“I of illegal activity, and all the while

“I make my living on my boat. If I lose her I lose everything”(Hemingway 4).Harry Morgan is a fishing boat captain who frequently travels from Key West, Florida to Havana, Cuba. In the exposition of the novel, Harry was asked to take three Cubans to America, but he had declined them, even though they were offering him $3,000, and for his family money is tight. Harry does this because it is dangerous and very much illegal. This burden does not stay with Harry long though, as all three men had been shot and killed right after they left from speaking with Harry. Hemingway uses Pathos to emphasize just how valuable this boat is to Harry Morgan. Without his boat, Harry would not be able to feed his family, as Harry (and the boat) are the main source of income for the Morgan family.”I held him quiet just a second, and then I laid him down across the stern. He lay there, face up, quiet, in his good clothes, with his feet in the cockpit; and I left him”(Hemingway 54).Unlike in the exposition of the novel, Harry had agreed to ship other men to America for more money. This was negotiated out with Mr. Sing, who would also be joining them on the journey. Harry was always weary of him, and described the character as not trustworthy. Right after Mr. Sing steps aboard the boat, Harry asks him for the money and after he gets the money (confirming Harry’s judgements) Harry kills Mr. Sing by suffocating him. After this the boat is more-or-less a setting of some sort of illegal activity, and all the while this was happening the men he was transporting did not witness this because they were locked in the cabin. Later, Harry drops the men off back in Cuba, and Harry could now be characterized as a crook.”‘Leave it alone,’ the man who was steering told him. The nigger lay on the floor of the cockpit and there were sacks of liquor, shaped like hams, piled everywhere. He had made himself a place in them to lay down in. Every time he moved there was the noise of broken glass in the sacks and there was the odor of spilled liquor. The liquor had run all over everything. The man was steering for Woman Key now. He could see it now plainly”(Hemingway 68).The chapter opens to a mood of dreariness. Harry Morgan and his helper (Wesley) wake up on the boat after a while of drifting. After the incident with Mr. Sing, Harry had resorted to transporting liquor. While doing the job, Harry and Wesley were shot at by the Coast Guard, with Harry being shot in the arm and Wesley being shot in the leg. Hemingway uses both visual imagery and auditory imagery to enhance the reader’s understanding of what is happening. While dumping the bottles of liquor in the ocean, a boat with an acquaintance of Harry Morgan passes by. On the boat is Frederick Harrison, who works for the government and is on vacation in Florida. He tells to the captain of his charter, Willie Adams (Harry’s acquaintance), that since it looks like Harry is transporting liquor, he is going to try to go into town and have him arrested. The significance of this is that Harrison is a Bureaucrat who judges Harry and Wesley as bootleggers immediately, and if Harry did get arrested it would be detrimental to his family.            “Above the roar of the motors and the high, slapping rush of the boat through the water he felt a strange, hollow singing in his heart. He always felt this way coming home at the end of a trip”(Hemingway 87)Upon returning home from the bootlegging trip, Harry has a weird feeling. This is most likely guilt, caused from doing illegal crimes. The only reason Harry had started doing this is because money was tight for his family. Hemingway uses tone to emphasize the bittersweet feeling in Harry. Before all of this happened, Harry never had to do anything illegal, and doing all of this activity takes a toll on the best and worst of humanity. Hemingway also uses visual imagery to emphasize the tone. The water is a symbol for familiarity, danger, risk and change. This is seen all throughout the book, especially in the exposition and rising action. To Harry Morgan, the water especially represents decline, as all of this characters decline happens from and on the water.”‘But my family is going to eat as long as anybody eats. What they’re trying to do is starve you Conchs out of here so they can burn down the shacks and put up apartments and make this a tourist town. That’s what I hear. I hear they’re buying up lots, and then after the poor people are starved out and gone somewhere else to starve some more they’re going to come in and make it into a beauty spot for tourists'”(Hemingway 96).Chapter nine has Albert Tracy, Harry’s best friend, narrating. Albert is talking about all of the Conchs who are poor and starving. The term Conch refers to the Key West natives, because Key West was formerly known as the Conch Republic. Hemingway uses anadiplosis to emphasize the situation everybody is in. Since America is the Great Depression, many people are poor and hungry, which connects to Harry Morgan and his situation, as Harry commits illegal acts. Hemingway also uses polysyndeton to show just how much is happening to the Conchs and the extent they have to go through. For Harry, that was not the case. Harry took the route of smuggling goods to get what he needs, unlike the rest of the people of Key West.    Works CitedHemingway, Ernest. To Have and Have Not. Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1937


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