Imaging to try to diagnose the problem

Imagingin Gynecology            Gynecologicaldiseases that occur in females can be very painful and sometimes an emotionalsituation. The best way to detect a lot of the diseases and cancers of the gynecologicalsystem is having a yearly physical exam, as like other cancer and diseasesearly detection is key.  Some differentdiseases include cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer and vaginalcancer (Gynecologic 2017). Cervicalcancer used to be the leading cause of death for women, around 12,000 womenwere diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2014 (Gynecologic2017). After the psychical exam doctors can order certain tests to try todiagnose the problem a patient might be having.

The most commonimaging tests preformed to diagnose gynecological diseases are ultrasounds,computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasounds are sound wavesthat make soft tissue visible on the inside of the body, the sound wave signalare then converted onto the computer to form an image (Radiology 2017). The imageallows for the uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes to be viewed (Pelvic2017). Ultrasound is used in gynecology to evaluate the reproductive system aswell as the phases of pregnancy (Fuller 2018).

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While a patient is pregnant shewill receive multiple ultrasounds to check up on the baby. This allows doctorsto see any abnormalities, gender, and how far along the patients is (Fuller2018). Another type of ultrasound is a pelvic ultrasound, this allows thedoctor to examine the female’s pelvic organs (Pelvic 2017). There are two differentpelvic ultrasounds, transabdominal and transvaginal. The transabdominalultrasound is through the abdomen using a conductive gel, the transvaginal is throughthe vagina using a sheath and conductive gel (Pelvic 2017).

The ultrasound isuseful to be able to tell whether there is an actual mass or a cyst and how bigthe ovary actually is.Computed tomographyis another imaging test its an x-ray that takes multiple pictures as it rotatesaround the body (Cancer 2014). Once the pictures have been taken the computerproduces a sliced image of the body part for are viewing (Cancer 2014). Thecomputed tomography provides information like the size, shape, and location ofa tumor, or if the tumor has spread to other parts of the body (Cancer 2014).  The computed tomography is used mainly becauseit produces a better detailed image of organs and blood vessels than a normalx-ray (Radiology 2017). A general x-ray only shows bones and outline of some organsbut can be used as a starting point in diagnosing the patient.

For somecomputed tomography test patients may have to drink an oral contrast, thishelps to outline body structures (Cancer 2014). IV contrast can also beinjected to highlight organs and vessels. Before contrast can be injected labshave to be done to make sure kidney function is with in normal limits, this cancause kidney failure (Radiology 2017).

 Thedoctor should give patient instructions on what the patient can eat or drinkprior to the day of testing.Magneticresonance imaging is a test that uses magnets and radio waves to produce picturesof organs and structures in the body (Radiology 2017). Magnetic resonance imagingshows the exact location and size of tumors (Fuller 2018). The patient lies onthe table that goes into the magnetic resonance machine, some patients may feelclaustrophobic as the space is very small inside the machine (Radiology 2017).  The MRI then produces a very clear image thatshows congenital abnormalities in the reproductive tract, these pictures orscans allow doctors to develop a preoperative plan for reconstructive surgery (Fuller2018). These imagingtests allow the radiologist to view and help the doctor to diagnose certaingynecological diseases and cancers.

Ultrasounds, computer tomography and MRIproduces different types of image, these images allow any abnormality in thepatient to be seen. These tests are done to get to a baseline of the issue andare the starting point for diagnoses. Depending on the diagnoses surgery may berequired for the removal of the abnormality. Some surgery may include removal ofthe cervix, labia, partial hysterectomy or total hysterectomy. Some diagnosesrequire surgery, followed by radiation or chemotherapy or combination of both.  Reference Cancer Society, A. (2014, August 5).

Tests forOvarian Cancer | How Is Ovarian Cancer D       Diagnosed?Retrieved December 07, 2017, from             cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/how-diagnosed.html Cancer Society , A. (2014, June 17).

How IsVaginal Cancer Diagnosed? Retrieved December 0             07, 2017, from       staging/how-diagnosed.html Fuller, J.

K. (2018 ). SurgicalTechnology Principle and Practice(7th ed.). Missouri, St Loius . Gynecologic Cancers. (2017, June 07).

RetrievedDecember 07, 2017, from Pelvic Ultrasound 101.

(n.d.). RetrievedDecember 07, 2017, from           ound_92,P07784 


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