In were having the secondary and higher

In the table 3, the profile of diversified and undiversified farm household with respect to age, education, social category, annual household income, type of farmer, type of family and family size is presented. Of the total farm households 82 have diversified income sources.

Majority of the respondents were from the mature age group. A significant difference (?2 =7.069; P<0.10) has been found between the age of respondents from diversified and undiversified households.

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The farmers who are adopter of diversified income sources are younger as compare to undiversified. Regarding education, there is a significant difference is found in the education status of diversified and undiversified farmer at 5 percent level of significance. Uneducated farmers getting their income from single sources while educated farmer have multiple income sources. 47.56 percent farmers were have secondary and higher secondary education. While only 30.43 percent  farmers were having the secondary and higher secondary education qualification.

As far as land size are concerned, majority of the farmers were marginal and small. But among them most of marginal farmers were belong to the undiversified group and a statistically (?2 = 6.473; P 0.039) a significant difference is in observed  in the size of operation holding between diversified and undiversified farmers. Regarding income level, chi-sqaure test indicates a significant difference between the farmers having diversified and undiversified sources of income  (?2 = 9.004; P 0.239). Results show that higher the diversified income sources, higher the level of income of the farm households.

About  type of family, analysis shows that farmers having joint family are diversified farmers. A statically significant difference is found in type of family between both type of farmers (?2 = 6.022; P 0.0.013). Chi-square test (?2 = 7.877;P.049) rejects the null hypothesis of no difference in the size of family of diversified and undiversified farmers at 5 percent level.

30.49 percent diversified farmers were from the family size above 10 members. As far as social group belongings are concern, Statistical results shows no significant between (?2 = 3.385; P 0.0.184).

Most of the sample farm household are belong to OBC category. Hence the null hypotheses H1 that there is no significant difference in socio-demographic characteristics of diversified and undiversified farm household is rejected for the variable taken in the study except social category.


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