i) landfill, people throw away their trash into

i) In what specificways (pick 3 or 4) do Canadians impact the environment currently? Canadians impact the environment in many ways, even when we don’t meanto. Some of our daily activities can make a major difference in our world andcontribute to a big problem.

Water pollution. Waterpollution is the addition of harmful chemicals to water or in easier words, water pollutionis the contamination of water. This resource is very important to us humans,animals, and plants, and destroying it, will result in major consequences. Weaffect our water by littering, oil spills, pesticides, pipeline waste, andtoxic waste.Littering is when someone disposes their waste, in a not so goodway. Instead of recycling it, or a worse option, sending it to the landfill,people throw away their trash into the ocean. This can release many toxins,which can be seen as “infecting” our water. Oil spills don’t happen very often,but when they do, they can leave a big mark on bodies of water.

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When oil isbeing transported, careless workers let oil leak through boats, which cancreate a thick viscous layer on the ocean.1 This covers birds’feathers decreasing their ability to fly, it is consumed by fish, which findsits way into the food chain, and eventually into us humans. This can furtherlead to diseases being spread, and illness.

Pesticides may help farmers growcrops faster and easier, but it does not look so good in the long run. Thesepesticides are absorbed by plants, and into the soil.2This soilreleases water, ultimately going into our pipelines, and into our water cycle. Pipelinesdeliver water supply to our homes, workplaces, and schools. They assist us in receivingour water in a more efficient and convenient way. However, sometimes, we arenot careful with what we put down our pipelines, such as paint, oil, or eventhings as simple as eggshells and coffee grounds.

3 These items canclog our drainage systems resulting in high costs, and overall damage to theenvironment. Toxic waste is something most of us cannot control, but larger companiescan reduce the amount of waste they produce or dump into the ocean. Toxic wasteincludes chemicals, heavy metals, radiation, and other toxins.4 Thesedangerous substances can harm different types of marine life, and the watercycle.      ii) What consequencescould there be if Canadians fail to reduce their impact on the environment inthe future?Some consequences that could potentially occur if Canadians fail to rudetheir impact on the environment in the future would be damaged food chains,illness or disease, ecosystems being destroyed, dead animals, and economiccost.

Food chains can be majorly affected by water pollution. If one trophiclevel consumes the pollutant, then it can be passed onto larger animals, thusonto us. Disease or illness works hand in hand with damaged food chains. Sincethese substances are not common in everyday consumption, it can bother animals,and hurt them, or possibly trigger diseases that can be spread and maybe evenkill.5Ecosystems can be destroyed by our careless acts, or simplydumping pollutants into local lakes. This can over populate bodies of waterwith algae and more organisms, which absorbs and reduces oxygen supply.

Thiscan alter the food chain, and disrupt it. Should the water supply be poisoned, itcan possibly kill all animals (including aquatic animals). According toeviropol.com, “16000 miles of a US coastline was affected by and oil spill.

That water pollution caused a lot of damage and deaths of many animals. Over8,000 animals (birds, turtles, mammals) were reported dead just 6 months afterthe spill.”. Water pollution does not only affect our earth, but our financialwell-being as well. Since it costs a lot more to purify polluted water, companieslose money trying to clean up major messes. In addition to this issue, fishingstock is negatively impacted. This is a direct result because of a decreasinglevel of oxygen, killing fish, and lowering business for fisheries.6


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