In the past decade, the number of people working in UN peaceoperations has increased more than ten-fold, from roughly 12,000 to more than115,000, with a further 12,000 authorized for deployment. The rapid missiongrowth and deployment into desperately poor and chaotic situations brought growingreports of serious misconduct by military and civilian personnel alike. The UNhas undertaken significant efforts since 2004 to build a system for disclosing,investigating, and punishing crimes. These efforts may be gaining traction:reported cases of sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers have declinedfrom their peak of 357 in 2006 to 83 in 2008, although allegations of otherforms of serious misconduct—what the UN calls Category I offenses—appear tohave remained roughly constant at 100 per year.
The delegation of Morocco believes that any criminal offence committed by an authorized person/experton mission is required to be prosecuted by law before the competent nationalcourts of the accused.Crime inMorocco is a moderate concern, particularly in major cities and tourist areas.The Moroccan government does not publish statistics pertaining to crime.Despite this in December 2016 the Moroccan National Police (DGSN) issued apublic statement indicating that 466,997 people suspected of committing crimeswere arrested during that year.
The government of Morocco iscompletely against experts committing crime on any of their missions. Yet theagents on their missions commit horrific crimes and escape law due to theirbasic excuse-mission to protect their country. Mohammed Atlassi from Morocco had been socializing themselves with theNon-Aligned Movement and the African Group-since 1960, Morocco hadprovided trained contingents to peacekeeping activities.
He also commented thatany criminal activity by experts on missions won’t be accepted by the governmentof Morocco. Such crimes affected the credibility of the UnitedNations, this is because these experts are really respected and important forthe UN and there should be no deviation from the objectives of the Organizationbecause of such incidents. The UN has adopted a two-step approach to an upright and effectivecriminal righteousness for non-military UN mission personnel. Step one wouldaccord primary jurisdiction to the sending state/state of nationality, if it meetsrelevant conditions regarding extraterritoriality and criminal justicesystem performance, and has agreed to prosecute well-founded allegations ofcriminal behavior. Step two would assign responsibility for criminalinvestigation and prosecution to a collaborative criminal justice mechanism ofthe United Nations and the host state, to be stipulated in the missionmandate passed by the UN Security Council and reinforced by the Status ofMission Agreement with the host state.