conclusion, Indonesia may have several reasons to build Nuclear Power Plant.
For many of them, the main reason is related to environmental friendly which
have not air pollutant. The other reasons are also competitive in cost and
power, and many fuels of uranium potential in Indonesia. So, Indonesia should
consider these reasons for construction NPP plan in the future.
Finally, Indonesia have many prosperous fuel
resources, including uranium. Related to the NPP development plan in Indonesia,
communities doubt readiness of uranium as NPP fuel. Since 1972, BATAN has
conducted exploration activity of radioactive materials. This activity take a
result that Indonesia have potential uranium resources by the amount of about
63 thousand tons uranium . So far, there are four location potetial that have
uranium for NPP fuel; in Mamuju, West Sulawesi; Bangka Belitung; Kalan, West
Kalimantan and Papua. Nowadays, utilization of uranium in Indonesia isn’t
exploitation plan yet, but still in exploration research. Thus, the
availability of abundance uranium in several location in Indonesia can make
people realize that NPP can be utilize for generate electricity suistainable.
Second, another reason why Indonesia should
take NPP is the power and cost of nuclear power is competitive and inclined
stable. Uranium as fuel of NPP able to generate electricity larger than fossil
fuels. It can be assumed that 1 gram uranium can produce heat energy which is
equivalent to the burning result of 4 ton coal fuels and 2 ton crude oil fuels.
This assumption can be convertion to kWh, 1 billion kWh (1 GWh) only need 1 ton
of typical enriched uranium fuel, it is as much as 160000 ton of coal fuel. National
Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) has been
calculated the cost of electricity NPP based on economical feasibility. The
cost of electricity NPP will be around 4,8 cent$/kWh. In short, NPP has larger
power and lowest cost than fossil
First, the reason of Indonesia need nuclear
energy to replace using fossil resources is environmental considerations. Benefits
of NPP in environmental aspect are clean and environmental friendly 3. NPP have
the lowest environmental impact. During normal operation, NPP do not produce
air pollution which contain carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2)
and nitrogen oxide (NO). These harmful gasses can cause health effect and
premature death 4. The current NPP in the world has been studied annually that
operating NPP can prevent the emission of more than 2 billion tons of CO2.
Thus, the nuclear power plants can achieve the target of Indonesia’s government
to reduce CO2 releases into the atmosphere which cause global
warming and effect of climate change.
Indonesia has plenty of energy resources. Power
Plant in Indonesia is depend on fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas which will
be exhausted and gives contribute to the greenhouse effect 1. According to
National Long-Term Development Plan 2005 – 2025 stated that nuclear energy will
be utilized as power plant in Indonesia. Nuclear power plant (NPP) is expected
to contribute 17% from energy mix in 2025 2. However, nuclear reactor
construction plan in Indonesia faces obstacles. It because not many people know
about important reasons of NPP for the Country. Indonesia need to build Nuclear
Power Plant for a variety of reasons: environmental considerations, competitive
and availability of abundant fuel.