100 troops, 5,000 were Canadian soldiers, many of whomwere killed, wounded, or captured. The sacrifice made by Canadian soldiers iswell remembered by the French people (Veterans Affairs Canada, 2005). “Today,the town of Dieppe is filled with maple leaf flags and Canadian symbols, andits seafront promenade holds a park and several memorials to the regiments thatcame ashore in 1942” (Herd, 2013). The unfortunate loss of life at Dieppetaught the allied forces lessons which they used for the future crucial battlein France called D-Day. For instance they learned that the element of surprisewas essential (Colyer, Draper, Hoogeveen, & Cecillon, 2016, p.

299). Thiswas a battle they could not lose and by winning, it would end WWII. Theinvasion was called “Operation Overlord” (Colyer, Draper, Hoogeveen, &Cecillon, 2016, p. 299). The bravery of Canadian soldiers on D-Day wasevidenced by the fact they drove further into the country than any other Allieddivision to liberate the French people (Keegan, 2004). Due to this, Canadianhelped to secured the crucial spot where the allies could continue fighting.

This decisive Allied victory brought an end to WWII. The lessons learned atDieppe were instrumental in saving countless lives on D-Day and ending the war(Veterans Affairs Canada, 2005). Canada, through the sacrifice of theirsoldiers, was recognized and celebrated on the world stage for their braveryand courage.  Theperiod from 1900 to 1920, were critical developmental steps for the youngnation. At the onset of war, when Britain declared war on Germany, Canadaautomatically followed its mother country Britain in fighting against TheTriple Alliance.

Canadian soldiers made a huge contribution to the war effort.The Battle of Vimy Ridge in 1917 was the most important battle for Canada.”Today a 45m high monument sits on top of the ridge.  It is there tohonour all the brave Canadian soldiers that fought and died at Vimy Ridge”(Rajkumar, 2012).

Following the victory at Vimy Ridge, Canadian soldierscontinued fighting on the muddy battlefields in Belgium, at a battle known asPasschendaele. “The sacrifice of Canadian soldiers in the battle iscommemorated by the Canadian Passchendaele Memorial…The Canadians who died inthe battle are buried and remembered at war cemeteries throughout the area”(Foot, 2006). The Canadian victory at Passchendaele added to Canada’s growingreputation. These achievement at Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele helped ourcountry to gain recognition and respect on the international stage, This esteemhelped earn us a separate signature on the Treaty of Versailles that formallyended the First World War (Veterans Affairs Canada, 2017). Canada had arrivedon the world stage.

Another important defining moment during this time was theformation of the League of Indians. Indigenous Canadians were not recognized ashaving equal rights to other Canadians and struggled to be recognized. The maingoal of the League of Indians was to improve living conditions of Indigenouspeople and to protect their rights.

Even though it did not accomplisheverything they had hoped for, it did inspire other political organizations(Library and archives Canada, 2005). Those supporting equal rights ofIndigenous Canadians today can trace the beginning of the movement to theLeague of Indians. By the end of WWI Canada had earned a national identity.This was the start of Canada being recognized on the international stage.

 Andat the same time the beginning of the recognition of a nation within thenation, that of Indigenous Canadians.   Thetwentieth century was an important period in history for Canada because ithelped to shape Canada into an independent, modern, and multicultural country.Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier stated, “I think the twentieth century shall befiled by Canada.” Canada progressed during the twentieth century through anumber of defining moments that earned it pride, recognition, and respectshaping Canada into the strong, independent country that it is today. Thisessay will explain how these defining moments thrust Canada into the worldstage.


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