In and sheds blood, while we declare Your

In Islam leadership is essential inbuilding and developing an organization or association. The failure or successof an organization is largely determined by the characteristics and styles ofleaders of the organization. Leadership in Islam is a mandate that must beimplemented to ensure the continuity of the messenger brought by the Prophet.In Surah Al Baqarah verse 30, Allah said:?????? ????? ?????????????????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????? – 2:30And mention, O Muhammad, when yourLord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successiveauthority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruptiontherein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?”Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.”    This clearly shows that Allah S.W.T.

naturally (nature) creates humanityto manage all the treasures and creatures that exist on the land, in the oceanor in the air. And human nature also loves to live in society and need eachother and lead and lead each other. Rasulullah s.a.w. said that means:Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)said: When three are on a journey, they should appoint one of them as theircommander.

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(Sunan Abu Daud fi Kitab Al Jihad Book 8)    When human beings have been commissioned by Allah S.W.T. as a manager,then if it is deeply rooted in the job it is a responsibility (trust) that mustbe borne by mankind. And at the same time each responsibility will be accountedfor by God S.W.

T. in the hereafter in line with the Prophet s.a.w. which means:??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???: ????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ?????????.

..”Every one of you is a leader andeach of you must be responsible for your leadership”.    In Islamic Shariah, leadership is mentioned specially by the wordKhilafa and Imama. Though there remain another words used as the meaning of aLeader in various Islamic verses and speeches such as Amir-ul-Muminin, Amir,Ja`eem, Sayyid, Qa`eed, Malik, Sheikh and others, but yet the words mentionedearlier are the most famous and most important in describing the state of leadership.With some differences in practice all of these words are used interchangeablyto indicate a leader. Muslim thinkers of the modern era differentiate amongthese synonymous words.

     Leadership is an important element to achieve success and to establishpeace and happiness in society. Islam always tries to make sure the rule of thebest on every sphere of life, individual or social. For this, it elaboratelydeclares the qualities and pre-conditions needed for an ideal leader.

IslamicShariah composed of the authoritative source of Al Qura?an and the Sunnah,along with the Islamic Fiqh has given the direction. The attributes of therighteous caliphs also helps us to determine the required qualities to select aleader for the Muslim Ummah.


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